Chapter 1: Prehistoric Art Definitions Flashcards Preview

EDVS 1660: History 1 > Chapter 1: Prehistoric Art Definitions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 1: Prehistoric Art Definitions Deck (39):
1

Aurochs

Something like a cow/ox thing

2

Bronze Age

Age when metal became popular

3

Cairn

Pile that served both as prehistoric burial site and as a maker

4

Capstone

Final, optimist stone in a corebelled arch or vault, which joints the sides and completes the structure

5

Corbel

Early roofing and arching technique where each course of stone projects slightly beyond the previous layer, until upper most corbels meet

6

Dolmen

Prehis structure made up of 2 or more larger upright stones, supporting a large, flat, horizontal slab, or slabs

7

Henge

Circular area enclosed by stones or wood posts set up by neolithic peoples

8

Ice Age

(idk just think of the movie)

9

Megalithic

Large Stone used in some prehistoric architecture (neolithic)

10

Composite Pose

Combining different viewpoints within a single representation (making paintings look more alive)

11

Lintel

Horizontal element of any material carried by 2 or more vertical supports to form an opening

12

Menhir

Tall upright stone

13

Mortise and Tenon

Method of jointing 2 elements

14

Olduvai Gorge

Important site in Tanzania

15

Ompahalos

Round stone representing Navel of earth

16

Paleolithic

Early stage of stone age

17

Passage Grave

Prehistoric tomb under a cairn

18

Neanderthal

ice age people lmao

19

Analogy

Comparison between 2 things,

20

Relative Dating

Archeological process of determining relative chronological relationships among excavated objects

21

Absolute dating

Assigning historical date/years in which an object was made

22

Relief Sculpture

Surrounding material carved away to form a background that sets off the projecting figure

23

Sculpture in the Round

3D sculpture that's carved free of any background or block

24

Thatch

Plant material (reeds or straw) tied over a framework of poles to make a roof, shelter, or a small building.

25

Totem

(totem poles?)

26

Vault

arched masonary structure that spans an interior space

27

Wattle and Daub

Wall construction method combining upright branches, woven with twigs (wittles) and plastered or filled with clay or mud (daub)

28

Stone Age

Stone was like super important back then and stuff

29

BCE

Before common era

30

CE

Common Era

31

Photo: Women from Willendorf

Austria, c. 24,000 BCE

- Previously known as the Venus of Willendorf
- Spherical Volumes
- Healthy, mature female form
- Recent interpretations more nuanceds: according to gamble, possibly nonverbal communication between groups of Paleolithic People.
- Most people believed to be pregnant because of wide hops and widen belly

32

Photo: Woman from Dolni

Vestonice Czec Republic. 23,000 BCE

- Raw Early form of process/performance art
- Fired clay figures intended to be exploded in kin
- Healthy mature female form
- Early use of fire to make durable objects from clay

33

Photo: Women from Brassempouty

France, c. 30,000 BCE

- hair or headress carved into a girl

34

Photo: Wall painting with Horses, Rhinos, and Aurochs

France, c. 32000-30000 BCE

- Supprimosed figures of animals
- Occasional male and female human figures
- Handprints
- Geometric markings
- Handprints blown onto the wall

35

Photo: Bird Headed man with Bison

Lascaux Cave, c. 15000 BCE

- Narrative --> tells a story
- Man with bird head laying on ground (mask?)
- Disemboweled bison
- Atlatl
- Composite pose drawing

36

Photo: Bison Ceiling of a Cave

Spain, c. 12500 BCE

- Upper Paleolithic
- Painting incorporates natural features of rock walls/ceiling
- red and brown bison flanks backs

37

Photo: Stonehenge

England, c. 2900-1500 BCE

- Megalithic monument
- blue stone and gargen stone
- Lintels/mortsie-and tennon joints
- Changes in material/uses over time
- Ceremonies linked to death and burial evident form contextual status
- faced towards the sun

38

Photo: Akimodo Type Pottery

Japanese type

- Earliest examples of Neolithic pottery
- Reduced by Hunter-gatherer Society

39

Photo: Human Figure from "Ain Gahzal"

65000 BCE

- bundled twig cores
- Clothes painted on figures
- Powerful legs but skinny arms/hands
- Figures found buries in pits