Chapter 9- Political Parties Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9- Political Parties Deck (19):
1

Congressional campaign committee

A party committee in Congress that provides funds to members and would be members

2

Critical or realignment period

Periods when a major, blasting shift occurs in the popular coalition supporting one or both parties

3

Ideal logical party

Party that values principles stands on issues above all else

4

Mugwumps (or progressive)

Republican Party function of the 1890s to the 1910s, compose the reformers who opposed patronage

5

National chairman

Day to day party manager elected by the national committee

6

National committee

Delegates to run party affairs between national conventions

7

National convention

A meeting of party delegates held every four years

8

Office-bloc ballot

A ballot listing all candidates of a given office under the same name of that office; also called a "Massachusetts" ballot

9

Party-column ballot

About how it listing all candidates of a given party together under the same name that party; "Indiana" ballot

10

Personal following

The political support provided to the candidate on the basis of personal popularity and networks

11

Plurality system

In elect oral system in which the winner is that person who gets the most votes, even if he or she does not receive a majority; used in almost all American elections

12

Political machine

A party organization that recruits members by dispensing patronage

13

Political party

A group that seeks to elect candidates to public office

14

Solitary incentives

The social rewards (sense of pleasure, status, or companionship) that lead people to join political organizations

15

Split ticket

Voting for candidates of different parties for various offices in the same election

16

Sponsored party

A local or state political party that is largely supported by another organization in the community

17

Superdelegates

Party leaders and what did officials will become delegates to the national convention without having to run primaries or caucuses

18

Two-party system

An electoral system with two dominant parties that compete in national elections

19

Caucus

A meeting of party members to select delegates backing one or another primary candidate