Chapter 12 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 12 Deck (11):
1

aggression

Intentional behavior aimed at causing physical harm or psychological pain to another person

2

hostile aggression

Aggression stemming from feelings of anger with the goal of inflicting pain or injury

3

instrumental aggression

Aggression that is done as a means to achieve some goal other than causing pain

4

challenge hypothesis

Testosterone relates to aggression only when there are opportunities for reproduction

5

dual-hormone hypothesis

Testosterone relates to dominance-seeking behavior only when the stress hormone, cortisol, is not elevated

6

relational aggression

harming another person through the manipulation of relationships- usually in cover tacts as talking behind someone's back, spreading rumors, shunning, and excluding that person

7

social-cognitive learning theory

The theory that people learn social behavior (e.g., aggression or altruism) in large part through observation and imitation of others and by cognitive processes such as plans, expectations, and beliefs

8

frustration-aggression theory

The theory that frustration—the perception that you are being prevented from attaining a goal—increases the probability of an aggressive response

9

weapons effect

The increase in aggression that can occur because of the mere presence of a gun or other weapon

10

catharsis

The notion that “blowing off steam”—by behaving aggressively or watching others do so—relieves built-up anger and aggressive energy and hence reduces the likelihood of further aggressive behavior

11

sexual scripts

Sets of implicit rules that specify proper sexual behavior for a person in a given situation, varying with the person’s gender, age, religion, social status, and peer group