Chapter 10 - Physiology & Histology of the Skin Flashcards Preview

MiLady Fundamentals > Chapter 10 - Physiology & Histology of the Skin > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 10 - Physiology & Histology of the Skin Deck (57)
Loading flashcards...
1

The study of the structure and composition of the skin tissue

Skin histology

2

The basic material and building blocks for our body's tissues

Proteins

3

Attributes of healthy skin

Somewhat acidic

4

The skins mechanism that protects us from irritation and intercellular transepidermal water loss

Barrier function

5

How does the body NOT thermoregulate?

Absorption

6

The outermost later of the skin

Epidermis

7

The bottom layer of the epidermis

Stratum germinativum

8

Fiberous protein that provides resiliency and protection to the skin

Keratin

9

What is the average cell turnover rate

28 days

10

What is know as the granular layer

Stratum granulosum

11

Protects the body from infections by identifying foreign material (antigens)

Langerhans immune cells

12

What stimulates melanin production

Sunlight/UV

13

What color is eumelanin

Dark brown to black

14

Fibrous protein that forms elastic tissue and gives skin its elasticity

Elastin

15

Denser deeper layer of the dermis

Reticular layer

16

What percentage of keratin does hair contain

90%

17

What glands secrete oil

Sebaceous glands

18

White blood cells that have enzymes to digest and kill bacteria and parasites

Leukocytes

19

What do lymphs not do

Supply nutrients

20

What rays are know as burning rays

UVB

21

Take electrons from compounds in the body such as proteins, lipids, or DNA

Free radicals

22

What is a result of tobacco on the skin

Contraction of blood vessels

23

Dilation is the capillary walls

Telangiectasia

24

Chronic vascular disorder characterized by couperose veins and congestion of the skin

Rosacea

25

What is phytoestrogen

Estrogen from plants

26

Largest organ of the body

Skin

27

Protective barrier made up of sebum, lipids, sweat, and water

Acid mantle

28

Fluid between epidermal cells

Intercellular matrix

29

Cell stimulators

Fibroblasts

30

Attached to the hair follicles contract and cause goosebumps

Arrector pili muscle