Chapter 10: Musculoskeletal System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10: Musculoskeletal System Deck (51)
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1

articulation

joint; place of union between two or more bones

2

hematopoiesis

production of blood; performed by bone marrow

3

ligaments

connective tissue that connects bone to bone

4

tendons

connective tissue binds muscle to bone; muscle contracts by the tendon, the bone joint provides movement

5

skeletal muscle

attached to bones and provide movement; VOLUNTARY

6

smooth muscle

assists in internal processes like digestion, circulation, and urination; INVOLUNTARY

7

cardiac muscle

only in the heart wall; INVOLUNTARY

8

bones are held together by?

ligaments

9

bones store?

calcium and other minerals

10

diaphysis

long main portion of the bone; "shaft"

11

distal and proximal epiphysis

two ends of the bone

12

what are the three types of muscles ?

skeletal, smooth, cardiac

13

smooth muscle voluntary or involuntary?

involuntary

14

what are the four types of bones?

short, long, flat, irregular

15

All combining forms end in what letter?

o except for pelvis it can end in I or o

16

inflammation of ribs and cartilage

cost/o/chondr/itis

17

act of measuring the pelvis

pelv/I/metry

18

malignant tumor of connective tissue and muscle

my/o/sarcoma

19

cell that breaks down bone

oste/o/clast

20

inflammation around the bone

peri/oste/itis

21

pertaining to under or below the ribs

sub/cost/al

22

pertaining to the sternum (breastbone) and ribs

stem/o/cost/al

23

pain in the calcaneum (heel bone)

calcane/o/dynia

24

porous bone

osteo/o/porosis

25

tumor composed of muscle

my/oma

26

binding, fixation, of a bone or joint

arthr/o/desis

27

rupture of muscle

my/o/rrhexis

28

abnormal condition of being stiff, bent, or crooked

ankyl/osis

29

weakness or debility of muscle

my/asthenia

30

softening of cartilage

chondr/o/malacia