Chapter 11 - Disorders & Diseases Of The Skin Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11 - Disorders & Diseases Of The Skin Deck (48)
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1

What involves the blood or circulatory system?

Vascular lesions

2

Lesions in the early stages of development or change

Primary lesions

3

A large blister containing watery fluid

Bullas

4

A closed, abnormally developed sac containing fluid, infection, or other matter above or below the skin

Cyst

5

Tumors, smaller bumps caused by conditions such as scar tissue, fatty deposits, or infections

Nodules

6

A small elevation on the skin that contains no fluid

Papule

7

An inflamed papule with a white or yellow center containing pus

Pustule

8

A small blister or sac containing clear fluid

Vesicle

9

Itchy, swollen lesion cause by a blow, insect bite, skin allergy reaction, or sting

Wheal

10

Develop in the later stages of disease and change the structure of tissues and organs

Secondary lesions

11

Dead cells formed over a wound or blemish while it is healing, resulting in an accumulation of sebum and pus

Crust

12

A disorder where clients purposely scrape off acne lesions, causing scarring and discoloration

Acne excoriee

13

A crack in the skin that may penetrate into the dermis

Fissure

14

A thick scar resulting from excessive growth of fibrous tissue

Keloid

15

Excessive shedding of dead skin cells, flaky skin cells

Scale

16

An open lesion on the skin or mucous membrane of the body, accompanied by pus and loss of skin depth

Ulcer

17

A boil

Furuncle

18

A sebaceous cyst or subcutaneous tumor filled with sebum, usually appears on the scalp, neck, and back

Steatoma

19

Also called prickly heat

Miliaria rubra

20

Known for allergies to red dyes

Contact dermatitis

21

Itchy feeling that often accompanies contact dermatitis

Histamines

22

The biggest external cause of pigmentation disorders

Sun exposure

23

Also known as liver spots

Chloasma

24

Lentigenes that result from sunlight exposure are liver spots called what?

Actinic lentigenes

25

Triggered by hormonal changes, associated with the color brown

Melasma

26

A malformation of the skin from abnormal pigmentation or dilated capillaries, birthmark

Nevus

27

A change in pigmentation due to melanin production as a defense against UV radiation that damages skin

Tan

28

Lack of melanin pigment in the body

Albinism

29

Loss of pigmentation

Leukoderma

30

Thickening of skin

Hyper keratosis