Chapter 13 - Skin Care Products Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 13 - Skin Care Products Deck (54)
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1

Ingredients in products that do the actual work of cleansing, normalizing, moisturizing, or otherwise treating the skin

Performance ingredients

2

Articles that are intended to be rubbed, poured, sprinkled or otherwise applied to the human body or any part thereof for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance

Cosmetics

3

Allow products to spread, give them body and texture, and give them a specific form such as a lotion, cream, or gel

Functional ingredients

4

Products that do not contain any water

Anhydrous

5

Fatty materials derived from oils or fats used to lubricate and moisturize the skin

Emollients

6

Come from the earth, specifically from petroleum sources

Mineral oil

7

Can be used with no added preservatives because they do not harbor bacteria or other organisms

Mineral oil and petrolatum

8

Lubricant ingredients derive from plant oils or animal fats

Fatty acids

9

Fatty acids that have been exposed to hydrogen

Fatty alcohols

10

Fatty acids that have a wax like consistency

Fatty alcohols

11

Produced from combining fatty acids and fatty alcohols

Fatty esters

12

A group of oil's that are chemically combined with silicone and oxygen and leave a noncomedogenic protective film on the surface of the skin

Silicones

13

Soaps and or detergents that clean the skin

Cleansers

14

T/F without emulsifiers, oil and water would separate into layers

True

15

Materials that are compatible with oil

Oil soluble

16

Substances that are mixable with water

Water soluble

17

Synthetic, and organic, and are known as metal salts

Certified colors

18

Organic carbon-based compounds from animal or plant extracts and can also be natural mineral pigments

Non certified colors

19

Insoluble pigments made by combining a dye with an inorganic material and are commonly used in colorful cosmetics

Lakes

20

Do not require certification such as zinc oxide

Exempt colors

21

Chamomile, licorice, azulene, and aloe

Healing agents

22

Used to improve hydration, plumpness, and smoothness of the skin

Lipids

23

Mechanical and chemical ingredients that exfoliate the skin

Exfoliants

24

Spreading agents and carrying bases necessary to the formulation of a cosmetic

Vehicles

25

Closed lipid bilayer spheres that encapsulate ingredients, target their delivery to specific areas of the skin, and control their release

Liposomes

26

Chemical compounds formed by a number of small molecules

Polymers

27

Derived from yeast cells, anti-inflammatory and moisturizing ingredients

Tissue respiratory factor

28

T/F skin contains its own natural EGF

True

29

Chains of amino acids used in skin care products to produce changes in the skins appearance

Peptides

30

Another yeast cell derivative, have been found to enhance immune response in cellular metabolism, which boosts oxygen uptake in the cell

Glycoproteins