Medical Terminoogy Chapter 6: Digestive System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Medical Terminoogy Chapter 6: Digestive System Deck (54)
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1

what is the structure of the digestive system?

oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestines, large intestines

2

what are the accessory organs of the digestive system?

liver, gallbladder, pancreas

3

what is the function of the digestive system?

breaks down food; prepares food for absorption and eliminates waste substances

4

what is the oral cavity and what is its function?

first part of the digestive system and where the mechanical chewing happens

5

name the three parts of the small and describe their location?

duodenum, first segment; jejunum, second segment; ileum, third segment

6

name the first four sections of the colon?

ascending, transverse, descending, and sigmoid

7

describe the shape, location and function of the pancreas?

long, flattened organ; inferior to the stomach; produces digestive enzymes and insulin

8

describe the location and main function of the gallbladder?

inferior surface of the liver; stores the bile

9

combining form for gums

gingiv/o

10

discharge or flow through:

diarrhea

11

without an appetite:

anorexia

12

swallowing, eating (that is) painful or difficult

dysphagia

13

after a meal:

post/prandial

14

pertaining to under or below the tongue:

sub/lingu/al

15

visual examination within or in (an organ):

endoscopy

16

Postprandial hyperglycemia :

An exaggerated rise in blood sugar following a meal.

17

vomiting blood:

hemat/emesis

18

Tumor of the pancreas:

pancreat/oma

19

instrument for examining the stomach:

gastroscope

20

enlargement of the liver:

hepatomegaly

21

disease of the intestine (usually the small intestine):

enteropathy

22

inflammation of the gums:

gingivitis

23

appendicitis:

inflammation of the appendix

24

appendicitis treatment?

appendectomy; surgery within 48 hours to avoid fecal matter released into peritoneal cavity

25

Mr. R., a smoker and heavy drinker, complains of dysphagia for the past 4 months. After various tests, he is diagnosed with cancer of the

esophagus

26

The physician informs Ms. J. that her appendicitis may be the result of an obstruction or infection caused by a hard mass of fecal matter. This type of mass is diagnosed as a

fecalith

27

diverticulitis:

acute inflammation of diverticulae

28

Ms. O.’s radiograph shows pouchlike herniations through the muscular layer of her colon. These small, blisterlike pockets are diagnosed as

diverticulae

29

The nurse charts Mr. J.’s complaint of extreme constipation as

obstipation

30

Cholelithiasis and choledocholithiasis

Formation or presence of gallstones within the gallbladder or bile ducts