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Flashcards in Chapter 7 Deck (108):
1

Why is it important to know what words mean?

they have great power to communicate or mislead, which means it is essential to understand the words that are applied to Jesus Christ in Scripture

2

What kinds of questions does christology address?

Who is Jesus Christ? How can Jesus be both Human and Divine? What do we mean when we call Jesus the Son of God? Who do you say Jesus is?

3

What are 5 examples of what the new testament does to guide us in understanding jesus?

Jesus is Emmanuel, Jesus is the Word of God, Jesus is the Son of Man, Jesus is the unique son of God, Jesus is "I AM" that is God

4

What is Jesus called in the new testament? How many times?

Rabbi, 14 times

5

Rabbi is the jewish word for_______

teacher

6

What does the title Rabbi let us see Jesus as?

a respected and admired teacher

7

What was unique about Jesus' teaching style when compared to other rabbis?

did not quote-original

8

Christ comes from the greek word______

Christos

9

Christos translates to______ in latin

Messiah

10

Messiah is a latin word that trasnlates to a hebrew word meaning ________

annointed one or savior

11

T/F The contemporaries had the same ideas of what and who the Messiah would be.

False

12

T/F Although Jesus accepted the title Messiah, his concept of the Messiah differed from that of his contemporaries.

True

13

How did Jesus see the Messiah?

As the Son of Man, who will come in glory at the end of time but he is also the suffering servant described in Isaiah. He would sacrifice his very life for his people.

14

When did God the Father anoint his only begotten Son with the Holy Spirit?

At his baptism

15

Why did jesus tell his disciples to keep his true identity quiet?

He did not want people to come to him for the wrong reason, he wanted them to approach him in faith and to accept and live his message of love, peace and service

16

What is one of the major themes of the gospel of Mark?

following Jesus means picking up a cross in daily imitation of Him

17

T/F God still send s prophets to the world

True

18

What was teh threefold office of the suffering servant?

Prophet, High Priest, King

19

What is a prophet commonly thought as?

one who predicts the future as Jesus' prediction about the destruction of the temple.

20

What does the word prophet mean

a person who represents God and who works on Gods behalf to instruct the people

21

What is Jesus?

the very word of God who speaks for his father and teaches through his words and his deeds the full message of Salvation. His role of prophet involved testifying to truth

22

What is a priest

a mediator between God and humanity. The letter to the Hebrews calls Jesus the great high priest and the perfect sacrifice. Jesus the Christ continues his priestly role at each celebration of the Eucharist

23

T/F When Jesus responded to Pilate, "You say so," Jeus meant, "No I am Not"

false

24

What inscription did pilate instruct the soldiers to put of the cross?

Jesus, the Nazarean, The king of the Jews (INRI)

25

Jesus was the kign of what?

King of the Jews and of all the people. But he does not lord it over others. He came as the Son of God to serve through suffering and dying for us to bring about our salvatio and rules with gentleness, compassion and love

26

What did God instruct the Chosen People to do with lamb during the Passover feast?

kill an unblemished lamb and sprinkle its blood on the doorposts and lintels of thier dwelling, eat with unleavened bread and bitter herbs

27

What did teh sacrificial lamb symbolize for the israelites?

salvation and freedom

28

What does St. Paul call Jesus in the New Testament?

The paschal lamb who has been sacrificed

29

What did John that baptist declare about Jesus?

That he was not only the Lamb of God but also the son f God

30

What is the significance of Jons report that Jesus' Death on the cross took place at the exact moment when the passover lambs were slaughtered in the Jerusalem Temple?

Safricie of Jesus ends all sacrifices. The blood of the slain lamb saved the israelites, Blood of the true lamb replaced the death of all other sacrificial lambs

31

T/F Every Catholic mass commemorates the acrifices the lamb of God in an unbloody mannor?

True

32

What does the word savior mean?

one who protects us from present or future danger

33

What does the name Jesus mean?

savior or God saves

34

What happens when christians apply the title Lord to the name name of Jesus?

it translates the Greek word Kurios, which translates the Hebrew word Adonai

35

What is Adonai?

is was the word the chosen people used whenever YHWH would appear in Hebrew Scriptures

36

T/F To give Jesus the title Lord is to state that he is God.

