Medical Terminology Chapter 1 & 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Medical Terminology Chapter 1 & 2 Deck (94)
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1

is the foundation of a medical term and contains it primary meaning

Word Root

2

is created when a word root is combined with a vowel

Combining Form

3

a word element placed at the end of a word that alters its meaning

Suffix

4

a word element attached to the beginning of a word or word root

Prefix

5

the word root in medical terms are in what two languages?

Latin or Greek

6

what is the vowel known as the combining vowel?

o

7

what does the suffix describe?

a pathology (disease or abnormality), symptom, surgical or diagnostic procedure or part of speech

8

what do prefixes indicate ?

a number, time, position, direction or negation

9

how should you define medical terms?

last thing first, first thing second, middle at the end

10

ITIS

inflammation

11

MEGALY

enlargement

12

OMA

tumor

13

CYTE

cell

14

HYPER

above normal, excessive

15

What are the four types of suffixes?

surgical
diagnostic, pathological, and related
grammatical and diminutive
singular and plural

16

Surgical suffixes describe what ?

a type of invasive procedure performed on a body part

17

ECTOMY

excision removal (surgical suffix)

18

CENTESIS

surgical puncture (surgical suffix)

19

TRIPSY

crushing (surgical suffix)

20

LYSIS

separation; destruction; loosening (surgical suffix)

21

CLASIS

to break; surgical fracture (surgical suffix)

22

PEXY

fixation of an organ (surgical suffix)

23

RRHAPHY

suture (surgical suffix)

24

PLASTY

surgical repair (surgical suffix)

25

STOMY

forming an opening (surgical suffix)

26

DESIS

binding; fixation of a bone or joint (surgical suffix)

27

TOME

INSTRUMENT to cut with

28

OSTEOTOME

instrument to cut bone

29

TOMY

incision (surgical suffix)

30

TRACHEOOMY

incision of the trachea