Chapter 10 Flashcards Preview

The Art Of Reading Buildings > Chapter 10 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 10 Deck (48):
1

When does size up begin

During pre planning and when driving around

2

Two types of size up

The initial-180

The expanded-360

3

Should you always do a 360

Yes, unless you have a good exception

4

What should the size up include, for the building?

The general use and size classification
Basic construction, era, features
Building status
What is burning
The foreground clock

5

First clue of size up is

Address

6

5 sub groups of occupancy for rapid street guide

Single Family dwelling. Institutional
Multi family dwelling. Public assembly
Main Street commercial. Misc building
Mfr/warehouse
Office/hotel

7

For the Main Street commercial, you should probably announce what in size up?

The actual business type, strip mall, retail store, eatery

8

Manufacturing/warehouse by defn does not allow and can involve what?

The general public
Hazardous material

9

Institutional includes what types of businesses?

Schools, jails, courts, hospitals,

10

Public assemblies can be what size and include?

Small to medium sized and include restaurants and churches

11

What are some buildings in the Misc category?

Grain silos
Telephone exchange
Kit buildings
Utility substations, toll plazas

12

For the 360 size up, what will the good officer scan for?

Building construction considerations
Smoke and fire conditions
Status of building( are people there)

13

The initial size up includes a brief judgement on:

Building size
Apparent use
Obvious fire and smoke conditions

14

What's the best hand held light source for size up?

Flood style hand light, not pencil beam
Or lantern

Allows to see more features and refract off of smoke

15

Modern town homes are most likely from what era?

Lightweight

16

Dwellings with centrally located fireplaces are from what era?

Industrial and or historic

17

Dwellings with attached or adjoining garages with small doorways are from what era

Prior to Industrial

18

Commercial buildings with arched, bridge truss or sawtooth roofs are probably from what era?

Prior to post WWII-legacy

19

Unreinforced masonry is from what era?

Prior to pre WWII industrial

20

Exposed rafter tails of 2x4's are from:

Engineered LW era

21

Long Windows, rolling doors and pilasters mean:

Wide open interior and early collapse possible

22

4 building status classifications

Occupied
Unoccupied
Vacant
Abandoned

23

How should you treat residential buildings for status?

As occupied unless reliable info proves otherwise

24

What can a large white X across a red background mean on a building?

Abandoned building that is too dangerous structurally for interior firefighting

25

What does one slash on a background mean?

The building might be sound, but interior ops should be limited to a quick search by permission from IC

26

Why should you always carry a pike pole?

To determine what is burning. Pull ceiling, take a look

27

What is burning?

Structural members?

28

Turn back time for lightweight and conventional exposed structural members

Lightweight- 5 minutes

Conventional-15-20

29

Define foreground clock by the author's standards.

Once personnel are on scene, how long will it take to make a visible impact on the fire?

30

For his foreground clock, what 5 tasks are to be accomplished?

Exit and PPE
Conduct a 360
Deploy hose/water
Force entry
Move water and get it to the fire

31

3 factors that will work against you at a fire.

Gravity
The fire is weakening the building
Water weighs 8.35 lb per gallon

32

National average for collapse of lightweight wood trusses?

5-7 minutes

33

How does a building on fire affect the fire ground clock if it was burning when you pulled up?

Add that to the known fireground implementation clock

34

6 tactical challenges for buildings

Fire spread
Collapse
Forcible entry
Ventilation
Search
Specific hazards

35

3 factors that determine fire spread

Internal geometry of the building
The fire load
The heat and intake (flow path)

36

2 odd signs of collapse:

Doors out of plumb
Water flowing out of the building that doesn't match amt going in

37

Collapse is an algorithm of :

Construction method
Fire
Heat exposure
Elapsed time

38

Forcible entry is a two part operation that consists of:

Forcible entry and forcible exit

39

In regard to Search as a tactical challenge, what has changed?

Society changed the fire (high heat, explosive gases) and society changed the building (LW and air tight)

40

How long can a person survive in 300 degrees?

1 minute

41

What do heat cracked Windows and high velocity smoke indicate?

A non survivable room

42

8 specific hazards that effect tactics:

Storage of Hazardous materials
Hoarding
Multiple overhead lines
Access/egress
Previous fire and collapse
Aging
Windowless bldg
Multiple entry levels or sloping grade

43

3 primary hazards of Facades

LW material
Common attic on the exterior and may be to the attic
They can collapse over an entry or exit

44

What are the game changing hazards?

Green movement
Base of operations
Facades
Access/egress
Building name/utilities

45

Who has the role to triage and predict collapse on a fire?

The person assigned to continually read the building (IC or Safety)

46

Triage can set the stage for predicting what?

Partial
Localized
And general collapse

47

What are the two questions asked in Joe's Triage BS?

When not to enter a Bldg
When to get out

48

In Chapter 10 fucktard decides to say how far a collapse zone should be for unreinforced masonry construction. It is now

3 times the height. Fucker