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EDVS 1660: History 1 > Final Exam Tings > Flashcards

Flashcards in Final Exam Tings Deck (548):
1

Cistae

6.1 The Ficoroni Cistae

Cylindrical containers used by wealthy women as cases for toiletry articles like mirrors, cosmetics, perfumes

2

Atrium

6.2 Port Augusta

An unroofed interior courtyard or room in a Roman house

6.2 Port Augusta

3

Roundels

Circular panels

6.2 Port Augusta

4

Tuscan Order

Etruscan variation of Doric, with an unfluted shaft and simplified base, capitals and entablatures

6.3 Plan of Etruscan Temple

5

Pilasters

Rectangular column-like upright strips

6-2 Port Augusta

6

Composite Order

Combining different viewpoints in a single representation

7

Plinth

The slablike base or pedestal of a column, statue, wall, building or a piece of furniture

8

Stucco

Mixture of lime, sand, and other ingredients made into materials that can be modeled or molded

9

Sacrophagus

Stone coffin

6-9 Reclining couple on a Sacrophagus

10

Bronze casting Engraving

Bronze Casting ---
Engraving - An intalgio printmaking process of inscribing an image, design, or letters onto a metal or wood surface from which a print is made

11

Versim

Realism in art

6-14 Patrician Carrying portrait of 2 ancestors

12

Denarius

Widely circled coin

6-16 Denarius with Portrait of Julius Caesar

13

Engaged Column

A column attached to a wall

14

Cameo

Gemstone carved in low relief

15

Mausoleum

Monumental building used as a tomb

6-20 Ara Pacis Augustae

16

Forum

Roman tower center, site of temples and administrative buildings and used as a market or gathering

6-42 Model of Imperial Rome

17

Insulae

Poo type of stone that were used for plebians because it sucks. And that's why we don't se the apartment buildings still up.

6-24 The ruins of Pompeii

18

Impluvium

Pool for catching rainwater

6-30, Plan and Recon of House of Silver Wedding

19

Villa

Country houses of wealthy Romans (Patricians)

6-30 Initiation of Cult, Villa of Mysteries

20

Intuitive Perspective

Objects meant to be perceived as far away from the surface plan of the wall are shown smaller and smaller than those intended to appear in the foreground

6-23 Garden Vista, Villa of Livia at Primaporta

21

Pompeian Wall Painting,

1. structural/masonry
2. architectural style
3. ornate style
4. baroque

22

Palette

Hand held support used by artists for arranging colors and mixing paint

6-33 A Painter at Work

23

Atmospheric Perspective

Where world becomes progressively less distinct as the process of painting

6-32 Garden Vista

24

Flavian Amphitheatres/Colosseum

Rome's greatest arena that began under Vaspasian in 70 CE

6-38 Recon Drawing of the Flavian Amph

25

Carrtouches

Glided bronze shield-shaped ornaments

6-39 Outer wall of the Colosseum

26

Drillwork,

Rapidly cutting deep grooves with straight sides

6-40 Young Flavian Woman

27

Round Arches

Displaces most of its weight transmitting weight to adjacent supportive uprights

28

Thrust

Outward pressure caused by the weigh of the vault

29

Keystone

Topmost voussoir at the center of an arch, last block to be places ( holds everything together)

30

Voussoirs

Wedge-shaped stone blocks used to build an arch

31

Buttressing

Projecting support built against an external wall

32

Centering

Temporary structure that supports a masonry arch, vault, or dome during construction until the mortar is fully dried and the masonry is self-sustaining

33

Springings

Point at which the curve of an arch or vault meets with and rises from its support

34

Impost blocks

Block of masonry imposed between the top of a pier or above the capital column in order to provide extra support at the springing of an arch

35

Arcade

Succession of arches

36

Bay

Space encompassed by each arch and its supports

37

Barrel Vault

Elongated or continuous semicircular vault, shaped like half a cylinder

38

Groin Vault

Created by intersection of 2 barrel vaults of equal sides, creating 4 side compartments of identical size and shape

39

Dome

Rounded vault, usually over circular space

40

Oculus

Circular opening

41

Etruscan

Group of people that created thriving culture of Northern and Central Italy

42

Roman

Citizen of ancient Roman Empire

43

Porta Augusta

Etruscan monumental Architecture

6-2 Port Augusta

44

Apollo

Deity from the Temple of Hera

6-4 Apollo

45

Vulca

Italian artist from the town of Veii, created Apollo

6-4 Apollo

46

Romulus and Remus

Legendary founders of Rome who were nursed back to health by a she-wolf

6-11 Capitoline She-wolf

47

Senate

Various legislative or governing bodies

48

Vitruvius

Roman architect, military and civil engineer

49

Pliny the Elder, and Pliny the Younger

Elder taught the Younger who was a lawyer, author, and a magistrate of ancient Rome

50

Carthage

Canter or capital city of ancient Cathaginian Civilization

51

Republican Period

Romans using Greek orders in architecture, imported Greek art and employed Greek artists

52

Julius Caesar

First Roman leader to put his portrait on a coin

6-16 Denarius with Portrait

53

Ara Pacis Augustae

Mausoleum dedicated upon Augustus's triumphal return to Rome after 3 years establishing Roman rule in Gual and Hispania

54

Pompeii

Ancient Roman town-city near modern Naples

55

Wilhelmina Jashemksi

Archaeologist who excavated the Perisyle house of the Vetti

6-27 Peristyle Garden, House of Vettii

56

House of the Vetti

Roman house that includes outside living room

6-27 Peristyle Garden, House of Vettii

57

Basilica

Large rectangular building, often built with a clerestory, side aisles, separated from the center nave by colonnades and an apse at one or both ends

58

Nave

Central space of a church, usually flanked by aisles

59

Apse

Semicircular recess covered with hemispherical vault or semi dome

6-44 Restored Perspective view of the Central Hall

60

Roman Concrete

Material used in construction

6-17 Point du Guard

61

Opus Reticulatrum

Form of brickwork used in Roman architecture (checkered board)

62

Rotunda

Circular room under dome

6-51 Plan of the Pantheon

63

Coffer

Sunken panels, illuminating a circle against the surface of the dome

6-52 Dome of the Pantheon

64

Exadra/Niche

Rectangular alternating with semicircular

6-52 Dome of the Pantheon

65

Tessera

Small pieced of stone, glass or other objects that is pierced together with many others to create a mosaic

6-56 Unswept floor

66

Grout

Fluid form of concrete used to fill gaps ...

