Chapter 10 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10 Vocab Deck (18)
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1

Substances that are poor conductors of thermal energy. (Wood, plastic,gas)

Insulator

2

The transfer of heat due to movement of a substance. (Fluids: liquids, gases)

Convection

3

The transfer of energy by means of electromagnetic waves.

Radiation

4

Radiation emitted by the Earth.

Terrestrial Radiation

5

Matter with a definite shape and volume.

Solid

6

Matter with definite volume but no definite shape.

Liquid

7

Matter with no definite volume or shape.

Gas

8

Exists inside stars.

Plasma

9

Liquid changes to a gas without heating. Some water gains KE and breaks free. (Clouds)

Evaporation

10

Gas molecules lose KE when in contact with a cooler substance, creating a liquid. (Dew)

Condensation

11

Change in phase from a solid to a gas without going through a liquid phase. (Dry ice)

Sublimation

12

Changing from a liquid to a gas with heating.

Boiling

13

Changing from a solid to a liquid. (Molecules gain energy)

Melting

14

Changing from a liquid to a solid. (Molecules lose energy)

Freezing

15

Changing from a gas to a solid. (Molecules lose energy) Ex. Frost

Deposition

16

The amount of energy needed to change any substance from a solid to a liquid.

Heat of Fusion

17

The energy needed to change any substance from a liquid to a gas.

Heat of Vaporization

18

The transfer or movement of thermal energy without movement of the materials. (Metals)

Conduction