Examples of Pathologic Conditions Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Examples of Pathologic Conditions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Examples of Pathologic Conditions Deck (78):
1

Define cephalgia

headache

2

Define arthralgia

joint pain

3

Define otalgia

earache

4

Define cystocele

hernia of the urinary bladder; protrusion of the bladder onto the vaginal walls

5

Define pathology

the study of disease processes

6

Define hernia

protrusion or displacement of an organ through a structure that normally contains it

7

Define rectocele

hernia of the rectum; protrusion of the rectum onto the vaginal wall

8

Define encephalocele

hernia of the brain

9

Define gastrodynia

stomach pain

10

Define mastodynia

breast pain

11

Define hematemesis

vomiting of blood

12

Define glycemia

sugar in the blood

13

Define pneumonia

condition of the lung (most commonly known as an inflammation of the lung)

14

Define inflammation

the redness, swelling, heat, and pain that occur when the body protects itself from injury

15

Define enteritis

inflamed small intestine

16

Define stomatitis

inflamed mouth

17

Define spondylitis

inflamed vertebra

18

Define hemolysis

breakdown of blood

19

Define cerebromalacia

softening of the brain

20

Define chondromalacia

softening of the cartilage

21

Define visceromegaly

enlargement of the internal organs

22

Define lipoma

tumor containing fat

23

Define myoma

tumor of muscle

24

Define nephrosis

abnormal condition of the kidney

25

Define ureteropathy

disease process of the ureter to the bladder for the passage of urine

26

Define cytopenia

deficiency of cells

27

Define acrophobia

fear of heights

28

Define blepharoptosis

drooping eyelid

29

Define nephroptosis

drooping kidney

30

Define hemoptysis

spitting up blood

31

Define hemorrhage

bursting forth of blood; bleeding

32

Define gastrorrhagia

bleeding from the stomach

33

Define otorrhea

discharge from the ear

34

Define splenorrhexis

ruptured spleen

35

Define arteriosclerosis

hardening of the arteries

36

Define blepharospasm

sudden, involuntary contraction of the eyelid

37

Define phlebostenosis

narrowing of a vein

38

Define neuropathy

disease process of the nerve

39

Define microencephaly

small brain

40

What is the medical term for headache?

cephalgia

41

What is the medical term for joint pain?

arthralgia

42

What is the medical term for earache?

otalgia

43

What is the medical term for protrusion or displacement of an organ through a structure that normally contains it?

hernia

44

What is the study of disease processes?

pathology

45

What is the medical term for hernia of the urinary bladder; protrusion of the bladder onto the vaginal walls?

cystocele

46

What is the medical term for hernia of the rectum; protrusion of the rectum onto the vaginal wall?

rectocele

47

What is the medical term for hernia of the brain?

encephalocele

48

What is the medical term for stomach pain?

gastrodynia

49

What is the medical term for breast pain?

mastodynia

50

What is the medical term for vomiting of blood?

hematemesis

51

What is the medical term for sugar in the blood?

glycemia

52

What is the medical term for condition/inflammation of the lung?

pneumonia

53

What is the medical term for the redness, swelling, heat, and pain that occur when the body protects itself from injury?

inflammation

54

What is the medical term for inflamed small intestine?

enteritis

55

What is the medical term for inflamed mouth?

stomatitis

56

What is the medical term for inflamed vertebra?

spondylitis

57

What is the medical term for breakdown of blood?

hemolysis

58

What is the medical term for softening of the brain?

cerebromalacia

59

What is the medical term for softening of cartilage?

chondromalacia

60

What is the medical term for enlargement of the internal organs?

visceromegaly

61

What is the medical term for tumor containing fat?

lipoma

62

What is the medical term for tumor of muscle?

myoma

63

What is the medical term for abnormal condition of the kidney?

nephrosis

64

What is the medical term for disease process of the ureter to the bladder for the passage of urine?

ureteropathy

65

What is the medical term for deficiency of cells?

cytopenia

66

What is the medical term for fear of heights?

acrophobia

67

What is the medical term for drooping eyelid?

blepharoptosis

68

What is the medical term for drooping kidney?

nephroptosis

69

What is the medical term for spitting up blood?

hemoptysis

70

What is the medical term for bursting forth of blood; bleeding?

hemorrhage

71

What is the medical term for bleeding from the stomach?

gastrorrhagia

72

What is the medical term for discharge from the ear?

otorrhea

73

What is the medical term for ruptured spleen?

splenorrhexis

74

What is the medical term for hardening of the arteries?

arteriosclerosis

75

What is the medical term for sudden, involuntary contraction of the eyelid?

blepharospasm

76

What is the medical term for narrowing of a vein?

phlebostenosis

77

What is the medical term for disease process of the nerve?

neuropathy

78

What is the medical term for small brain?

microencephaly

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