Chapter 13 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 13 Deck (16):
1

Ethnocentrism

The belief that one’s own ethnic group, nation, or religion is superior to all others

2

Normative Conformity

The tendency to go along with the group in order to fulfill the group’s expectations and gain acceptance

3

Institutional Discrimination

Practices that discriminate, legally or illegally, against a minority group by virtue of its ethnicity, gender, culture, age, sexual orientation, or other target of societal or company prejudice

4

Implicit Association Test (IAT)

A test that measures the speed with which people can pair a target face (e.g., Black or White, old or young, Asian or White) with positive or negative stimuli (e.g., the words honest or evil) reflecting unconscious (implicit) prejudices

5

Stereotype

A generalization about a group of people in which certain traits are assigned to virtually all members of the group, regardless of actual variation among the members

6

Discrimination

Unjustified negative or harmful action toward a member of a group solely because of his or her membership in that group

7

Social Identity Threat

The threat elicited when people perceive that others are evaluating them as a member of their group instead of as an individual

8

Jigsaw Classroom

A classroom setting designed to reduce prejudice and raise the self-esteem of children by placing them in small, multiethnic groups and making each child dependent on the other children in the group to learn the course material

9

Interdependence

The situation that exists when two or more groups need to depend on one another to accomplish a goal that is important to each of them
JIGSAW CLASSROOM

10

Prejudice

A hostile or negative attitude toward people in a distinguishable group based solely on their membership in that group; it contains cognitive, emotional, and behavioral components

11

Blaming the Victim

The tendency to blame individuals (make dispositional attributions) for their victimization, typically motivated by a desire to see the world as a fair place

12

In-Group Bias

The tendency to favor members of one’s own group and give them special preference over people who belong to other groups; the group can be temporary and trivial as well as significant

13

Social Identity

The part of a person’s self-concept that is based on his or her identification with a nation, religious or political group, occupation, or other social affiliation

14

Out-group homogeneity

The perception that individuals in the out-group are more similar to each other (homogeneous) than they really are, as well as more similar than members of the in-group are
USC(similar) VS. UCLA (totally diverse)

15

Self-Fulfilling Prophecy

An expectation of one’s own or another person’s behavior that comes true because of the tendency of the person holding it to act in ways that bring it about.

16

Realistic Conflict Theory

The idea that limited resources lead to conflict between groups and result in increased prejudice and discrimination