Chapter 12.3: Blood Pressure Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 12.3: Blood Pressure Deck (22):
1

What does a heartbeat consist of?

one systole and one diastole

2

Define systole

contraction phase of the ventricles

3

Define diastole

resting phase of the ventricles

4

Define pulse

the feeling of the dilation of the arteries during the systolic phase

5

Define blood pressure

the pressure of the blood against the against the arterial walls

6

Define sphygmomanometer

instrument used to measure the pressure of the systolic and diastolic phases which is expressed as two numbers

7

Define systolic pressure

the higher and first number in the reading by a sphygmomanometer

8

Define diastolic pressure

the lower and second number in the reading by a sphygmomanometer

9

What is the normal blood pressure range?

100/60 to 120/80 mm Hg

10

Define hypertension

high blood pressure

11

Define hypotension

low blood pressure

12

Define prehypertension

blood pressure in the range of 120/80 to 139/89 mm Hg

13

What is the contraction phase of the ventricles called?

systole

14

What is the resting phase of the ventricles called?

diatole

15

What is the the feeling of the dilation of the arteries during the systolic phase?

pulse

16

What is the pressure of the blood against the against the arterial walls?

blood pressure

17

What is instrument used to measure the pressure of the systolic and diastolic phases which is expressed as two numbers?

sphygmomanometer

18

What is the higher and first number in the reading by a sphygmomanometer?

systolic pressure

19

What is the lower and second number in the reading by a sphygmomanometer?

diastolic pressure

20

What is high blood pressure called?

hypertension

21

What is low blood pressure called?

hypotension

22

What is a blood pressure in the range of 120/80 to 139/89 mm Hg?

prehypertension

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