67

Tondi

A painting relief sculpture of circular shape

68

Undercutting

Used to add depth to figures in stone and marble reliefs

6-69 Platter

69

Diptych

Pair of panels attached with hinges

6-70 Priestess of Bacchus right Panel

70

Trajan

General born in Spain who commanded Roman troops in Germany (r. 98-117 CE)

71

Pantheon

Temple dedicated to Mars, Venus, and Julius Caesar

6-49 The Pantheon

72

Tivoli

A "Pleasure Garden"

6-54 The Canal, Hadrian's Villa

73

Hadrian

Consolidated the emperor's borders and imposed far-reaching social, governmental military reforms

Hadrian's Villa?

74

Marcus Aurelis

Military commander, and first Christian Emperor

6-57 Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius

75

Hercules

Gladiator, Son of Zeus, Marcul Aurelius...

6-58 Commodus as Hercules

76

Diocletian

Military commander who divided Roman empire into 2 parts in 286 CE

77

Constantine the Great

Son of Tetrarch Constantius Chlorus who emerged victorious in 312

78

Catacomb

Underground cemetery

7-1 Cubiculum of Leonis, Catacomb of Commodilla

79

Halo

Circle of life over head indicating importance and divinity

80

Narrative IMage

Picture with a story

81

Iconic Image

Picture expressing or embodies an intangible concept or idea

82

Monotheism

Belief that there is only one god

83

Ten Commandments

Rules

84

Menorah

Jewish lampshade with 7 branches

7-2 Ark of the Covenant and Menorahs

85

Ark of the Covenant

Wooden chest covered in gold that contains tablets of the 10 commandments

7-2 Arch of the Covenant and Menorahs

86

Dome of the Rock

Shrine located on the Temple Mount in the Old City of Jerusalem

87

Torah

Form of worship. First 5 chapters in the Hebrew Bible

7-3 Wall with Torah Niche

88

Old and New Testaments

2 parts of the bible

89

Synagogue

Islamic place for 'worship', any large room where the Torah scrolls are kept

90

Narthex

Vestibule or entrance porch of a church

7-9 Recon of the Interior, Old St. Peter's

91

Evangelists

Person who seeks to convert others to Christianity, especially by public preaching

92

Cathedral

Principle christian church in diocese

93

Diocese

Geographic units that Christian communities became organized by

94

Eucharist

Elaborate religious ceremony, or liturgy

95

Syncretism

Others assimilate images from other traditions either unconsciously or deliberately

96

Orant Figures

Worshipers with arms outstretched in prayer

97

Cubicula

Small rooms

98

Medallion

Any round ornament decoration

99

Lunette

Semicircular wall section

7-6 The Good Shepherd with Adam and Eve after the Fall

100

Vulgate

Official version of the Bible

101

Nave Colonnade

Columns supporting the entablature lined the nave

7-13 Plan A and Recon B of old St. Peter

102

Spolia

Fragments of older architecture or sculpture reused in a secondary contex

103

Ambulatory

Encircling barrel vaulted passageway

7-15 Church of Santa Costanza

104

Putti

Naked cherubs, derived from pagan art

7-12 Harvesting of Grapes

105

Longitudinal-Plan Church

Designed with rectangular shape and longitudinal axis

7-13 Plan A and Recon B of old St. Peters

106

Aisle

Passage or open corridor of a church, hall or other buildings that parallels the main space

7-13 Plan A and Recon B of Old St. Peters

107

Transept

The arm of a cruciform church perpendicular to the Nave

7-18 Oratory of Galla Placidia, Ravenna

108

Choir

Part of church reserved for the clergy, monks, or nuns, either between the transept crossing and the apse on each side (rotunda)

7-13 Plan A and Recon B of Old St. Peters

109

Central-Plan building

Any structure designed with a primary central space surrounded by Symmetrical area on each side (rotunda)

110

Oratory

Small Chapel

7-18 Oratory of Galla Placidia

111

Cruciform

Anything cross shaped

112

St. Peter

Son John, or Jonah

Church constructed by constantinople

113

Moses

Lead the Hebrews to freedom

114

Solomon

King who built temple in Jerusalem to house the arch of the covenant

115

God of Abraham

Created and rules the universe, hears the prayers of the faithful

116

Adam and Eve

2 first people made, disobeyed Jesus lol

117

Jonah

Swallowed by a whale?

118

Consantine

Granted all people in Roman empire the freedom to worship any god

119

Pontius Pilate

Served under emperor Tiberius and is known for trial and Crucifixion of Jesus

120

Judeo- Christian

Belief in biblical god of Israel

121

Minarets

Tower on or near a mosque from which Muslims are called to prayer give times a day

8-2 Hagia Sophia

122

Conches

Halfdomes that extends the central space into a longitudinal nave

8-4 Interior of Hagia Sophia

123

Naos

Processional Core

8-4 Interior of Hagia Sophia

124

Galleries

the thing out top of that (hand movement)

8-4 Interior of Hagia Sohpia

125

Pendentives

Provides circular base of support (byzantine)

126

Squinches

(Islamic) Provides octagonal base of support

127

Ciborium

Canopy sheltering the alter

8-4 Interior of Hagia Sophia

128

Ambo

Oblong pulpit with steps at each end

129

Martyrium

Church built over the grace of a martyr

8-5 San Vitale

130

Abbey Church

Place of worship within a monastery or convent

131

Pilgrimage Church

Site that attracts visitors wishing to venerate relics as well as attend services

132

Relics

Material remains of objects associated with a saint

133

Cathedral

The Bishop's primary church

134

Monasticism

Monkhood, religious way of life in which one renounces worldly pursuits to devote oneself fully to spiritual work

135

Theophany

Appearance of god to human beings

8-11 Transfiguration of Christ

136

Sciptoria

Writing centers for scribes; professional document writers

137

Manuscripts

Handwritten books

8-13 Rebecca at the Well

138

Parchment

Thin sheets of cleaned, scraped, and trimmed sheepskin or calfskin material

8-13 Rebecca at the Well

139

Scroll

Folded ting

140

Codex

Sheets bounded together like the modern book replaced the scroll as the primary form of recording texts

