Chapter 10- Elections and Campaigns Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10- Elections and Campaigns Deck (19):
1

Blanket primary

A primary election in which each votor may vote for candidates from both parties

2

Closed primary

A primary election in which voting is limited to already registered party member members.

3

Coattails

The alleged tendency of candidates to win more votes in an election because of the presence at the top of the ticket of a better known candidate, such as the president.

4

General election

No election held to choose which candidate will hold office

5

Gerrymandering

Drawing the boundaries of legislative districts in the bizarre or unusual shapes to favor one party

6

Incumbent

The person already holding an elective office.

7

Independent expenditures

Spending by political action committees, corporations, or labor unions that his done to help a party or candidate but is done independently of them.

8

Malapportionment

Drawing the boundaries of legislative district so they are unequal in population.

9

Open primary

A primary election in which voters may choose which party to vote as they enter the polling place.

10

Political action committee (PAC)

A committee, set up by corporation, labor union, or interest group, that raises and spend campaign money from voluntary donations.

11

Position issue

In issue about which the public is divided and rival candidates or political parties adopt different policy positions.

12

Primary election

Election held to choose candidates for office.

13

Prospective voting

Voting for a candidate because you theater his or her ideas for handling issues.

14

Retrospective voting

Voting for a candidate because you like his or her past actions in office.

15

Runoff primary

A second primary election held when no candidate was a majority of the votes in the first primary.

16

Soft money

Buns obtained by political parties that I spent on party activities, such as get-out-the-vote drives, but not on behalf of a specific candidate

17

Sophomores surge

An increase in the votes can usually get when they first run for reelection

18

Valance issue

Issue about which the public is united and rival candidates or political parties adopt similar positions in hopes that each will be thought to best represent those widely shared beliefs.

19

527 Organization

Organizations that, under section 527 of The Internal Revenue Code, raise and spend money to advance political causes.