Flashcards in Chapter 1- Unit 1 Deck (10):
What is a behaviour, generally and technically? Give 3 synonyms for behaviour.
A behaviour is anything a person says or does. Technically, behaviour is any glandular, muscular, or electrical activity of an organism.
Describe 2 dimensions of behaviour. Give an example of each.
1. Overt- visible behaviour that could be observed and recorded by an individual other than the one performing the behaviour
- ex. Running
2. Covert- private/ internal activities that cannot be readily observed by others. Does not refer to actions done in private like undressing. Rather internal action such as self talk which are expressed through physical means such as increased heart rate.
- ez starter telling themselves “I hope I don’t fall”.
What is a behavioural deficit? Give to examples.
Too little of a particular behaviour
- ex. Not cleaning up after self or looking into someone’s eyes when communicating
What is behavioural excess? Give 2 examples.
Too much of a particular behaviour
-ex. Sleeping and eating too much
Define behaviour modification.
Involves the systematic application of learning principles and techniques to asses and improve individuals covert and overt behaviour in order to enhance their daily functioning
State 7 defining characteristics of behaviour modification.
1. Emphasizes zest on defining problems in terms of measurable behaviours
2. Treatment procedures and techniques altering an individuals current environment
3. Precise methods and rationales
4. Real life applications of techniques
5: techniques in the science of learning in general and the principles of operant and Pavlovian conditioning
6. Scientific demonstration linking with behaviour change
7. Strong emphasis on accountability
Define behavioural assessment
Involved a collection and analysis of information and data in order to
1. Identify and describe the target behaviour
2. Identify possible causes if behaviour
3. Guide the selection of an appropriate behavioural treatment
4. Evaluate treatment outcome
Briefly describe B.F. skinners early influence in behaviour modification.
Bf skinner distinguished between Pavlovian conditioning and operant conditioning- a type of learning in which behaviour is modified by its consequences, including rewards and punishments. Also offered his interpretation of how basic learning principles could influence the behaviour of all people in all kinds of situations.
List 4 myths or misconceptions avid behaviour modification
1. Use of rewards by behaviour modifiers to change behaviour behaviour is bribery
2. Behaviour modification changes only the symptoms and doesn’t change the underlying problems
3. Behaviour modifiers are cold and unfeeling and don’t developed beneath your with their clients
4. Behaviour modification is out dated