Chapter 11: Interest Groups Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11: Interest Groups Deck (27):
1

Interest Group

An organization of people sharing a common interest or goal that seeks to influence the making of public policy

2

Incentive

something of value one cannot get without joining an organization

3

Solidary incentives

the social rewards (sense of please, status, or companionship) that lead people to join political organizations

4

Material Incentives

Money or things valued in monetary terms

5

Purposive Incentive

A benefit that comes from a serving a cause or principle

6

Ideological Interest Groups

Political Organizations that attract members by appealing to their political convictions or principles

7

Public-interest lobby

A political organization whose goals will principally benefit nonmembers

8

Social movement

a widely shared demand for change in some aspect of the social or political order

9

Political Cue

A signal telling a legislator what values area at stake in a vote, and how that issues fits into his or her own political views on party agenda

10

Ratings

Assessments of a representative's voting record on issues important to an interest group

11

Factors that lead to birth of interest groups

Economic Development
Government Policy
Leadership
Increased Role of Gov

12

Groups caused by Econ

Farmers- organized when they like sell food
mass production

13

Groups caused by gov policy

wars, veterans, aid veteransrganize that
AFBF
chamber of commerce

14

Groups caused by Leadership

young social movement, need some change, INSPIRED
youth looking to make a difference or whatever
Antislavery

15

Groups caused because gov expands

Like Labor unions
public-interest lobbies (needed civil rights act to set up a lobby)

16

Institutional Interests

Individuals or organizations that represent organizations
ex. GM

17

Membership Interests

organizations supported by the contributions and activities of individual citizens
#nationofjoiners
RELIGIOUS
CIVIC
POLITICAL
PRC
we join prc organizations
think perk
like we have incentives to join
Americans feel a sense of efficacy

18

Nader

got like stalked by GM and then turned into a superstar
books and stuff
consumers

19

When do public-interest lobbies tend to do the best?

When the government is hostile to them and they get LOTS of media attention

20

Does the interest group always do what the members want?

No, the staff exerts a HUGE influence

21

Which groups tend to be most extreme, small or large?

small

22

What are the three types of feminist organizations?

1. Middle class women with schooling, rely on solidary incentives, broadest appeal
2. Attract with purposive incentives (NOW)- strong positions, divisive issues, militant tactics 3. Caucus that takes on specific issues that have some material benefit to women

23

foundation grants

money from foundations
often law firms

24

Federal Grants and Contracts

support not to lobbying, but to some project that the interest group is doing

25

outsider strategy

oget out news
get out numbers
pools
grassroots lobbying

26

pressure

arguments you don't agree with

27

Brady bill

gun control