Chapter 12 and 17 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 12 and 17 Vocab Deck (15):
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Active Immunity

Immunity that is artificially acquired from immunizations; sometimes called adaptive immunity.

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Bloodborne Pathogen

Organisms transferred through blood or bodily fluids that cause infectious disease.

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Droplet Transmission

A disease that occurs from splash or splatter to the mucosa or nonintact skin.

3

Exposure control plan

A plan that explains exposure determination for employees to help minimize occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens.

4

Latent infection

An ongoing infection with recurrent symptoms

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Opportunistic infection

An infection that is normally cause by nonpathogenic organism in people with weakened immune systems

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Passive immunity

Immunity from an outside source that lasts for a short time

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Standard precautions

A standard of care that protects health care workers from pathogens that are spread by blood and other potentially infectious material.

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Universal precautions

Precautions used to protect patients and health care workers from coming into contact with contaminated bodily fluids

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Biological indicators

Spore tests that contain bacterial spores; used to determine if sterilization has occurred.

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Critical Items

items that penetrate soft tissue and directly contact bone, blood, and other bodily fluids.

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Disinfection

Process that prevents growth of disease carrying microorganisms

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Noncritical items

items that come in contact with intact skin only

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Semicritical items

Items that come in contact with tissues, but do not penetrate soft tissue or bone.

14

Sterilization

A process that kills all living microorganisms; the ability to destroy all living organisms and endospores