Chapter 14- The Presidency Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 14- The Presidency Deck (15):
1

Unified Government

The same party controls the White House and both houses of Congress

2

Gridlock

The inability of the government to act because rival Artie's control different parts of the government

3

Electoral College

The people chosen to cast each state's votes in a presidential election. Each state cast one electoral vote for each senator and representative it has. The District of Columbia has three electoral votes, even though it cannot elect a representative or senator.

4

Bully pulpit

The presidents use of his prestige and visibility to guide or enthuse the American public.

5

Veto message

A message from the president to Congress stating that he will not sign a bill it has passed. Must be produced within 10 days before Congress adjourns.

6

Pocket veto

A bill fails to become law because the president did not sign it within 10 days before Congress adjourns it

7

Line-item veto

An executive's ability to block a particular provision in a bill passed by the legislature

8

Signing statement

A presidential document that reveals what the president thinks of a new law and how i ought to be enforced

9

Pyramid structure

A presidents subordinates report to him through a clear chain of command headed by a chief of staff

10

Circular structure

Several of the president's assistants report directly to him

11

Ad hoc structure

Several subordinates, cabinet officers, and committees report directly to the president on different matters.

12

Cabinet

The heads of 15 executive branch departments of the federal government

13

Legislative veto

The authority of Congress to block a presidential action after it has taken place. The Supreme Court has held that Congress does not have this power.

14

Impeachment

Charges against a president approved by a majority of the House of Representatives

15

Divided Government

One party controls the White House and another party controls one or both houses of Congress