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Flashcards in Module 1 Final Deck (100):
1

The ____ provides a nationally recognized test for front office professionals or chair side assistants to become certified in their profession.

DANB

2

A dentist who specializes in the diagnoses and treatment of dental pulp diseases:

Endodontist

3

A specialty area of dentistry that involves the correction of malocclusion by realignment of the teeth and/or joints:

Orthodontist

4

A dental specialty in which the dentist examines the tissue samples to provide proper diagnosis and treatment of biopsy results:

Oral Pathology

5

A dentist who specializes in dental treatment for children:

Pedodontist

6

The history of dental assistants started in ____.

1880s

7

The responsibilities/ duties of the dental assistant can involve:

All of the above

8

The skill of one assistant working chair side with a dentist is called:

Four handed dentistry

9

The skill of using two assistants with the dentist is referred to as:

Six handed dentistry

10

The second assistant assisting the dentist may be referred to as the:

Circulating assistant

11

The dental assistant might have the responsibility for sterilization procedures, including the management of:

All of the above

12

Cigarette smoke has an offensive odor that can stay in the:

All of the above

13

The DA should avoid wearing ____ because many patients might have allergies or be sensitive to it.

Colognes or perfumes

14

According to OSHA standards a dental assistant's fingernails should not exceed:

1/8 of an inch

15

The acronym DANB means:

Dental Assisting National Board

16

The registration exam can be taken through the:

AMTA

17

How many times a year is the DANB exam offered?

Three times

18

The DANB exams are based on:

All of the above

19

The duties of the expanded function dental assistant are covered by the ____ for each state.

State Dental Practice Act

20

Expanded function dental assistants are not allowed to:

Scale

21

This dental specialist will treat malocclusion by realignment of the teeth or joints.

Orthodontist

22

What is the name of the first known dentist?

Hesi-Re

23

Who was the father of medicine?

Hesi-Re

24

The hippocratic oath means:

to do no harm

25

Bands of gold fastened to natural teeth and artificial teeth were made of ____ teeth in the era of 100-400 BCE

calves'

26

During the middle ages, the ____ developed a silver paste to fill cavities.

Chinese

27

_____ was known as "the father of modern dentistry."

Pierre Fauchard

28

Trained dentist began arriving to the colonies from:

England

29

____ marketed his abilities to perform a variety of different dental procedures.

Robert Woofendale

30

____ is credited for constructing a denture made of ivory and gold for George Washington.

John Greenwood

31

The first native born dentist in colonial America was:

Isaac Greenwood

32

____ was the first African American to graduate with a formal dental education.

Robert Tanner Freeman

33

_____ is the German physicist credited for the discovery of radiation usage in 1895.

Wilhelm C. Roentgen

34

_____ earned the title "grand old man of dentistry."

Vardiman Black

35

____ discovered a way to use nitrous oxide gas to relieve the pain of extractions on his patients.

Horace Wells

36

____ demonstrated the use of this anesthetic by blocking a nerve on the mandible.

William H. Halstead

37

____ made the first dental radiograph.

Otto Walkoff

38

____ became the first woman to be hired as a permanent dental assistant.

Juliet A. Southard

39

What is the term for withdrawing from patient care without reasonable notice or a referral fro completion of dental treatment?

Abandonment

40

____ is a fold of mucous membrane attached to the back of the soft palate.

Uvula

41

The ____ is the tissue from the mesoderm layer that will form dentin and pulp.

Dental Papilla

42

____ is defined as a deep furrow running along a developmental groove.

A fissure

43

A vertical overlap of the maxillary teeth with the mandibular arch:

Overbite

44

A horizontal overlap of the maxillary teeth with the mandibular arch:

Overjet

45

The word deciduous means:

To shed

46

By age 3, ____ teeth are present in the mouth.

Twenty

47

The permanent teeth that replace deciduous teeth are called ____ teeth.

Succedaneous

48

Another name for the bicuspid is:

Premolars

49

____ is defined as the study of the shape and form of teeth.

Morphology

50

Located a the gingival third on the lingual surface of an anterior tooth is a convex prominence of enamel called:

Cingulum

51

One of the three prominence located on the incisal edge of a newly erupted incisor:

Mamelon

52

An improper fit and alignment of the teeth and jaws:

Malocclusion

53

Primary detention begins to emerge in the mouth around the ____ month of life.

