Chapter 10 (skin) Part 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10 (skin) Part 2 Deck (99):
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Dermatomycosis

Abnormal skin condition caused by superficial fungus
Aka dermatophytosis

1

Dermatophytes

Superficial fungi that are found on the skin
Ex. Fungus that causes ringworm

2

Dermatosis

Abnormal skin condition
Plural is dermatoses

3

Discoid lupus erythematosus

Canine autoimmune disease in which the bridge of the most exhibit depigmentation, erythema, scaling, and erosions

4

Dyskeratosis

Abnormal alteration in keratinization

5

Ecchymosis

Purplish nonelevated patch of bleeding into the skin
Aka a bruise
Plural is ecchymoses

6

Ecthyma

Skin infection with shallow eruptions caused by a pox virus
Aka soremouth

7

Eczema

General term for inflammatory skin disease characterized by erythema, papules, vesicles, crusts, and scabs either alone or in combination

8

Eosinophilic granuloma complex

Autoimmune lesion of eosinophilic ulcer, eosinophilic plague, and linear granuloma found in cats and rarely in dogs

9

Eosinophilic ulcer or rodent ulcer

Located on lip and oral mucosa of cats

10

Eosinophilic plaques

Raised pruitic lesions on the ventral abdomen of cats

11

Linear granulomas

Located in a line usually on the causal aspect of the hindlimb of cats

12

Erythema

Skin redness

13

Erythematous

Pertaining to redness

14

Erythroderma

Abnormal redness of skin occurring over a widespread area

15

Exanthema

Cutaneous rash caused by fever or disease
Singular is exanthem

16

Feline miliary dermatitis

Skin disease if cats in which multiple crusts and bumps are present predominantly on the dorsum

17

Fissure

Crack like sore

18

Fistula

Abnormal passage from an internal organ to the body surface or between two internal organs
Plural is fistulae

19

Flea allergy dermatitis

Inflammation if the skin caused by an allergic reaction to flea saliva

20

Allergen

Substance that produces an allergic response

21

Footrot

Bacterial hoof disease that spreads from the interdigital skin to the deeper foot structures

22

Frostbite

Tissue damage caused by extreme coke or contact with chemicals with extreme temperature

23

Furyncle

Localized skin infection in a gland or hair follicle
Aka boil

24

Furynculosis

Abnormal condition of persistent boils over a period of time

25

Gangrene

Necrosis associated with loss of circulation

26

Necrosis

Condition of dead tissue

27

Necrotic

Pertaining to dead tissue

28

Putrefaction

Decay that produces a foul smell

29

Granuloma

Small area of healing tissue

30

Hemangioma

Benign tumor composed of newly formed blood vessels

31

Hyperkeratosis

Increased growth of the horny layer of the skin
Aka acanthokeratodermia

32

Infestations

Occupation and dwelling of a parasite on the external surface of tissue

33

Ectoparasites

Live on the external surface

34

Ecto-

Outside

35

Louse

Wingless parasite insect
Plural is lice

36

Pediculosis

Live infestation

37

Mite

Insect with a hard exoskeleton and paired, jointed legs

38

Mange

Common term for skin disease caused by mites

39

Chiggers

Infestation by mite larvae that results in severe pruritus

40

Acariasis

Infestation with ticks or mites

41

Maggots

Insect larvae found especially in dead or decaying tissue

42

Myiasis

Infestation by fly larvae

43

Keratosis

Abnormal condition of epidermal overgrowth and thickening
Plural is keratoses

44

Laceration

Accidental cut into the skin

45

Lesion

Pathologic change of tissue, used to describe abnormalities in many locations

46

Lipoma

Benign growth of fat cells
Aka fatty tumor
Commonly seen in older dogs

47

Macule

Flat, discolor we lesion less than 1 cm in diameter
Aka macula

48

Melanoma

Tumor or growth of pigmented skin cells

49

Migrant melanoma

Used to describe cancer of pigmented skin cells

50

Amelanotic melanoma

An unpigmented malignant melanoma

51

Nodule

Small knot protruding above the skin

52

Onychomycosis

Superficial fungal infection of the claw

53

Papule

Small solid raised lesion that is less than 0.5 cm in diameter

54

Macule

Flat discolored lesion that is less than 1 cm in diameter

55

Scale

A flaking or dry patch made up of excess dead epidermal cells

56

Wheal

A smooth, slightly elevated swollen area that is redder or paler than the surrounding skin
Usually accompanied by itching

57

Plaque

A solid raised lesion that is greater than 0.5 cm in diameter

58

Patch

A flat discolored lesion that is greater than 1 cm in diameter

59

Crust

A collection of dried serum and cellular debris

60

Cyst

A closed sac or pouch containing fluid or semisolid material

61

Vesicle

A circumscribed elevation of skin containing fluid that is less than 0.5 cm in diameter

62

Pustule

A small circumscribed elevation of the skin containing pus

63

Bulla

A large vesicle that is more than 0.5 cm in diameter

64

Ulcer

An open sore or erosion of the skin or mucous membrane resulting in tissue loss

65

Fissure

A groove or crack like sore

66

Pallor

Skin paleness

67

Papilloma

Benign epithelial growth that is lobed

68

Papule

Small, raised skin lesion less than 0.5 cm in diameter

69

Parakeratosis

Lesion characterized by thick scales, cracking, ad red raw surface caused by the persistence of keratinocyte nuclei in the horny layer of the skin

70

Paronychia

Bacterial or viral infection of the claw

71

Patch

Localized skin color change greater than 1 cm in diameter

72

Pemphigus

Group of immune medicated skin diseases characterized by vesicles, bullae, and ulcers

73

Pemphigus vulgaris

Consists of shallow ulceration a frequently involving the oral mucosa and mucocutaneus junctions

74

Petechiae

Small, pinpoint hemorrhages
Singular is petechia

75

Plaque

Solid raised lesion greater than 0.5 cm in diameter

76

Polyp

Growth from mucous membranes

77

Pruritus

Itching

78

Purpura

Condition characterized by hemorrhage into the skin that causes bruising

79

Pus

Inflammatory product made up of leukocytes, cell debris, and fluid

80

Purulent

Containing or producing pus

81

Puppy pyoderma

Skin disease in puppies characterized by pus containing lesions

82

Juvenile pyoderma

Skin disease in puppies that progresses to a systemic disease characterized by fever, anorexia, and enlarged and abscessing lymph nodes
Also called puppy strangles

83

Sarcoma

Malignant neoplasm of soft tissue arising from connective tissue

84

Scar

Mark left by a healing lesion where excess collagen was produced to replace injured tissue
Multiple are cicatrix or cicatrices

85

Sebaceous cyst

Closed sac of yellow fatty material

86

Cyst

Closed sac containing fluid or semisolid material

87

Seborrhea

Skin condition characterized by overproduction of sebum

88

Skin tag

Small growth that hangs from the body by stalks

89

Ulcer

Erosion of skin or mucous membrane

90

Decubital ulcers

Erosions of skin or mucous membranes as a result of prolonged pressure
Aka bedsores

91

Urticaria

Localized areas of swelling that itch
Aka hives

92

Verrucae

Warts

93

Vesicle

Contained skin elevation filled with fluid that is greater than 0.5 cm in diameter
Aka blister, bulla, bleb

94

Cauterization

Destruction of tissue using electric current, heat, or chemicals

95

Cryosurgery

Destruction if tissue using extreme cold

96

Debridement

Removal of tissue and foreign material to aid healing

97

Lance

To open or pierce with a lancet to allow drainage

98

Laser

Device that transfers light into an intense beam for various purposes