Chapter 2: The Constitution Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 2: The Constitution Deck (25):
1

Unalienable

a human right based on nature or G-d

2

Articles of Confederation

A weak constitution that governed America during the Revolutionary War

3

Constitutional Convention

Meeting in Philadelphia in 1787 that produced a new constitution

4

Shay's Rebellion

A 1787 rebellion in which ex-Revolutionary War soldiers attempted to prevent foreclosures of farms as a result of high interest rates and taxes

5

Virginia Plan

Proposal to create a strong national government

6

New Jersey Plan

Proposal to create a weak national government

7

Great Compromise

Plan to have a popularly elected House based on state population and a state-selected Senate, with two members for each state

8

Republic

a government in which elected representatives make the decisions

9

Judicial Review

The power of the courts to declare laws unconstitutional

10

Federalism

Government authority shared by national and state governments

11

Checks and balances

authority shared by three branches of government

12

Enumerated powers

powers given to the national government alone

13

Reserved powers

powers given to the state alone

14

Concurrent powers

powers shared by the national and state governments

15

Separation of Powers

Constitutional Authority is shared by three branches of government

16

Faction

a group with distinct political interest

17

Federalists

Those who favor a stronger national government

18

Antifederalists

those who favor a weaker national government

19

Coalition

an alliance of factions

20

Habeas corpus

an order to produce an arrested person before a judge

21

Bill of Attainder

a law that declares a person, without a trial, to be guilty of a crime

22

Ex post facto law

A law that makes an act criminal although the act was legal when it was committed

23

Bill of Rights

First 10 amendments to the Constitution

24

Amendment

A new provision in the Constitution that has been ratified by the states

25

Line-item veto

an executive's ability to block a particular provision in a bill passed by the legislature