Chapter 4 Equine Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 4 Equine Deck (31):
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Bars

Raised V shaped structure on distal surface of hoof

1

Cannon bone

Third metacarpal or metatarsal of horse
Aka shin bone

2

Chestnuts

Horny, irregular growths on medial surface of leg

3

Corners

Third incisors of equine

4

Coronary band

Junction between the skin and the horn of the hoof
Aka coronet

5

Crest

Root of the mane

6

Croup

Muscular area around and above the tail base

7

Cutters

Second incisors of equine

8

Dock

Solid part of the equine tail

9

Elbow

Forelimb joint formed by distal humerus, proximal radius, and proximal ulna

10

Ergot

Small keratinized mass of horn in a small bunch of hair on palmar or plantar aspects if equine fetlock

11

Fetlock

Area of limb between Pasternak and cannon

12

Fetlock joint

Joint between cannon bone and long Pastern bone

13

Flank

Side of the body between the ribs and ilium

14

Forelock

Most cranial part of the mane hanging down between ears and onto forehead

15

Gaskin

Muscular portion of the hindlimb between the stifle and hock
Aka crus

16

Heart girth

Circumference of the chest just caudal to the shoulders and cranial to back

17

Heel

Caudal region of hoof that has an area of soft tissue called the bulb

18

Hock

Tarsal joint

19

Knee

Carpus in ungulates

20

Loin

Lumbar region I back between thorax and pelvis

21

Nippers

Central incisors of equine

22

Para lumbar fossa

Hollow area of flank whose boundaries are the transverse processes of lumbar vertebrae, last rib, and thigh muscles

23

Poll

Top of head, occiput, nuchal crest

24

Quarter

Lateral or medial side of hoof

25

Tail head

Base of the tail where it connects to the body

26

Teat

Nipple of mammary gland

27

Toe

Cranial side of hoof

28

Udder

Mammary gland

29

White line

Fusion between wall and some of hoof

30

Withers

Region over sprain where neck joins thorax an where the dorsal margins of the scapula lie just below skin