6th

54

The term odontogenesis means:

Tooth production or development

55

During the third stage, the tissue makeup begins to change. This change is called:

Histodifferentiation

56

The tooth bud contains three important elements. What are they?

Cementoblasts, osteoblasts, and fibroblasts

57

The four main types of dentin include the:

Mantle, primary, secondary, and tertiary dentin.

58

____ are the presence of extra teeth.

Supernumerary teeth

59

The highest peak in the alveolar process is the:

Alveolar crest

60

Enamel is able to withstand crushing forces up to ____ pounds per square inch.

100,000

61

The four types of tissues that make up a tooth are:

Enamel, Dentin, cementum, and pulp.

62

The enamel and cementum of the tooth come together at a junction. This junction is called the:

Cementoenamel junction.

63

____ is another term for when permanent teeth succeed or replace primary teeth.

Succedaneous

64

The ____ is the portion of the crown that is visible in the oral cavity.

Clinical crown

65

The ____ is the tissue that surrounds and supports the teeth.

Periodontium

66

During the 8th week of embryonic development, the dental ____ continues to thicken.

Lamina

67

____ molars are the first of the permanent teeth to erupt into the oral cavity.

Mandibular

68

The periodontal ligament contains fibers that are embedded into the cementum. These fibers are called ____.

Sharpey's

69

Winged flare of the nostril:

Ala

70

The chin is called the:

Mental protuberance

71

The ____ is the transitional are between the skin of the face and mucous membrane of the lip.

Vermilion border

72

Healthy gingiva has an orange peel texture called:

Stippling

73

On each side of the soft palate, extending downward, are the pillars of fauces, also called:

Tonsillar pillars

74

The tongue consists of a body and a root or base, connected by the muscles to the:

Hyoid bone

75

Along the midline of the tongue's top surface is a slight groove called the:

Median sulcus

76

Mushroom shaped taste buds located at the tongue center:

Fungiform papillae

77

The condition of having a short lingual frenulum:

Ankyloglossia

78

The frontal is connected to both parietal bones by the:

Coronal suture

79

The sphenoid bone is also called the ____ bone.

Butterfly

80

There are ____ stationary bones in the face.

Thirteen

81

The ____ bone is the smallest and most fragile bone of the face.

Lacrimal

82

The ____ is the posterior section of the alveolar process.

Retromolar area

83

When dealing with TMJ, the crackling or grinding sound of the teeth is also called:

Crepitus

84

Known as the upper chambers of the heart:

Atria

85

The ____ is a lightweight, spongelike bone located in the interior area of the bones.

cancellous bone

86

____ is a protective and insulated covering that surrounds some nerves.

Myelin sheath

87

The ____ is the fibrous lining that covers the compact coronal bone.

Periosteum

88

The ____ is considered to be the brain of the cell.

Nucleus

89

The four primary tissue types are:

epithelial, muscle, connective, and nerve.

90

Bones have five categories:

Long bones, irregular bones, short bones, flat bones, and sesamoid bones,

91

The heart repeats a cycle of contraction and relaxation around ____ beats per minute.

60-100

92

What disease includes inflammation of the pericardum?

Pericardial pericarditis

93

What is the non criminal legal action that deals with the relationship of individuals against a dentist that can result in a composition lawsuit?

Civil Law

94

What involves state or federal government intervention against individuals who perform non legal procedures or violations, resulting in disciplinary action?

Criminal Law

95

What is the term for actions that any reasonable or prudent dental care professional would take under similar circumstances?

Due care

96

What is a contract that is implemented by the patient's actions, rather than verbally or in writing?

Implied contract

97

The act of an intentional or unintentional wrong doing is called:

Tort law

98

Which term means "truthfulness"?

Veracity

99

Dental malpractice and negligence can occur due to a variety of circumstances, including:

Failure to properly detect an oral disease. wrongful death, and personal injusry.

100

An act of omission occurs when a reasonable person ____ do something that a similarly trained individual would do under the same circumstances.

does not