141

Miniatures

Reddish lead pigment found in manuscripts

8-13 Rebecca at the Well

142

Vellum

Fine writing surface made from calfskin

8-13 Rebecca at the Well

143

Continuous Narrative

Multiple Scenes from the same story appear within a single composition frame

8-13 Rebecca at the Well

144

Ignot

Block of steel, gold, silver, or other metal, oblong in shape

145

Icons

Image representing

8-14 Virgin and Child with Saints and Angels

146

Iconophiles

Image Lovers

8-15 Crucifixion and Iconoclasts

147

Iconoclasm

Image Breaking

8-15 Crucifixion and Iconoclasts

148

David and Goliath

child who kills Giant with stone to the head

149

Heraclius

Byzantine emperor who stepped forward for single combat with the Persian General Razatis

150

Emperor Justinian and Empress Theodora

Responsible for the construction of 3 churches

Hagia Sophia
San Vital
St. Catherine

151

Hagia Sophia

Holy wisdom referring to the dedication of this church to Christ as embodiment of divine wisdom

8-2 Church of Hagia Sophia

152

Mount Sinai

Pilgrimage site where Moses encountered God in the burning bush

153

Crusaders

Christian Soldiers

154

Katholikon

Compact central plan with dome

8-18 Plan of the Monastery at Hosios Loukas

155

Crucifixion

Killing of christ..

8-22 Crucifixion

156

Painterly

Style of painting which emphasizes the techniques and surface effects of brushwork

157

Lamentation

Passionate expression of grief or sorrow

8-22 Lamentation with Standing Monastic Saints Below

158

Doge

Chief Magistrate of Venice or Genoa

159

Enamel

Powdered and molten glass applied to a metal surface

8-25 Harbaville Triptych

160

Psalter

Meant to guide prayer life of its aristocratic owner, includes complete text of Psalms

8-15 Crucifixion and Iconoclasts

161

One-Point perspective

Method of creating illusion of 3D space on 2D surface by delineating a horizon line and multiple orthogonal lines

8-30 Mosaics in the Vaulting of the Inner Narthex

162

Parekklesion

Side chapel found in byzantine architecture

8-29 Plan of the Monastery

163

Anastasis

Resurrection of Jesus

8-21 Anastasis

164

Macedonian Renaissance

Middle Byzantine Art

165

Paleologue Renaissance

Late period in Byzantine art

166

Hosios Loukas

Town where Monastry had katholikon and church of the virgin

8-18 Plan of the Monastery at Hosios Loukas

167

Mosque/Masjid

Religious and social institution at the center of Islamic Culture

9-1 The Maqamat of Al-Hairi

168

Mihrab

Niche indicating the direction of Mecca

9-14 Qibla wall with Mihrab and Minbar

169

Hijira

Emigration

170

Caliph

Chief Muslim civil and religious ruler

171

Piers

Masonry support made up of many stones, or rubble and concrete

9-4 Interior, Dome of the Rock

172

Minaret

Tower where people are called to prayer

9-5 Great Mosque of Kairouan

173

Spolia

Reused columns of lsightly varied heights

9-6 Prayer hall, Great Mosque of Cordoba

174

Maqsura

Enclosure in a mosque situated near the mihrab and minbar

9-8 DOme in from of the Mihrab Great Mosque

175

Qibla

Mosque wall oriented toward Mecca

9-14 Qibla wall with Mihrab and Minbar

176

Calligraphy

The art of the finely written word

9-10 Page from the Qur'an

177

Kufic Script

Ornamental angular Arabic script, blocky and angular with strong upright strokes and long horizontals

9-11 Plate with Kufic Border

178

Diacritical marks

Glyph added to a letter or a basic Glyph

179

Surah

Soft twilled silk fabric

180

Luster-Ware

Pottery decorated with a metallic glaze

9-12 Lusterware Jar

181

Madrasa

Colleges for religious and legal studies

182

Iwan

Large vaulted halls with rectangular plans and monumental arched openings

183

Chahar Bagh

Court of lions

Persian style garden layout

9-15 Court of the Lions

184

Muqarna

Niche like components stacked in tiers

9-15 Court of the Lions

185

Mirador

Window the frame intentional to views

186

Baraka

Anywhere god can be ?????????

187

Mini'I Ware



** Mina'il ware with the man who pushes woman off

188

Frontispiece

Illustration facing the title page of a book

9-21 Frontispiece

189

School of Painting

at Herat in western Afghanistan, or a group of artists working at the same time

190

Stained Glass

Glass stained with colour while molten, using metallic oxides

191

Tugras

Calligraphy put to political use by Ottomans

9-26 Illuminated Tugra of Sultan Suleyman

192

Firmans

Imperial edicts supplementing Muslim Law

193

Connoisseur

A person who studies art

194

Trapesty

Multi colored decorative weaving to be hung on a wall or placed on furniture

9-29 Garden Carpet

195

Warp

Tying colored strands of yarn but occasionally silk for deluxe carpets onto vertical element

196

Weft

Crosswise threads that are shot horizontally

197

Semicircular Arch

Single center point that is level with the points from which arch sprints

inherited from Romans and Byzantines

198

Horseshoe arch

Center point above the level of the arch's springing point, punches upward above the capital, predates Islam but became the prevalent arch form in Maghred

199

Pointed Arch

2 center points, points generating different circles that overlap

200

Keel arch

Flat sides, and slopeswhere the other arches are curved

201

Ablaq Masonry

Juxtaposes stone of contrasting colors

9-14 Madrasa-Mosque of Sultan Hasan

202

Joggles Voussoirs

Interlocking jigsaw shape of blocks

9-14 Madrasa-Mosque of Sultan Hasan

203

Cut tile

Indiv cut ceramic tile pieces fitted together

9-18 Shah-I Zinda

204

Muqarna

Small niche-like components stacked in multiples as successive, nonload bearing units in arches, cornices, and domes

9-16 Palace of the Lions

205

Wodden Strapwork

Assembles finely cut wooden pieces to create the appearance of geometrically interlacing ribbons

206

Mosaic

Small glass pieces or glazed ceramic tesserae set on a plaster ground

9-4 Dome of the Rock

207

Water

Architectural elements reflects surrounding architecture

Court of the lions? and Myrtles

208

Chini Khana

Panel of niches sometimes providing actual shelving

209

Phrophet Muhammad

Founder of Arabia who built a house that became gathering place for the converted (the first mosque)

9-2 Kaaba Mecca

210

Mecca

City known as spiritual capital of Islam

211

Medina

Where muhammed fled to and built a house

9-2 Kaaba Mecca

212

Kaaba

Cube-like textibe draped shrine said to have been built for God by Ibrahim and Ishmael

9-2 Kaaba Mecca

213

Shi'ites and Sunni Muslims

ejk

214

Haram al-Sharif

?????

