Chapter 3- Federalism Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 3- Federalism Deck (13):
1

Categorical Grants

Federal grants for specific purposes, such as building an airport

2

Conditions of aid

Term set by the national government that states must me if they are to receive certain federal funds

3

Dual federalism

Doctrine holding that the national government is supreme in its sphere, The states are supreme in theirs, and two spheres should be kept separate

4

Federalism

A political system in which their local (territorial, regional, state, or municipal) units of government, as well as the national government, and powers are shared between the local units and the national government

5

Grants-in-aid

Money given by the national government to states

6

Initiative

That says that permits voters to put legislative measures directly on the ballot

7

Mandates

Term set by the national government that states must meet whether or not they except federal grants

8

Nullification

The doctrine that a state can declare null and void Federal law that, in the states opinion, violets the constitution

9

Police power

State power to not laws promoting health, safety, and morals

10

Recall

Procedure whereby voters can remove an elected official from office

11

Referendum

Procedure enabling voters to reject a measure passed by the legislature

12

Waiver

A decision by and administrative agency granting some other part permission to violate a law or rule that would otherwise apply to it

13

"necessary and proper" clause

Section of the Constitution allowing Congress to pass all laws necessary and proper to its duties, in which has permitted Congress to exercise powers not specifically given to it by the constitution