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Flashcards in Chapter One Deck (152):
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Ab-

Away from

1

Uria

Urination

2

Abduction

Take away from the midline

3

Emetic

Pertaining to vomiting

4

Dys-

Difficult, painful, or bad

5

Dysphagia

Difficulty eating or swallowing

6

Endo-

Within or inside

7

Endocrine

Secrete internally

8

Endoparasite

Organism that lives within the body of the host

9

Hyper-

Elevated, higher, or more than normal

10

Hyperglycemia

Elevated amounts of blood glucose

11

Inter-

Between

12

Intercostal

Between the ribs

13

Poly-

Many or excessive

14

Polyuria

Excessive amount or frequency of urination

15

Pre-

Before

16

Preanesthetic

Pertaining to before anesthesia

17

Sub-

Below, under, or less

18

Sublingual

Under the tongue

19

A-

Without or no

20

Atraumatic

Without injury

21

An-

Without or no

22

Anuria

Absence of urine

23

Ad-

Toward

24

Adduction

Move toward the midline

25

Anti-

Against

26

Antiemetics

Work against or prevent vomiting

27

Eu-

Good, easy, or normal

28

Euthyroid

Having a normally functioning thyroid gland

29

Ex-

Without, out of, outside, or away from

30

Exo-

Without, out of, outside, or away from

31

Exocrine

To secrete externally

32

Ecto-

Outside

33

Ectoparasite

An organism that lives on the outer surface of the host

34

Hypo-

Depressed, lower, or less than normal

35

Hypoglycemia

Depressed amounts of blood glucose

36

Intra-

Within

37

Intramuscular

Within the muscle

38

Oligo-

Scant or little

39

Oliguria

Scant amount or frequency of urination

40

Post-

After

41

Postanesthetic

Pertaining to after anesthesia

42

Super-

Above, beyond, or excessive

43

Supra-

Above, beyond, excessive

44

Supernumerary

More than the regular number

45

Suprascapular

Above the shoulder blade

46

Preoperative

Before or preceding an operation

47

Peri-

Around

48

Perioperative

Pertaining to the period around an operation

49

Postoperative

After an operation

50

Epi-

Upper

51

Extra-

Outside

52

Infra-

Below or beneath

53

Meta-

Beyond

54

Per-

Throughout

55

Trans-

Across

56

Ultra-

Above, increased, or more than normal

57

Arthroscope

Instrument used to visually examine the joint

58

Gastritis

Inflammation of the stomach

59

Gastr/o

Stomach

60

Enter/o

Small intestine

61

Pan-

All

62

Leuk/o

White

63

-penia

Deficiency or reduction in number

64

Panleukopenia

Deficiency of all types of white blood cells

65

-tomy

Cutting into or incision

66

Gastrotomy

Incision into the stomach

67

-stomy

Surgically created opening

68

Gastrostomy

Surgically created opening between the stomach and the body surface

69

-ectomy

Surgical removal or excision

70

Gastrectomy

Surgical removal of the stomach

71

Cardiac

Pertaining to the heart

72

Renal

Pertaining to the kidney

73

Ovarian

Pertaining to the ovary

74

Lumbar

Pertaining to the loin, lower back

75

Alimentary

Pertaining to the gastrointestinal tract

76

Laryngeal

Pertaining to the larynx

77

Enteric

Pertaining to the intestines

78

Uterine

Pertaining to the uterus

79

Cutaneous

Pertaining to the skin

80

Nephrotic

Pertaining to the kidneys

81

Mastectomy

Surgical removal of the breast or mammary glands

82

-pexy

Suture to stabilize

83

Gastropexy

Surgically stabilizing the stomach to the abdominal wall

84

-plasty

Surgical repair

85

Rhinoplasty

Surgical repair of the nose

86

-stomy

Surgically created opening

87

Colostomy

Surgically created oping between the colon and body surface

88

Laparotomy

Incision into the abdomen

89

-centesis

Surgical puncture to remove fluid or gas

90

Cystocentesis

Surgical puncture of the urinary bladder with a needle to remove fluid

91

-gram

Record of

92

Electrocardiogram

The electrocardiographic hard copy record

93

-graph

Instrument that records

94

Electrocardiograph

Machine that records the electrical activity of the heart

95

-graphy

Procedure that records

96

Electrocardiography

Procedure used to record the electrical activity of the heart

97

-lysis

Separation or breakdown

98

Urinalysis

Separation of the urine into its constituents

99

-scope

Instrument to visually examine

100

Endoscope

Instrument used to visually examine inside the body

101

-scopy

Procedure to visually examine

102

Endoscopy

Procedure of visually examining inside the body

103

-therapy

Treatment

104

Chemotherapy

Treatment with chemical substances or drugs

105

-rrhagia

Bursting forth

106

-rrhage

Bursting forth

107

Hemorrhage

Bursting forth of blood from the vessels

108

-rrhaphy

To suture

109

Enterorrhaphy

Suturing of the intestines

110

-rrhea

Flow or discharge

111

Myorrhexis

Rupture of the muscle

112

-algia

Pain

113

-Dynia

Pain

114

Arthralgia

Joint pain

115

Arthrodynia

Joint pain

116

-itis

Inflammation

117

Hepatitis

Inflammation of the liver

118

-malacia

Abnormal softening

119

Osteomalacia

Abnormal softening of the bone

120

-megaly

Enlargement

121

Cardiomegaly

Enlargement of the heart

122

-osis

Abnormal condition

123

Cardiosis

Abnormal condition of the heart

124

-pathy

Disease

125

Enteropathy

Disease of the small intestine

126

-sclerosis

Abnormal hardening

127

Arteriosclerosis

Abnormal hardening of the arteries

128

-um

Structure

129

Pericardium

Structure surrounding the heart

130

Cyan-

Blue

131

Cyanosis

Blue discoloration

132

Cyanotic

Pertaining to blue discoloration

133

Anemia

Blood condition of deficient red blood cells and/or hemoglobin

134

Anemic

Pertaining to a blood condition if deficient red blood cells and/or hemoglobin

135

Mucus

Slime like substance that is composed if glandular secretion, salts, cells, and leukocytes

136

Mucous

Pertaining to mucus

137

Ilium

Part of the hip

138

Iliac

Pertaining to the hip

139

Condyle

Rounded projection on a bone

140

Condylar

Pertaining to a rounded projection on a bone

141

Carpus

Joint between the radius and ulna and metacarpal bones

142

Carpal

Pertaining to the joint between the radius and ulna and metacarpal bones

143

Gastroenteritis

Inflammation of the stomach and small intestine

144

Ovariohysterectomy

Surgical removal of ovaries and uterus

145

Hepatoma

Liver mass

146

Hematoma

Mass or collection of blood

147

Urethra

Takes urine from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body

148

Ureters

Collect urine from the kidney and transport it to the urinary bladder

149

Ileum

Distal part of the small intestine

150

Ilium

Part of the pelvic bone

151

Myel/o

Represents the spinal cord and bone marrow