Rocky outcrop Muslims believed Muhammad ascended to the presence of God on the "Night Journey" described in the Qur'an, as well as the site of the first and second Jewish Temples

215

5 Pillars of Islam (SSZSH)

Shahadah - faith

Salat - prayers 5 times a day

Zakat - paying an alms tax to benefit the poor and needy

Sawm - Fasting during month of Ramadan

Hajj - Pilgrimage to mecca

216

Sinan

Served as engineer in Ottoman campaigns at Belgrade, Vienna, and Baghdad

217

Dharma

Teaching of religion of the Buddha

218

Ashokan Pillars

Dated to the time of King Ashoka, recalls the battle in the region of Kalinga taking place 8 years into his reign

10-1 Ashokan Pillar

219

Seals

Small figures of animals carved from steatie coated with alkalie and fired

10-2 Seal impressions

220

Steatite

Mineral talc occurring in consolidated form, especially as soapstone, seen in seals

10-2 Seal impressions

221

Trefoil

Ornamental design made up of 3 rounded lobes placed adjacent to one another

10-4 Torso of a Priest-king

222

Shramana

Seeker, one who performs acts of austerirty, ascetic

223

Axis Mundi

(10-1) Ashokan Pillar at Sarnath

joining the earth with cosmos, representing link between humans and celestial realms

224

Yakshi

10-7 Female Figure holding a fly-whisk

Spirit associated with the productive and reproductive forces of nature

225

Yaksha

10-13 Buddha and Attendants

Indigenous male nature deities

226

Ascetic

Practice of severe self-discipline and abstention from all forms of indulgence, mostly for religious reasons

227

Nirvana

(10-16) Buddha preaching his first sermon

Transcendent state in which there is neither suffering, desire, nor sense of self, and the subject is release from the effects of karma and the cycle of death and rebirth

228

Vihara

A monks living headquarters

229

Mandala

(10-14) Vishnu Temple

Diagram of the cosmos as envisioned in Buddhism

230

Jataka Tales

(10-8) The Great Stupa

Stories of the Buddha's past lives

231

Chakravartin

World conquering ruler

232

Chaitya

(10-10) Chaitya Hall, Karle

Sanctuary usually enshrined in a stupa

233

Mithuna

(10-10) Chaitya Hall

Amorous male and female figures that evoke the auspicious qualities of harmony and fertility in life

234

Lakshanas

(10-11) King Kanishka

The 32 marks of the historical Buddha

235

Urnas

(10-11) King Kanishka

dot on the middle of forehead

236

Urnisha

(10-11) King Kanishka

Bun or topknot and symbolizes enlightenment

237

High Relief

Form projecting strongly from the background

238

Mudras

(10-13) Buddha and Attendants

Symbolic hand gestures in Buddhist art that denotes certain behaviours, actions, or feelings

239

Linga Shrine

(10-21) Cave Temple of Shiva

Pair of colossal standing guardian figures flank

240

Bas-Relief

Another term for low relief

10-34 Borobudur

241

Devaraja

Cult of a good king

242

Asura

Member of a class of divine beings in the Vedic period

243

Stupas

Religious monuments, solid mounds, enclosing a relic

244

Toranas

Stone getaways

245

Shikharaa

Used to refer to the entire towerlike superstructure which often curves inward sloping more steeply through its peak

246

Mandapas

outdoor hall

247

Amalakas

circular or square shaped element on top of a spire

248

Garbnagriha

Contains a sacred image

249

King Ashoka

(10-1) Ashokan Pillar

3rd Mauryan king and oversaw expansion of Buddhism across entire empire

250

Buddhism

Religion and dharma that encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs, and spiritual practices based on teachings attributed to the Buddha

251

Indus/Harappan Civilization

Bronze age civilization on the fertile flood plain of the Indus river

252

King Indra

Divine god king?

253

Vedas

Earliest form of the sacred writings, containing hymns to various gods including the divine king Indra

254

Brahman

Once had his own cult, embodies spiritual wisdom

255

Upanishads

Collections of texts

256

Mahabharata

Longest epic in world literature

257

Ramayana

Most popular religious epic in India and Southeast Asia

258

Hinduism

(10-28) Erotic Sculptures

Loose term that encompasses the many religious forms that resulted from the mingling of the Vedic culture

259

Janism

Teaches the way to liberation and bliss is to live a life of harmlessness and renunciation

260

Sarnath

SIte of the Buddha's first sermon

261

Wheel of the Law

(10-16) Buddha Preaching his first Sermon

???

262

Siddhartha Guatama

Leader and founder of a sect of wanderer ascetics

263

Buddha

Founder of buddhist religion and his teachings

264

Four Noble Truths

no

4 central beliefs containing the essence of Buddhist teaching.........

265

3 Jewels of Buddhism

Buddha, Dharma, and Sangha

266

King Kanishka

(10-11) King Kanishka

One of Kusha's most illustrious rulers

267

Vishnu

Benevolent god who works for the order and well-bring of the world

268

Shiva

Both creative and destructive, light and dark, male and female ascetic and family man

269

Devi

Great goddess who controls materials riches and fertility

270

Bodhisattvas

(10-17) Bodhisattva

Enlightened beings who postpone nirvana and Buddhahood to help others achieve enlightenment

271

Silk Road

Ancient network of trade

272

5 Rathas

(10-23) Dharmaraja

Monument complex at Mahabalipuram

273

Ganges River

River flowing through nations of India and Bangladesh

274

Harihara

(10-33) Harihara

Form a merger of Hindu gods Shiva and Vishnu

275

Terra Cotta

Type of Earthenware that is clay based, unglazed where the fired body is porous

276

Jade

11-4 Cong from tomb 12

Stone cherished by Chinese throughout their history, extremely hard and is difficult to carve

277

Painted pottery Cultures

11-2 Bowl

?

