Chapter 1 Test Midterm Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Test Midterm Deck (38):
1

relationship between god and humanity that results in a body of beliefs and a set of practices

religion

2

religions that believe there is only one god

monotheistic

3

the existence a person who denies the existence of god

atheist

4

religions that believe in the existence of many gods and goddesses

polytheistic

5

an indifference to religion and a belief that religions should be excluded from civic affairs

secularism

6

a vice contrary to the virtue of religion that directs us away from what we owe to god in justice

irreligion

7

the belief that gods existence cannot be known

agnosticism

8

the way god communicates knowledge of himself to humanity, a self communication realized by his actions and words over time, most fully by his sending us his divine son, Jesus christ

divine revelation

9

famous german astronomer who discovered that the earth and planets travel about the sun in elliptical orbits

johannes kepler

10

dominican friar who set out five proofs for gods existence

st thomas aquinas

11

a practical judgment of reason that helps a person decide the goodness or sinfulness of an action or attitude

conscience

12

the sin of disobedience committed by adam and eve that resulted in their loss of original holiness and justice and their becoming subject to sin and death

original sin

13

an attribute of god that he is everywhere, unlimited, and all powerful

omnipotent

14

a binding and solemn agreement between human beings or god and people, holding each to a particular course of action

covenant

15

the official teaching authority of he church

magisterium

16

every culture and religion seek truth bc truth exists.

true

17

it is through the paschal mystery that we as human beings have received the ultimate truth.

true

18

the two largest religions in the world are christianity and judaism

false- 3: christianity, judaism, islam

19

our human faculties make us capable of coming to knowledge of the existences of a person god

true

20

the single deposit of faith includes sacred scripture and sacred tradition

true

21

the first vatican council stated that the truth attained by philosophy and the truth of revelation are neither identical nor mutually exclusive

true

22

philosophy and natural sciences are contained within natural reason

true

23

freedom is not realized in decisions made against god

true

24

one of the proofs of gods existence is the first cause

true

25

free will enables us to think

true

26

god created the world and then left us alone to discover him

false- he's with us still

27

covenants with adam, noah, moses, and jesus are all covenants from the OT

false- not jesus but the rest are

28

god sent prophets to help his people to know him

true

29

elijah, ezekiel, isaiah are all prophets who have books named after them in the bible

false- not elijah, it's supposed to be daniel and jeremiah

30

god made the covenant with noah on mount sinai

false- moses

31

the single deposit of faith is made up of:

sacred scripture and sacred tradition

32

the _____ books are a body of writings of proverbs, riddles, stories, and similar types of writings to serve as a guide to daily successful living

wisdom

33

_______ is from the greek, meaning one who speaks before others

prophet

34

______ means handing down

tradition

35

_____ means books

bible

36

_____ and _____ come from the same greek word and are often used interchangeably

covenant and testament

37

the ______ has 27 books

new testament

38

the ______ has 46 books

old testament