Chapter 5: Ancient Greece Flashcards Preview

EDVS 1660: History 1 > Chapter 5: Ancient Greece > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 5: Ancient Greece Deck (91):
1

Amphora

Ancient Greek or Roman jar for storing oil, or wine, with and egg-shaped body and 2 curved handles

2

Pediment

Triangle gable found over major architectural elements such as classical greek portico, windows, or doors

3

Sanctuary

Sacred or holy temple used for worship

4

Olpe

Greek vessel without a spout

5

Black-figure-technique

Technique of ancient Greek ceramic decoration in black figures are painted on red clay ground

6

Red-figure-techniqe

Red clay colour figures on black background

7

Stoa

long roofed walkway usually having columns on one long side and a wall on the other

8

Caryatid

Sculpture of draped female figure acting as a column supporting an enblature (stick figure women thing)

9

Pedistal

Platform/base supporting sculpture or other monument

10

Entablature

Horizontal elements above the columns and capitals (consists of, from bottom to top, an architrave, a frieze, and a cornice)

11

Architrave

Bottom element in an entablature, beneath frieze and cornice

12

Terra Cotta

Medium made from clay fired over a low heat and sometimes left unglazed

13

Kore and Kouros

Archaic statues of young woman (kore) and man (kouros)

14

Archaic Smile

Curved lips of ancient Greek statues in the period c. 600-480 BCE

15

Kantharos

Ancient Greek goblet with 2 large handles and a wide mouth

16

Slip

Mixture of clay and water applied to a ceramic object as a final decorative coat

17

Metope

Carved/painted rectangular panel between the triglyph of a Doric frieze

18

Calyx Krater

Bell-shaped vessel with handles near the base that resembles a flower calyx

19

Sypsium

Elite gathering of wealthy and powerful men in ancient Greece that focused on wine, music, poetry, conversation, games, and love making

20

Contrapposto

Italian term meaning "set against" used to describe classical convention of representing human figures with opposing alternation of tension and relaxation on either side of a central axis, to imbue figures with a sense of the potential for movement

21

Humanism, Rationalism, idealism

Humanism - outlook or system of thought attaching prime importance to humans rather than divine or supernatural powers

** Rationalism - Belief that actions and opinions should be based on reason and knowledge rather than religious
belief or emotional response ** Idealism - Belief that ones own ideas are real

22

Kylix

Shallow ancient Greek cup used for drinking, with a wide mouth and small handles near the rim

23

Psykter

Greek vessel with an extended base to allow it to float in a larger krater

24

Tondo

Painting or relief sculpture of circular shape

25

Oinochoe

Greek Jug used for wine

26

Temple Terminology (pg. 108)

Sanctuaries where an outdoor altar stood within an enclosed sacred area called a temenos?

27

Greek Orders Diagram (pg. 109)

Constitutes a system of interdependent parts whose proportions are based on mathematical ratios

28

Trojan War

Conflict between the kingdoms of Troy and Mycenaean Greece

29

Exekias

Greek painter + potter (ajax and achilles playing a game on vase)

30

Euphronios

Greek vase painter and potter known for red-figure technique (Death of Sarpedon)

31

Achilles and Ajax

War warriors, ajax commits suicide after Achilles becomes murdered

32

Corinth, Athens, Sparta

** Corinth - City and former municipality in Corinthia, Peloponnese, Greece

**Athens - The heart of ancient Greece (Capital)

** Sparta - Prominent city-state- in ancient Greece

33

Mount Olympus

Highest mountain in Greece

34

Mount Parnassos

Mountain of limestone in Greece

35

The Deities

Gods and Goddesses

36

The Geometric Period

900-700 BCE, time of dramatic transformation leading to establishment of primary Greek Institutions

37

The Orientalizing Period

Cultural and art historical period.. Easter Mediterranean and Ancient Near east

38

The Archaic Period

600 - 480 BCE - Time of great achievement in Greece for literature

39

Zeus

Sky and Thunder God

40

Hera

Wife and one of 3 sisters of Zeus

41

The Early Classical Period

480-450 BCE, Establishment of Greek ideal of beauty than endured in the Western world to this day

42

Polykleitos

Greek Sculptor (Kritios Boy, Akropolis Athens, c. 475 BCE )

43

4;9 Ratio

Ratio of the Temple

44

Enstatis

Swelling of shaft or Greek Column

45

Idealization

Assumption of facts about things being molded that are strictly false but make models easier to understand or solve