True

37

What are other NT titles for Jesus?

Advocate, Author of Eternal Salvation, Deliverer, Divine Physician, Head of the Church, Living Water, Mediator, Prince of Life

38

What is a symbol?

an external sign of some reality. Jesus himself is a symbol, the perfect symbol of his father, God's own word, and a visible sign of the invisible God

39

what help christians to grasp important truths about jesus

symbols

40

cross w greek letters

jesus christ the conqueror

41

what does jesus christ the conquerer convey?

jesus has conquered sin and death

42

what are the letters in jesus christ the conquerer

IC- first and last letter of Greek word for Jesus
XC- first and last letters of Greek word for Christ
NIKA- greek word that means to conquer

43

-first and last letters of the greek alphabet
-from Book of Revelation
-jesus is the beginning and completion of all history

Alpha and Omega

44

jesus of nazareth, king of the jews
latin
roman authorities posted the crime of those being crucified on their cross for all to see

INRI

45

what were the languages that the crime of the crucified in palestine in

hebrew, latin, and greek

46

first 2 letters of the greek word for greek word for christ (xpiotos)

chi-rho

47

symbol for christ and christians bc of the anagram for the first letters of the words in a short creed : Jesus Christ Son of God Savior , in greek this means

fish

48

first 3 letters of the name jesus in greek

IHS

49

jesus takes away the sins of the world. with his passion and death, he made himself the perfect sacrifice to redeem us from our sins. he is the priest and victim

lamb (of god)

50

when does the church issue a pronouncement

when something is questioned

51

false teachings about the church
leading someone down the wrong path
choosing to teach false things
not aware of logical progression

heresies

52

who clarified church teaching about jesus and the trinity during the first 5 centuries of christianity

church fathers

53

important bishops, theologians, teachers, and scholars whose writings have greatly contributed to church doctrine and practice

church fathers

54

heresy that jesus only appeared to be human

Docetism

55

docetism is a form of _____, which claims that jesus shared a secret knowledge with only a few close friends - these people denied jesus' humanity and therefore his Resurrection - this denies the universal aspect of christianity

Gnosticism

56

what says that matter is bad and spirit is good
matter is bad, humans are made of matters, jesus can't be humans since he is divine and that is good

dualism

57

greek of docetism

Dokein - to appear

58

who corrects docetism

St. Irenaeus by using the Gospel of John, which says the word became flesh and dwelt among us, which mean that matter is good

59

true established teaching

orthodoxy

60

what book did St. Irenaeus write that was against Gnostic belief and spreads the message of salvation for all

Against Heresies

61

jesus was not god, but only the greatest of creatures (mule - 1/2 donkey, 1/2 horse) whom God adopted as his son

Arianism

62

when and who created arianism

arius in 3rd century

63

who corrected arianism

St. Athanasius and others at Council of Nicaea in 325

64

what was a result of the Council of Nicaea

Nicene Creed - details the most essential beliefs of orthodox christiany

65

what do objects have

substance - matter God uses
accidents - things noticeable by senses

66

jesus is in the same ____ as God

substance - it is divinity

67

essay 1: Why do we need Jesus to be fully human?

-he can't die, so he can't rise
-can't take on sin
-can't be Son of Man
-can't be born
-PROTOEVANGELIUM- perfect obedience to God's will , which will reverse the fall - through one man, all sin and so through one man all are saved

68

essay 2: Why do we need Jesus to be fully divine?

-can't be Son of God
-can't forgive sin
-can't bring salvation
-can't open gates of heaven

69

when/what was the council ofnicaea upheld

at the second ecumenical council at Constantinople in 381

70

Father of Orthodoxy

st. Athansius - bc of his leadership in defending the tru teaching of Christianity

71

there are 2 persons in Jesus - one human and one divine
Mary was only the mother of the human Jesus and shouldn't be called the mother of God

Nestorianism

72

where and who for Nestorianism

nestorius, who was the patriarch of Constantinople

73

who, when, where corrected nestorianism

St. Cyril of Alexandria at Council of Ephesus in 431

74

Mary is Theotokos, which is

Greek for God-bearer

75

Christ is one person with 2 natures

hypostatic union - this is orthodoxy taught by St. Cyril

76

What symbol is the first 2 letters of the Greek word for Christos?

