Flashcards in Medical Terminoogy Chapter 6: Digestive System Deck (54)
what is the structure of the digestive system?
oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestines, large intestines
what are the accessory organs of the digestive system?
liver, gallbladder, pancreas
what is the function of the digestive system?
breaks down food; prepares food for absorption and eliminates waste substances
what is the oral cavity and what is its function?
first part of the digestive system and where the mechanical chewing happens
name the three parts of the small and describe their location?
duodenum, first segment; jejunum, second segment; ileum, third segment
name the first four sections of the colon?
ascending, transverse, descending, and sigmoid
describe the shape, location and function of the pancreas?
long, flattened organ; inferior to the stomach; produces digestive enzymes and insulin
describe the location and main function of the gallbladder?
inferior surface of the liver; stores the bile
combining form for gums
discharge or flow through:
without an appetite:
swallowing, eating (that is) painful or difficult
after a meal:
pertaining to under or below the tongue:
visual examination within or in (an organ):
Postprandial hyperglycemia :
An exaggerated rise in blood sugar following a meal.
Tumor of the pancreas:
instrument for examining the stomach:
enlargement of the liver:
disease of the intestine (usually the small intestine):
inflammation of the gums:
inflammation of the appendix
appendectomy; surgery within 48 hours to avoid fecal matter released into peritoneal cavity
Mr. R., a smoker and heavy drinker, complains of dysphagia for the past 4 months. After various tests, he is diagnosed with cancer of the
The physician informs Ms. J. that her appendicitis may be the result of an obstruction or infection caused by a hard mass of fecal matter. This type of mass is diagnosed as a
acute inflammation of diverticulae
Ms. O.’s radiograph shows pouchlike herniations through the muscular layer of her colon. These small, blisterlike pockets are diagnosed as
The nurse charts Mr. J.’s complaint of extreme constipation as