278

Cong

11-4 Cong from tomb 12

Cylindrical tube encased in rectangular block

279

Taotie

11-4 Cong from tomb 12

A mask with dragon or animal like face common as decorative motif for them chinese

280

Piece-mold casting

11-5 Covered Ritual wine Pouring Vessel

Technique in which the mold consists of several sections that are connected during the pouring of molten metal, usually bronze

281

Oracle bones

Pieces of ox scapular or turtle plastron used for pyromanyc

282

Fang Ding

Rectangular vessel standing on 4 elongated legs, used for food offerings

283

Guang

11-5 Covered Ritual Wine Pouring Vessel

Wine pouring vessel lol

284

Carillon

11-6 set of bells

Bronze pieces?

285

Pictographs

Images that mean what the depicts

286

Ideographs

Graphic symbol representing idea or concept

287

Radical

left side of writing thing

288

Phonetic

right side of writing thing

289

Mythnocentric

11-7 Painted Banner

?

290

Bi

11-7 Painted Banner

Circular jade piece?

291

Bracketing

11-9 Tomb model of a House Tower

Arch elements projecting from the wall

292

qi and Brushstrokes

Vehicle of expression, through the vitality of painter's brushwok that spirit consonance

293

Handscroll

11-10 Detail of Admonitions of the Imperial instructress

Long, narrow horizontal composition compact enough to beheld in the hand when rolled up

294

Calligraphy

11-11 Portion of a leter from the Feng Ju

Painting reflects moral concerns

295

Running/Semicursive style

11-11 Portion of a letter from the Feng Ju

Relaxed, easygoing manner

296

Module

11-15 Nanchan Temple

Basic unit of construction

297

Pagoda

11-17 Great Wild Goose Pagoda at Ci'en Temple

Towers associated with East Asian Buddhist temples

298

Scroll painting

11-17 Detail of Ladies doing the silk thing

Painting executed on flexible support with rollers at each end

299

Li

Principle or Idea

300

Qi

Matter

301

Guan Ware

11-25 Guan Ware Vessel

Vessel mainly for imperial use

302

Chevron

11-27 Ceremonial Stand with Snake

Cylindrical shaft of bulbous base; used to support round bottomed jars

303

Celadon

11-30 Maebyeong Bottle

High-fired transparent glaze of pale bluish-green hue, typically applied over a pale gray stoneware body

304

Pagoda Diagram...

? no

305

Emperor Shihuanghi

First emperor of the Qin Dynasty

306

Qin Dynasty

When China became united for the first time under one ruler (Shihuanghi)

307

Yellow, Yangzi, Xi RIver

Yellow - longest

Yangzi - Second longest

Xi River - 6th longest..

308

Daoism

Outlook on life that brings together many ancient ideas regarding humankind and the universe

309

The Dao

11-8 Incence Burner

? acron thing

310

Cunfucianism

Teaches how to rectify elationships within the family, and then in everwidening circles with friends and others all the way up to level of the emperor and the state

311

Five Constant Relationships?

Water, Fire, Wind, voic.. smh thats fogin 4

312

Tang Dynasty

(618-907) Replaced the sui dynasty

313

Amitabha

Dwelled in the Western pure land, Paradis into which his faithful followers were promise rebirth

314

Nanchan Temple

11-15 Nanchan Temple

Shows characteristics of both temples and palaces of the Tang Dynasty

315

Academy of Painter ..

...

316

Seokugram

11-29 Seated Shakyamuni Buddh

Greatest monument of Unified Silla Period

317

Kami

Deities

318

Dogu

Small humanoid figures

319

Haniwa

12-2 Haniwa

Ceramic sculptures placed on tomb hills

320

Ritual Purification

(12-3) Main Hall, Inner Shrine

Important characteristic of Shintoism, in cyclical rebuilding and dismantling

321

Kondo

12-4 Ariel view of Horyuji Compound

Golden hall

322

Reliquary

12-4 Ariel View of Horyuji compound

Container often elaborate and made of precious materials, used as repository for sacred relics

323

Biwa

12-7 Biwa

5 Stringed lute

324

Joined-Block

12-12 Amida Buddha

To reduce cracking in heavy wooden statues, blocks joined together

325

Yamato-e

Native Japanese-style pictures; Yamato is the old Japanese word for Japan

326

Waka

12-13 Book Page from Ishiyama-Gire

The most significant form of native poetry which was a 31-syllable format

327

Yoroi

Armour

328

Raigo

Welcoming approach paintings

329

Lotus Flower

Symbolizes spiritual purity and the wholeness of creation

330

Lotus Throne

Representation of Nirvana

331

Chakra

Ancient sun symbol

332

Marks of a Buddha

32 Physical attributes

333

Mandalas

Diagrams of cosmic realms, representing order and meaning in spiritual universe

334

Fujwara

Powerful family of regents in japan?

335

Shinto

Japan's indigenous belief system encompassing ritual practices centered around family, village, and devotion to kami

336

Jomon, Yayoi, Kofun Periods

Jomon - COrd marking period

Yayoi- Introduction of rice cultivation from Korea

Kofun - Development of centralized government

337

Ise

12-3 Main Hall, Inner Shrine

City located on eastern tip of Kii peninsula...?

338

Prince Shotoku

Ruled Japan as regent and became the mose influential early proponent of Buddhism

339

Shaka

12-6 Buddha Shaka and Attendant Bodhisattvas

Name for Buddha Shakyamuni?

340

Nara Period

Named for Japan's first permanent imperial capital

341

Esoteric Buddhism

Hierarchical and its deities have complex relationships to one another

342

Dainichi ?

nope

343

The Tale of Genji

Known as the world's first novel

344

Kuya

12-16 Kuya Preaching

Monk who urged country folk to join hm in singing chants in praise of the Buddha Amida

345

Zen/Chan ?