Chi-Rho

77

What symbol is the first 3 letters of the name of jesus in Greek?

IHS

78

What ymbol is Jesus is the begining and the end of all history?

Alpha and Omega

79

What symbol is an anagram for the first letters of a short creed: Jesus Christ Son of God Savior?

Fish

80

What is the symbol where Jesus christ is victorious?

Jesus Christ the Conqueror

81

What symbol is Jesus is the one who takes away the sins of thw world?

Lamb

82

What symbol abreviates the latin words that would have been posted the crime Jesus was convicted of?

INRI

83

What is a heresy?

false teaching, denial of some truth or truths of the Catholic Faith, teachings, of the apostles or what is written in the Gospels and other new testament books

84

What happens when the false teachings challenge traditional Church taeching and mislead people?

the magesterium must clarify what catholics should believe by issuing clear and precise statements that every generation of believers will hold the truths about our faith

85

What do catholics belive of about Jesus' life?

that he lives in his church and promisesd to be with us always through the power of the Holy Spirit

86

Who did jesus appoint to lead the church?

Peter, the apostles, and thier successors

87

What were the church fathers?

Bishops, theologians, teachers and scholars whose writings have greatly contributed to church doctrine and practice

88

What did the church fathers help clarify?

church teachings about Christs' identity and Blessed Trinity

89

T/F The apostles and bishops gathered in several ecumentical councils that issued dogmatic teachings about the catholic fith including the promulgation of the Nicene Creed

False

90

Who actually gathered in several ecumentical councils that issued dogmatic teachings about the catholic fith including the promulgation of the Nicene Creed

church fathers

91

Which heresy held that Jesus only seemed to be human?

Docetism

92

Docestism is a form of what?

Form of Gnostism which falsley held that Jesus shared secret knowledge with just a few close friends.

93

What does both Docetism and Gnostism deny.

The true humanity of Jesus as well as his Resurrectionn

94

Which Church father taught that bc the Roman Church traces her authority back to Peter, it is the true source of right teaching and belief?

St. Irenaus

95

What did Arius deny?

that Jesus was equal to God the Father, rejecting the teaching of the Incarnation, that God became man

96

What did Arius teach?

that Jesus was gods greatest creature and an adopted Son of God, but rejected the idea that Jeus is God

97

What is the teaching of Athanasius that Jesus had to be divine?

Jesus is the same substance as God, he is the very thing that St. Thomas recognized when he addressed the risen lord as "My Lord and My God" Taught if Christ isn't divine then he can't be our savior

98

What did Nestorius teach?

That there were 2 persons in Jesus-one divine, one human. He refused to call Mary "the Mother of God" bc he claimed that she was mother to only the "human Jeus"

99

What does the title Theotokos say about Mary?

means "God-bearer" she bore God-Jesus

100

What did Eutyches claim about the divine nature of Jesus?

claimed that the divine nature of Jesus absorbed his human nature, swallowed up "Like a drop of honey into thr water of the sea"

101

What is Eutyches hersesy known as?

Monophysitism and in effect, it denies that Jesus was truly human

102

What was the famous Chalcedon formula taught by the Council of Chalcedon?

Jesus is 1 person, 2 natures, a divine nature and a human nature

103

What teachings about Jesus came from the early ecumenical councils?

Jesus is the only son of God, Jesus christ is true god, jesus is the begotten not made one in being w/ the father, all things were made through the son, there is only 1 person in christ the divine person, mary by conceiving gods son, is truly the mother of god,

104

T/F the son always existed with the father- he was neither "made" nor "generated" by the father

true

105

divine nature of jesus completely swallowed up his human nature - so jesus only had one nature, which is divine

Monophysitism - means one soul

106

heretic, corrector, council, orthodoxy of monophysitism

Eutyches
Pope St. Leo the Great
Council of Chalcedon
2nd and 3rd Councils of Constantinople
Jesus is one Divine Person w 2 natures - human and divine

107

important 3 teachings of councils and council

Jesus is consubstantial w the Father. He is divine - Nicaea
Mary is truly the Mother of God (Theotokos) - Ephesus
Jesus is one Divine person w two natures: human and divine - Chalcedon

108

Chalcedon formula

Jesus is one Divine Person w two natures: human and divine