Chapter 6 - General Anatomy And Physiology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 6 - General Anatomy And Physiology Deck (55)
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1

Study of the functions and activities performed by the body structures

Physiology

2

Chemical process that takes place in living organisms through which cells are nourished and carry out their activities

Metabolism

3

What type of tissue gives smoothness and contour to the body

Adipose tissue

4

What type of tissue is composed of neurons?

Nerve tissue

5

What is NOT a function of the skeletal system?

Contracting and moving parts of the body

6

The skeletal system stores most of the bodies what?

Calcium

7

The connection between two or more bones of the skeleton

Joint

8

What bone is also known as the collarbone?

Clavicle

9

Forms the bridge of the nose

Nasal bone

10

Forms the prominence of the cheeks

Zygomatic

11

Forms the upper jaw

Maxillary

12

Thin layer of spongy bone on the outer wall of the nasal depression

Turbinal

13

Flat, thin bone that forms part of the nasal septum

Vomer

14

Forms the hard palate of the mouth

Palatine

15

Muscles that function automatically without conscious will

Nonstriated muscles

16

The part of the muscle which is the movable attachment and farthest from the skeleton?

Insertion

17

Large triangular muscle covering the shoulder joint that allows the arm to extend outward and to the side of the body

Deltoid

18

Muscle that draws a body part inward toward the median axis of the body or of an extremity

Adductor

19

Muscle that draws a body part away from the midline of the body or of an extremity

Abductor

20

What part of the nervous system controls the involuntary muscles?

Autonomic nervous system

21

What makes up the bulk of the brain?

Cerebrum

22

Whitish cords made up of fibers held together by connective tissue, through which impulses are transmitted

Nerves

23

Automatic nerve reaction to a stimulus

Reflex

24

Muscular, cone-shaped organ that keeps the blood moving within the circulatory system

Heart

25

Sends the blood from the heart to the lungs to be oxygenated

Pulmonary circulation

26

Carries the oxygenated blood from the heart throughout the body and back to the heart again

Systemic circulation

27

What is the last part of the heart through which blood travels before exiting to all parts of the body?

Left ventricle

28

What color is the blood found in nearly all veins of the body?

Dark red

29

What artery supplies blood to the forehead and upper eyelids?

Frontal artery

30

Colorless, watery fluid derived from blood plasma as a result of filtration through the capillary walls into the tissue spaces

Lymph