12-18 Daruma

Monks who modeled their behaviour....?

346

Celts

13-1 Offering 4

Smooth oblong stone or metal objects, shaped like an axe head

347

Earspools

13-20 Earspool

Cylindrical earrings that pierce the earlobes

348

Talud-Tablero

13-6 Pyramid of the Feeathered Serpent

Slop and panel construction

349

Maguey

13-7 Bloodletting Ritual

An agave plant used in piercings

350

Aureole

13-....

Circle of light surrounding something, in art usually a body or head

351

Logosyllabic

Script of the Mayan culture

352

Codices

Folding books from the Mayan civilization

353

Roof Comb

13-8 Base of North Acropolis (Left) and Temple 1, Tikal

Structure topping a pyramid

354

Chacamool

13-14 Pyramid El Castillo

Half reclining figure

355

Camelid

Cameln?

356

Embroidery

The art or pastime of embroidering cloth

357

Geoglyphs

13-18 Earth Drawing of a Hummingbird

Earthen Design on a colossal scale, created on landscape, seen from aerial viewpoint

358

Adobe

Moche Civilization

Sun baked blocks of clay mixed with straw

359

Great House

13-27 Pueblo Bonito, Chaco Canyon

Center of Ancestral Puebloan Civilization

360

Kivas

13-27 Puebloe Bonitoa

Semi submerged pit houses earlier southwestern cultures

361

Navel of the Earth

,,,,

362

Desert Varnish

13-38 Anthropomorphs

Dark coating on rck

363

Olmec

Mesoamerican's first great civilization, introducting the art style

364

Mesoamerica

Modern mexico, Guatemala, and Honduras

365

La Venta

13-3 Colossal Head

Area of Olmec Civilization

366

Teotihuacan

Area in the valley of Mexico

367

San Juan River

..., a river?

368

Pyramid of the moon

13-4 Ceremonial Center of the City of Teotihuacan

Huaca del Luna north end axis facing plaza echoing form of mountains was enlarged several times

369

Pyramid of the Sun

13-4 Ceremonial Center of the City of Teotihuacan

Huaca del, sol. Largest of Teotihuacan's monumnents

370

Pyramid of the Feathered Serpent

13-6 Pyramid of the Feathered Serpent

At Ciudadela fortified city center which hold more than 60, 000 people

371

Ciudadela

13-6 Pyramid of the Feathered Serpent

Spanish word for fortified tempe

372

Maya

Indigenous people of Mexico and Central America

373

Jasaw Chan K'awiil

13-8 Base of North Acropolis and Temple 1

Initiated the construction program and commissioned many stelae decorated with his own portrait

374

Pakal the Great

13-9 Palace and temple of the inscriptions...

Comissioned most of the structures in Palenqe

375

Sacred Cenote

Site of Chichen Itza in northern Yucutan Peninsula

376

Chavin de Huantar

Important religious centre

377

Cahokia

Ancient Civilization....

378

Ile-Ife

"navel of the worl" is a city of southwestern Nigeria reagrded by the Yoruba people

379

Oni

Oduduwa come down from heaven to create Earth and then to populate it

380

Scarification

14-1 Crowned head of a Yoruba Ruler

Decorations made by Scarring

381

Envoy

Someone sent out as a messenger

382

Rock Art

Highly abstract geometric design to abstract and naturalistic representations of human and animal forms

383

Ichi

Japanese word meaning one

384

Oba

King in the Yoruba Langauge

385

Guilds

Medieval association of craftsmen or merchants, often having considerable power

386

Torons

14-14 Great Friday Mosque

Wooden beams projecting from the walls

387

Battered Walls

14-16 Great Enclosure, Great Zimbabwe

Walls slope towards the top

388

Lost-Wax Casting Diagram

Steps used by the Benin sculptors of Africa

389

Sahara

The Tassili-n-Ajjer range in the south of Present day Algeria and the acacus Mountains in present-dat Libya

390

Nok

Culture that arose in the western Sudan, in present-day Nigeria (500 BCE)

391

Igbo-Ukwu

Nigerian tribe, one of Nigeria's largest populations

392

The Pavement Period...

d

393

Great Zimbabwe

Extensive trade network that developed along the Zambezi, Limpopo and Sabi rivers

394

Lalibela

14-17 Bet Giorgis

Part of Ethiopia where Bet Giorgis (St. George Church) is located

395

Kongo

Climate often non conducive to the survival of objects made from wood

396

Relic

16-7 Rliquary Statue of Saint FOy, Abbey chuch

part of a body or clothing of a saint. ex: Skull of Mary.

397

Reliquaries

16-7 Reliquary statue of Sain Foy

A box or object that you hold the relic in.

398

Crusades

The cross that crusaders worse? from the Latin crux

399

Transverse Arch

16-3 Interior, Church of Saint Vincenc

An arch that connects the wall piers on both sides on an interior space, up and over a stone vault

401

Spolia

16-11 Interir Church of San Clemente

Columns re-used from ancient roman buildings

402

Strip Buttress

16-3 Interior. Church of Saint Vincenc

Vertical bands of projecting masonry

402

Baldachin/Ciborium

16-11 Interior Church of San Clemente

Canopy suspended over a sacred space

403

Keep

16-19 Dover Castle

Inner most strongest structure or central tower of a medieval castle also called a donjon

405

Lantern

16-17 Interior Cathedral of St. James

Structure built above the height on the main ceiling with windows that illuminate the space below

406

Campanile

17-17 Exterior, Speyer Cathedral

Bell tower

406

Mandorla

16-20 Creation and Fall of Adam and Even

Gold Body Halo

408

Hieratic

The Last Judgement

/????

