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Flashcards in Mod 3 Final Deck (94):
1

The least dangerous drugs, sold over the counter, fall under Schedule:

V

2

Plaque begins forming on teeth ____ hours after brushing.

4-12

3

Cocaine was once used as a local anesthetic.

True

4

The second leading cause of syncope in a dental office is:

Postural hypotension

5

Which drug can cause excessive bleeding?

Coumadin

6

The Latin abbreviation "Sig: 1 stat 1 q.i.d. til gone" in English means

Take one now and one four times a day

7

The daily huddle is necessary for ____ exercises and brainstorming.

Team building

8

The human body needs ____ essential key nutrients daily.

Six

9

____ is when multiple drugs are being taken, and one of the drugs taken is affecting the effects of another drug.

Drug interaction

10

Which of the following is the major focus of dentistry?

Prevention

11

When treating the maxillary teeth, the patient operating light should be placed:

Where the light is lowered down and back, and the beam is focused upward.

12

Antibiotic prophylaxis assists in prevention of endocarditis.

True

13

By age ____, more than ____ percent of adolescents will have had cavities.

17;80

14

The ____ is the slanted tip of the needle.

Bevel

15

When prescribing narcotics, what number must the prescription contain?

DEA

16

Saturated fats affect the arteries by hardening blood vessels, which causes:

High cholesterol and heart attacks.

17

Which drug offers an anti-inflammatory affect?

Advil

18

The re-capping technique used by placing the needle cover over on a flat surface, with the syringe in the dominant hand without a mechanical device is called ____

One-handed technique

19

The contraction of the heart when the myocardial fibers tightens and shortens is known as:

Systolic

20

The ____ is the injection method that deposits anesthetic solutions near a main nerve trunk.

Nerve block

21

With the infiltration technique, generally a single tooth is anesthetized.

True

22

If a patient takes a cold medication to help with a runny nose, and experiences an upset stomach from the medicine, the patient might be experiencing an allergic reaction.

False

23

The American Heart Association (AHA) establishes and issues ____, which are approved by the American Dental Association (ADA)

Antibiotic Prophylaxis Guidelines

24

Caries is caused by complex carbohydrates left in the mouth.

False

25

Ammonia inhalants are used to treat an episode of ____.

Syncope

26

The recommended dose of carbohydrates advised by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA):

6 ounces of grains, 16 ounces of fruit, and 24 ounces of vegetables.

27

The recommended daily amount (RDA) of water intake for an adult is:

Eight 8-ounce cups eight times a day

28

When performing an oral exam on a geriatric patient, some common conditions can be tooth decay, periodontal disease, xerostomia, and:

Bone resorption

29

The anesthetic cartridges are ____ to identify brand ratios, and expiration date.

Color coded

30

When scheduling a pregnant patient, the dental assistant should take into consideration what trimester the mother is in. If the mother is in the third trimester, appointment considerations would include that:

Several short breaks might be needed during treatment.

31

The six essential nutrients are minerals, vitamin, proteins, carbohydrates, water, and ____.

Fat

32

The most important nutrient in the body is:

Water

33

The correct abbreviation to document the measurement of pulse rate is:

Bpm

34

Rapid and shallow breathing, chest pain, and rapid heart rate are indicative of:

Hyperevntilation

35

The ____ the gauge of the needle, the smaller the diameter or lumen of the needle.

Large

36

Typically derived from plants:

Carbohydrates

37

Vasoconstrictors work by slowing the heart rate of the patient

False

38

Blood pressure readings are recorded with the systolic written over the diastolic.

True

39

When passing the syringe to the dentist, the dental assistant holds the ____ portion of the syringe with the needle cover in place.

Barrel

40

Tooth decay in infants and young children most often occurs in the:

Maxillary primary anterior teeth

41

The ____ injection method deposits anesthetic by using either a 25- or 27-gauge short or long needle directly into the pulpal chamber.

Intrapulpal

42

Cold, clammy skin; heavy pressure and/or pain in the chest, shoulder, arms, back, and jaws; and shortness of breath are all signs of:

Myocardial infarction

43

The normal blood pressure reading in an adult is ____ mm/Hg

120/80

44

When preparing the patient's chart, the dental assistant places a blank ____ within the chart. This form provides information related to the patient's care.

Progress note

45

A prescription is written in several parts. The ____ includes the dentist's name and degrees. office address, and phone number.

Heading

46

Visible discoloration of tooth enamel with white or brown spots and enamel surface defects called motting is:

Fluorosis

47

Foods that should be avoided to prevent tooth decay include all of the following except:

Yogurt

48

The type of diabetes that is non-insulin-dependent and is controlled by diet and/or medications other than insulin:

Type II

49

Schedule ____ drugs, such as marijuana, heroin, and LSD, have a high potential for abuse.

