Chapter 2- Constitution Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 2- Constitution Deck (25):
1

Anti-federalists

Those who favored a weaker national government

2

Articles of confederation

A weak constitution that governed America during and immediately after the revolutionary war

3

Bill of attainder

A law that declares a person, without trial, to be guilty of a crime.

4

Bill of rights

The first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution.

5

Checks and balances

The power of the legislative executive and judicial branches of government to blocks some acts by the other two branches.

6

Coalition

An alliance of factions.

7

Concurrent powers

Powers shared by the national and state governments.

8

Constitutional convention

Meeting in Philadelphia in 1787 that produced a new constitution.

9

Enumerated Powers

Powers given to the national government alone.

10

Ex post facto law

A law that makes an act criminal although the act was legal when it was committed.

11

Faction

A group with a distinct political interest.

12

Federalism

Government authority shared by national and state governments.

13

Federalists

Those who favor a stronger national government.

14

Great compromise

Plan to have popularly elected house based on State population and a state-selected senate, with two members for each state.

15

Habeas Corpus

An order to produce an arrested person before a judge.

16

Judicial review

The power of the courts to declare laws unconstitutional.

17

Line-item veto

And executives ability to block a particular provision in a bill passed by the legislature.

18

New Jersey plan

Proposal to create a weak national government.

19

Republic

A government in which elected representatives make the decisions.

20

Reserved powers

Powers given to the state governments alone.

21

Separation of powers

Constitutional authority is shared by three different branches of government.

22

Shay's Rebellion

A 1787 rebellion in which ex-Revolutionary War soldiers attempted to prevent foreclosure of farms as a result of high interest rates and taxes.

23

Unalienable

A human right based on nature or God.

24

Virginia plan

Proposal to create a strong national government.

25

Amendment

A new provision in the Constitution that has been ratified by the states