Chapter 9 - Basics Of Nutrition Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9 - Basics Of Nutrition Deck (46)
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1

Substance that provides energy to cells and converts oxygen to carbon dioxide

Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)

2

Organic acids that form the building blocks of protein

Amino acids

3

These break down the basic chemical sugars that supply energy for the body

Carbohydrates

4

Condition in which blood glucose or blood sugar drops too low

Hypoglycemia

5

Carbohydrate-lipid complexes that are good water binders

Mucopolysaccarides

6

These can be synthesized by the body and do not have to be in our diet

Nonessential amino acids

7

Water-binding substances found between the fibers of the dermis

Glycosaminoglycans

8

The three basic food groups that make up the largest part of the nutrition we eat

Macronutrients

9

Sometimes referred to as vitamin P, this is considered an aid in absorption of vitamin C

Bioflavonoid

10

Vitamin A derivative that has demonstrated an ability to alter collagen synthesis and is used to treat acne and visible signs of aging

Retinoic acid

11

Antioxidant that aids in the functioning and repair of skin cells

Vitamin C

12

Inorganic materials required for many reactions of the cells and body

Minerals

13

This can be synthesized from cholesterol when the body is exposed to sunlight

Vitamin D

14

Tocopherol; helps protect the skin from free radicals

Vitamin E

15

Water soluble vitamins that interact with other water soluble vitamins and act as coenzymes by facilitating enzymatic reactions

B Vitamins

16

What government agency regulates nutrition related affairs

USDA

17

What are the five basic categories of my plate?

Grains, vegetables, dairy, fruits, and protein

18

Anemia, low resistance to infection, and organ impairment are examples of what

Protein deficiency

19

Where is glucose stored

Muscles and liver

20

Choose foods that are what

High in nutrients and low in calories

21

The recommended intake of fat is what

26%

22

How many common amino acids

20

23

Combinations of two incomplete proteins that together provide all the essential amino acids and make a complete protein

Complementary foods

24

Fructose is an example of

Monosaccharide

25

Lactose and sucrose

Disaccharide

26

Starch and fiber

Polysaccharide

27

Two types of fiber

Soluble and insoluble

28

What does omega 6 do

Maintain the lipid barrier of the skin

29

What does omega 3 do

Reduces the chance of clogged and hardened arteries

30

Waxy substance found in your body that is needed to produce hormones, vitamin D, and bile

Cholesterol