I

50

The type of fluoride that poses no threat if ingested is:

Fluoride varnish

51

The process by which a drug leaves the patient's body:

Excretion

52

Schedule ____ drugs, such as OTC drugs, can be purchased without a prescription.

V

53

The oral hygiene aid that should be recommended for patients with fixed prostheses, implants or orthodontic appliances is:

Interproximal brushes

54

The term sublingual means

Under the tongue

55

A ____ provides a description of the drug name and chemical formula, strength, and purity of the drug

Drug monograph

56

Oxygen tanks are colored blue

False

57

In addition to oxygen, it is recommended that a patient experiencing a/n ____ take an aspirin to assist with the flow of blood.

Myocardial infarction

58

Calcium and vitamin d can be acquired through the ingestion of:

Dairy products

59

Which of the following is not indicative of patients at risk for caries and in need of fluoride ?

Adolescents with good oral hygiene and sealants

60

The block technique is used to anesthetize mandibular areas, and can numb an entire quadrant

True

61

Some commonly used topical anesthesia agents are:

Benzocaine, lidocaine, proparacaine, and tetracaine

62

Used needles and cartridges are placed in "sharps" disposal containers and discarded as ____ waste.

Regulated

63

A condition where the individual has an insufficient amount of insulin secretion:

Diabetes mellitus

64

The organization that created Recommended Daily Allowances (RDA) for the appropriate body weights and consumption of protiens, vitamins, and minerals is called the ____.

Food and nutrition board

65

The best way to take a patient's respiration rate is ____.

When the patient is unanware

66

The USDA's food pyramid suggests a healthy diet contain a variety of foods, portion sizes, and servings based on a person's

Age size and activity level

67

A patient experiencing hypoglycemia will require ____ as treatment.

Sugar source

68

It is recommended that parents should take their child to the dentist for a dental screening appointment as early as 1 year of age.

True

69

When notifying the emergency response system, the following specific information should be relayed to the 911 operator: exact location of the emergency, with address and phone number, name and age of victim, nature of emergency, and ____.

The name of the individual placing the call

70

The most important measure to prevent dental disease is:

Home oral hygiene

71

Children under 7 should be taught which sequence of brushing?

Chewing surfaces, outer surfaces, inner surfaces

72

The topical anesthetic should remain on the injection site for 3-5 minutes

True

73

Individuals legally allowed to write prescriptions include:

Physicians, dentist, and physicians assistant

74

In taking a blood pressure, the diaphragm is placed on the:

Brachial artery

75

Disclosing agents are available in tablet form, liquid, and:

On swabs

76

Tobacco, caffeine, and alcohol are all habit forming stimulants

False

77

If alcohol abuse is present, the mucosa wil appear:

Deep red, shiny and spongy

78

Signs and symptoms are important observations for the dental team to monitor during patient treatment. A/n ____ is more important than a/n because it is observed by the dental team member

Sign/symptom

79

The ADA developed four levels to protect the right of patients and employees. The levels are listed as____.

Titles I-IV

80

When a negative reaction to a drug involves abnormal, harmful, undesired side effects, it is said to be a/n:

Adverse effect

81

If a patient has a seizure in the dental chair, what is the best way of handling the event?

Move all equipment away from the patient so she does not hurt herself.

82

Every long line of spygmomanometer dial represents a multiple of

10

83

Breast cancer, obesity and colon and heart disease have been associated with excessive

fat

84

____ is the force of blood against the artery walls. This can be a result of heredity, stress, age, smoking, or obesity.

Hypertension

85

Nitrous oxide concentration should never be greater than ____ percent in routine cases, allowing the patient to be awake and aware of his surroundings.

50%

86

Due to their lack of digestion capability, newborn infants have a specific modified diet. Foods to avoid during infancy include:

Seafood, sugar, nuts, and honey

87

What part of the prescription instructs the pharmacist on how much of the drug to dispense?

Subscription

88

For patient comfort when taking x-rays, topical anesthetic can be used to numb the patient's

Throat

89

A vasoconstrictor is a substance that is placed in an anesthetic compound to:

All of the above

90

Ways to build a rapport with patient's include offering eye contact. open body language, welcoming gestures, kindness, empathy, and a/n ____ manner.

Respectful

91

The nitrous oxide gas cylinder color is

Blue

92

Name of a drug that is assigned by the manufacturer and has a trademark:

Brand name

93

____ of an emergency is/are important because it/they might be needed in a court of law

Documentation

94

Preparation of he anesthetic syringe by the auxiliary includes some or all of the following steps:

1,2,5