46

Symmetria/commensurability

Symmetria - Statues of young athletes

Commensurability - Measurable by the same standard

47

Parapet

low protective wall, along the edge of a roof, bridge, or balcony

48

Agora

Open space in Greek town uses as a central gathering place or market

49

Bouleuterion

Building which housed council of citizens of a democratic city state

50

Podium

Raised platform that acts as the foundation for a building, or as a platform for a speaker

51

Tholos

Small ground building, sometimes built underground (Mycenaean Tomb)

52

Orthogonal Grid

Any line running back into the represented space of a picture perpendicular to the imagined picture plane

53

Hydria

Jar with 2 handles (horizontal ones at both sides and one vertical at the back) used for storing water

54

White-ground- paintin g

Background color of the object was painted with a slip that turns white in the firing process

55

Tempera

Permanent, fast-drying painting medium consisting of colored pigments that are mixed with water-soluble binder medium

56

Lekythoi

Vessel used for storing Oil

57

Strigil

Instrument with a curved blade used to scrape swear and dirt from the skin

58

Lost-wax-casting

Method of casting metal such as bronze.. Wax mold covered with clay and plaster, then fired, melting wax and leaving a hollow form

59

Mosaic

Image formed by arranging small colored stone or glass pieces and affixing them to a hard, stable surface

60

Tesserae

Small piece of stone, glass, or other objects that is pieced together with many others to create a mosaic

61

Foreshortening

The illusion created on a flat surface by which figures and objects appears to recede or the rules of perspective

62

Pausian Design

q,

63

Proscenium

Stage of Theatre

64

Torc

Neck ring worm by Celtic Warriors

65

Barbarian

Label for foreigners outside their cultural orbit

66

Expressionism

Artistic styles in which aspects of works of art are exaggerated to evoke subjective emotions rather than to portray objective reality or elicit a rational response

67

Akropolis

Raised area holding a building or cluster of buildings, especially in a pre-columbian city lmao what

68

The High Classical Period

450 - 400 BCE, Known as greece's "Golden Age," pinnacle of artistic refinement, producing works that set a standard of unsurpassed excellence

69

Peloponnesian War

431-404 BCE, fought by Athens and the empire against the Peloponnesian League led by Sparta

70

Perikles

(c. 495-429) 5th Century BCE leader who Dominated Athenian politics and culture from 462 BCE until he died in 429 BCE

71

The Parthenon

Temple on Athenian Acropolis, Greece

72

Athena Nike/Promachos/Parthenos

Athena Nike - Temple in south of the Propylaia in 425 BCE

Promachos - Men fighting in first rank of phalanx

Parthenos - Ephithet of Athena.. Meaning "virgin?" what

73

Erechtheion

Temple north side of Acropolis

74

Pheidias

Sculptor, director of the construction of the Parthenon

75

Elgin Marbles

Collection of greek marble, originally part of the Parthenon

76

The Canon

e,

77

Propylaia

Monumental getaway

78

Panatheniac Way

Numerous roads led in and out of agora Square.. Dipylon, up to Acropolis

79

Hippodamos of Miletos

Major urban planner of the 5th Century BCE, held views on the reasoned perfectibility of Urban design akin to those of Athenian Philosophers and artists

80

Socrates

Greek philosopher who was the teacher of Plato

81

Polygnotos of Thasos

Vase painter in athens known for paintings of the Agora, Market place

82

The Late Classical Period

400-323 BCE, increased emphasis on the expression of emotion in arte

83

Plato and Aristotle

Philosophers in studying matters of ethics, science, politics

84

Aexander the Great

led united Greece in a war of revenge and conquest against the Persians

85

Lysippos

Greek sculptor (Man scraping himself)

86

Praxiteles

Sculptor (Aphrodite of Knidos, Hermes and the infant Dionysos

87

Gnosis

Common Greek noun for knowledge, signifying a dualistic knowledge in the sense of mystical enlightenment or "insight"

88

The Hellenistic Period

323-31/30 BCE, time of death between the man Alexander and the rise of Roman domination .. Successors of ATG

89

Antigonus, Ptolemy, Seleucus

Antigonus - controlled Macedonia and mainland Greece

Ptolemy - Ruled egypt

Seleucus - … don’t friggin know not sorry

90

Pergamon

Ancient Greek City in Aeolis

91

Pausia vs Glykera

q,