408

Historiated Capitals

16-24 The Magi Asleep

The Creation of lively narrative scenes within the geometric confines of capitals

409

Tympanum

Hierarchically scaled image of abstract grandeur such as Christ in Majesty or Christ presiding over the Last Judgement

410

Speaking Facades

16-20 Creation and Fall of Adam and Eve

RIchly carved portals projecting bold symbolic and didactic programs to the outside world

411

Archivolts

Curved moldings composed of the wedge-shaved stone voussoirs of the arch, framing the Tympanum

412

Jambs

Vertical elements that support the lintel and archivolts, providing further field for figures, columns, or narrative friezes

413

Foliate

16-21 South Portal, Tympanum showing

Decorated with leaves or leaf like motifs

414

Satiage Do Compostela

Capital of northwestern Spain

415

Cluny

Land for a monastery to benedictine monks intent on strict adherence to the original rules of St. Benedict

416

Cistercians

People who spurned Cluny's elaborate litugical practices and aspects of their arts

417

Fontenay

Cistercian architecture that embodies the ideals of the order, simplicity, austerity and purity

418

Pisa

16-10 Cathedral complex, Pisa

City in Tuscany, Central Italy

419

Theophilus

Name or honorary title of the person to whom the Gospel of Luke and Acts of the Apostles are addressed

420

Wiligelmo

16-10

Inspired by roman sacrophagi, Italian sculptor created Ccreation and fall of adam and eve

421

Scholasticism

e,

422

Rib Vaulting

Form of groin vault in which diagonal rides (groins) rest on and are covered by curved moldings called ribs

423

Cartoon

e,

424

Grozing

Chipping away the edge of a piece of glass to acheive the precise shape needed for inclusion in the composition of a stained glass window

425

Flying Buttresses

17-7 Schematic Drawing of Chartres Cathedral

Arched bridge above the aisle roof that extends from the upper nave wall, where the laeral thrust of the main vault is greatest, down to a solid pier

426

Stringcourses

17-7 Schematic Drawing of Chartres Cathedral

Countinuous horizontal band such as molding, decorating the face of the wall

427

Pinnacles

17-7 Schematic Drawing of Chartres Cathedral

Steep pyramid decorating the top of another element such as buttress.. aslong being the highest point

428

Rose Window

17-7 Schematic Drawing of Chartres Cathedral

Circular window with mullions or tracery radiating in a form suggestive of a rose

430

Tracery

17-7 Schematic Drawing of Chartres Cathedral

Stone or woodwork forming a pattern in the open space of windows or applied to wall surfaces

430

Plate Tracery

17-9 Plan and Interior of Chartres Cathedral

Seriees of openings are cut through the wall

431

Triforium

17-9 Plan and INterior of Chartres Cathedral

Wall passageway

432

Bar Tracery

7-15 Interior Looking West, Reims Cathedral

Mullions dividing the space into segments to form decorative patterns

433

Mullions

7-15 Interior looking west

Slender straight or curving bar that divides a window into subsidiary sections to create a tracery

434

Hemicycle

Semicircular interior space. or structure

435

Lancets

17-9 Plan and Interior of Chartres Cathdral

Tall openings with pointed tops

436

Hall church

17-29 Interior, Church of St. Elizabeth of Hungry

Church with nave and aisles of the same height, giving the impression of a large, open hall

437

Aron

17-30 Interior, Old-New synagogue

Torah Scrolls

438

Bimab

17-29 Interior, Old-New synagogue

Raised platform for reading from them

439

Polychromy

17-33 Ekkhard and Uta

Multi colored painting on the surface of sculpture or architecture

440

Ile-De-France

French royal domain around paris

441

Crenellations

17-27 Exterior of the Great hall

Alternating high and low sections of a wall, giving a notched appearance and creating permanent defensive shield on top of fortified buildings

442

Saint-Denis

17-2 St. Denis

Considered to be the first gothic building

443

ABbot Suger

(17-2 Church of St. Denis

Administrator of church at the Abbey

444

Chartres

17-4 West Facade

Oldest and most important srhines in France, site of Pre-Christian virgin Goddes cult, and later dedicated to the virgin Mary

445

Remis

(17-12) West Façade ting, Cathedral of Notre-Dame Remis

City in France

446

St. Maurice

17-32 St Maurice

Commander in the Roman army, was martyred in 286 with his christioned ballot while they were stationed in Germany….?

447

Assisi

17-38 Church of St. Francis

Birthplace of St. Francis

448

Artisan Guild

Organized by occupation, exerted quality control amon members and supervised education through an apprenticeship system

449

Maniera Grace

e,

450

Buon Fresco

18-1 Frescosof the Sala Dei Nove

Water based pigments applied to plaster surface, becomes permaent part of the wall

452

Sinopia

Full sized perliminary sketch done in this color on the first rough coat of plaster or arriccio

452

Grisaille

18-7 Scovengi Chape, View toward East WAll

Monochrome painting in shades of grey

453

Loggia

18-2 Piazza Della Signoria

Gallery, often used a corridor between buildings or around a courtyard

454

Gesso

Ground made from glue, gypsum or chalk, used in a wood panel or the priming layer of a canvas

455

Predella ?

e,

456

Fleur-de-Lis

Flower thing

457

Giornata

18-1 Frescoes of the Sala Dei Nove

Section of a fresco plastered and painted in a Single Day

459

Bosses
18-22 Interior, Exeter Chathedral

Decorative knob-like elements

460

Andachtsbilder

18-2 Vesperbild

Devotional Images, shows both joy and extreme suffering

460

Vesperbild

18-2

Show of expressions, mary mourning her son

461

S:

18-21 Life of the Virgin, back of the Chichester

em

462

The Nine

Oligarchy that governed Sienna

463

Ogee

18-21 Life of the Virgin, back of the Chichester-Constable

e,

464

Ambrogio Lorenzetti

Sienna Paintiner (1294-1348) frescos of the Sala Dei Nove

465

Decorated Style

18-22 Interior, Exeter Cathedral

Influential Gothic architectural style

466

Siena

Vista of the 14th Century

467

Virtues and Vices ?

en

468

Palazzo Della Signoria

Ruling that governed Florence

469

Cimbue

Artist, Active c. 1272-1302 who painted the panel portraying the virgin and child enthroned

470

Giotto di Bondone

Painted Virgin and Child enthroned 2

471

Maesta

18-10 Maesta

Altarpiece assembled from many wood panels bonded together before painting

472

Palazzon Pubblico

Most important civic structure in Siena

473

Book of Hours

Private prayer book containing special prayers to be recited at the 8 canoncial devotional house btween morning and night

