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Flashcards in Chapter 11 Deck (45):

One of the greatest problems that John Adams and the Federalists faced in the election of 1800 was

Adams's refusal to take the country to war against France


In the election of 1800, the Federalists did not accuse Thomad Jefferson of

Supporting high taxes


In the 1800 election, Thomas Jefferson won the state of New York because

Aaron Burr used his influence to turn the state to Jefferson


The Jeffersonian Democratic-Republicans did not present themselves as

Believers in a strong central government


Thomas Jefferson received the bulk of his support from the

South and West


In 1800, Jefferson was chosen president by the

House of Representatives


Thomas Jefferson's "Revolution of 1800" was remarkable in that it

Marked the peaceful and orderly transfer of power on the basis of election results accepted by all parties


Thomas Jefferson saw his election am his mission as president not to include

Support the establishment of a strong army


As president, Jeffetson's stand on several political issues that he had previously championed

Was reversed


Jefferson's presidency was characterized by his

Moderation in the administration of public policy


Jefferson and his followers opposed Adam's last-minute appointment of new federal judges mainly because

It was an attempt by a defeated party to entrench itself in the government


When it came to the major Federalist economic programs, Jefferson as president

Left practically all of them intact


The Chief Justice who carried out, more than any other federal official, the ideas of Alexander Hamilton concerning a powerful federal government was

John Marshall


As Chief Justice of the United States, John Marshall helped to ensure that

The political and economic systems were based on a strong central government


The case of Marbury v. Madison involved the question of who had the right to

Declare an act of Congress constitutional


John Marshall, as Chief Justice of the United States, helped to strengthen the judicial branch of government by

Asserting the doctrine of judicial review of congressional legislature


Jefferson's failed attempt to impeach an convict Supreme Court Justice Samuel Chase for "high crimes and misdemeanors" meant that

Judicial independence and the separation of powers had been preserved


Jefferson distrusted large standing armies because they

Could be used to establish a dictatorship


Jefferson saw navies as less dangerous than armies because

They could not match inland and endanger liberties


Jefferson's first major foreign-policy decision was to

Send a naval squadron to the Mediterranean


Jefferson ceased his opposition to the expansion of the navy when the

Pasha of Tripoli declared war on the United States


To gaurd American shores, Thomas Jefferson

Constructed two hundred tiny gunboats


Arrange the events in order: Louisiana Purchase, Chesapeake incident, Burr's trial for treason, Embargo Act

Louisiana Purchase, Burr's trial for treason, Chesapeake incident, Embargo Act


Napoleon chose to sell Lousiana to the United States because

He had suffered misfortunes in Santo Domingo, he hoped that the territory would one day helps American to thwart the ambitions of the British, he did not want to drive America into the arms of the British, and yellow fever killed many French troops


Jefferson had authorized American negotiators to purchase only ____ and ____ from France

New Orleans and the Floridas


Jefferson was conscience-stricken about the purchase of the Louisiana Territory from France because

He believed that the purchase was unconstitutional


Lewis and Clark's expedition through the Lousiana Purchase territory did not yield

Treaties with several Indian nations


Lewis and Clark demonstrated the viability of

An overland trail to the Pacific


After killing Hamilton in a duel, Burr

Plotted to divide the United States


The British policy of impressment was a kind of

Forced enlistment


The Chesapeake incident involved the flagrant use of



President Jefferson's foreign policy of economic coercion

Stimulated manufacturing in the United States


Macon's Bill No. 2

Permitted trade with all nations but promised that if either Britain or France lifted its commercial restrictions on American trade, the United States would stop trading with the other


President Madison made a major foreign-policy's stake when he

Accepted Napoleon's promise to recognize America's rights


By 1810, the most insistent demand for a declaration of war against Britain came from

The West and South


The only arguement not put forward by the war hawks as justification for a declaration of war against Britain was that

Britian's commercial restrictions had come close to destroying America's profitable New England shipping business


Tecumseh argued that the Indians should

Not cede control of land to whites unless all Indians agreed


Native American Leader Tecumseh was killed in 1813 at the

Battle of Thames


In 1812, Madison turned to war

To restore confidence in the republican experiment


Seafaring New England opposed the War of 1813 because of the following except

Their strong trade ties with France


Once begun, the War of 1812 was supported strongly by

the West and South


Federalists opposed the acquisition of Canada because

It was too agrarian and would give more votes to the Democratic-Republicans


During the War of 1812, New England states

Lent more money and sent more food to the British army than to the American army


Before he became Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, John Marshall's service at Valley Forge during the American Revolution convinced him

Of the drawback of feeble central authority


To deal with British and French violations of America's neutrality, Jefferson

Enacted an economic embargo