Flashcards in Chapter 2- Constitution Deck (25):
Those who favored a weaker national government
Articles of confederation
A weak constitution that governed America during and immediately after the revolutionary war
Bill of attainder
A law that declares a person, without trial, to be guilty of a crime.
Bill of rights
The first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution.
Checks and balances
The power of the legislative executive and judicial branches of government to blocks some acts by the other two branches.
An alliance of factions.
Powers shared by the national and state governments.
Meeting in Philadelphia in 1787 that produced a new constitution.
Powers given to the national government alone.
Ex post facto law
A law that makes an act criminal although the act was legal when it was committed.
A group with a distinct political interest.
Government authority shared by national and state governments.
Those who favor a stronger national government.
Plan to have popularly elected house based on State population and a state-selected senate, with two members for each state.
An order to produce an arrested person before a judge.
The power of the courts to declare laws unconstitutional.
And executives ability to block a particular provision in a bill passed by the legislature.
New Jersey plan
Proposal to create a weak national government.
A government in which elected representatives make the decisions.
Powers given to the state governments alone.
Separation of powers
Constitutional authority is shared by three different branches of government.
A 1787 rebellion in which ex-Revolutionary War soldiers attempted to prevent foreclosure of farms as a result of high interest rates and taxes.
A human right based on nature or God.
Proposal to create a strong national government.