474

Heinrich Parler

Former master of works on Cologne Cathedral, began CHurch of Holy Cross

475

Master Theodoric

18-26 St. Luke

Court Painter who provided drawings on the wood panels and painted 30 images himself

476

Heuque

(19-1) Giovanni and his Wife

Sleeveless overgarment

477

Triptych

Altarpiece usually, 2 wings folding over a center section forming dptych

478

Polyptych

More Panelts than Triptych

479

Herbals

Encyclopedias of plants

480

Horizon Line

19-5 Februrary

Small size of trees and buildings in relation to people

481

Cope

Cloak

482

Trompe l'oeil

Illusion

483

Crockets

19-23

Small knobby lieaflike oranments that line the steep gables and slender buttress

484

Woodcuts

Print made from carving design into wooden block

485

Engraving

Print making process inscribings things onto metal or wood

486

Woodblocks

print made from 1 or more carved wooden blocks

487

Picture PLane

19-11 Flemish City

Pictures front surface

488

Renaissance

French for re birth

489

Chartreuse De Champmol

Monastic church, most lavish projects of Philip the Bold's outside Dijon

490

Mary of Burgundy

Only child of Charles the bold

491

Flanders

Provided critical tension and balance with the traditional powers of royalty and the church

492

The Visitation

Mary visitng her cousin Elizabeth

493

The Annunciation

Mary visited by archangel Gabriel

494

Incarnation

Coming back to life in a different form?

495

The Deposition

Pulling of Jesus from the cross

496

Jan Van Eyck

Famous painter using flemish style, Painting of Giovanni and his Wife

497

Rogier van Der Weyden

may have studied under the Master of Flemalle

498

Jean Fouquet

Leading cout painter of 15th century france

499

Flamboyant style

Repeated, twisted, flame-like tracery patterns in architecture

500

Linear Perspective

20-1 Nico Da Tolentino Leading the Charge

Arrangement in conformity with the new mathematical depiction of receding space

501

Condottieri

20-15 Equestrian Statue

Mercenaries contracted by Italian city-states and Papacy

502

De Facto?

e

503

Pietra Serena

20-4 Interior of San Lorenzo

Gray Tuscan sandstone that became associated with Brunelleschi's interiors

504

Palazzo

20-7 Palazzo Medici Riccardi

Town thing?

506

Vanishing Point

20-18 Christ giving keys to St. Peter

Point in a horizon line at which orthogonals meet

507

Glazing

20-6 Infant Swaddling Clothes

Outermost layer of vitreous liquid that upon firing, renders the area waterproof and forms a decorative surface

508

Trompe L'oeil

Fool the eye .. Illusion ting

509

Rusticated

20-8 Courtyard with Sgraffito Decoration

Blocks with their outer faces left rough

509

Intarsia

Wood Inlay

511

Sgraffito

20-8 Courtyard with Sgraffito Decoration

Decoration produced by scratching through a darker layer of plaster or glaze

512

Allegory

Symbolic illustration of a concept or principle

512

Petrarch.?

en

513

Giromata

20-21 Expulsion of Adam and Eve

Section of fresh plaster that can be prepared and painted in a single day

514

Lorenzo de Medici

20-34 David

Commissioned "David" for Palazzo Medici where Donatello's David was displayed

515

Filippo Brunelleschi

Solved the problem of the dome of Florence Cathedral

516

Nanni Di Banco

20-12 the 4 crowned Martyrs

Son of a sculptor in the Florence Cathedral, commissioned by the stone carvers and woodworkers to produce the four crowned martyrs

517

Aerial Perspective

20-39 Nativity and Adoration of the Shepherds

Method of rendering the effect of spatial distance by subtle variations in color and clarity of representation

518

Donatello

20-13 Donatello

Received 3 commissions for the niches at Orsanmichele during first quarter of the century

519

Masaccio

20-21 Expulsion of Adam and Eve

Painter known for paintings on the walls of the Barancci Chapel

520

Fra Angelico

20-23 Annunciation

Florence painter known for the Annunciation

521

Verrochhio

20-34 David for the Medici Palace

Had the most prestigious and active workshops in Florence

522

Venice

Emerged as major Renaissance art center and ruled as oligarchy with an elected duke

523

Gentile and Giovanni Bellini

20-42 Procession of the Relic of Trust Cross....

Most important artist in ... period, created the Procession thing....

524

Scribe

People who are in charge of writing documents (think of Ptai for Egypt)

525

Barbarian

Foreigners.. spoke their own language and could only barble the Greek or Latin language

526

Illuminated books

Books that not only include text, but pictures and decoration in color and gold

527

Chasing

15-2 Jewelry of Queen Arnegunde

Ornamentation made on metal by incising or hammering the surface

528

Animal Style

15-3 Gummersmark Brooch

Displaying an array of serpents, 4 legged beasts, and squat human figures

529

Gospel books

15-5 Symbol of the Evangelist Matthew

Essential for spiritual liturgical life within established monasteries, and critical for the missionary activities of the Church

530

Incipit

15-5 Book of Durrow

Human words of the text...

531

Scriptorium

en

532

Colophon

w,

533

Rune Stones

e,

534

Mille- Fiori

15-4 Hinged Clasp

Glassmaking technique in which rods of differently colored glass are fused in a long bundle that is sliced to produce disks or beads with small scale multi-color patterns

535

Wattle and Daub

Construction method, interwoven sticks and twigs covered with mud or clay

536

Stave Churches

Viking architecture.

537

Westwork

15-16 Palace Chapel of Charlemagne

Combines ground-floor narthex with upper story throne room

538

Cloister

15-18 Saint Gall Plan redrawn with Captions

Enclosed courtyard

539

Kells

Illustrated gospel book

540

Galla Placidia

Daughter of Roman emperor Theodosius

541

Gothic

East germanic language, providing the earliest manuscript evidence of German languages

542

Romanesque

Style or architecture prevailing in Europe

543

Arian Christianity

Concerning the doctrine of Christ

544

Mazarabic

an eclectic style practice in Christian medieval Spain when much of the Iberian peninsula was ruled by Islamic dynasties

545

Beatus

a Person or a book?

546

Vikings

Seafaring bands of norsemen

547

Carolingian

Dynasty established by Charlemagne

548

Ottonian

Saxon dynasty of German monarchs