Chapter 5.2: Directional Terminology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 5.2: Directional Terminology Deck (41):
1

Define anatomical position

In anatomical position, the body is standing erect, arms by the side, with head, palms, and feet facing forward

2

Define superior or cranial

above; toward the head

3

Define inferior or caudal

below; toward the lower end of the body or tail

4

Define anterior or ventral

front surface of the body; belly side of the body

5

Define posterior or dorsal

back surface of the body

6

Define medial

toward the midline

7

Define lateral

away from the midline

8

Define proximal (2)

1. nearest the point of attachment to the trunk
2. toward the point of origin

9

Define distal

farthest from the point of attachment to the trunk; farthest from the point of origin

10

Define superficial

near the surface of the body

11

Define deep

away from the surface of the body

12

Define supine

lying on the back, face up

13

Define prone

lying on the abdomen, face down

14

Define plantar

sole of the foot

15

Define dorsum

upper portion of the foot

16

Define peripheral

away from the center

17

What is the directional term for above; toward the head? (2)

superior or cranial

18

What is the directional term for below; toward the lower end of the body or tail? (2)

inferior or caudal

19

What is the directional term for front surface of the body; belly side of the body? (2)

anterior or ventral

20

What is the directional term for back surface of the body? (2)

posterior or dorsal

21

What is the directional term for toward the midline?

medial

22

What is the directional term for away from the midline?

lateral

23

What is the directional term for nearest the point of attachment to the trunk; toward the point of origin?

proximal

24

What is the directional term for farthest from the point of attachment to the trunk; farthest from the point of origin?

distal

25

What is the directional term for near the surface of the body?

superficial

26

What is the directional term for away from the surface of the body?

deep

27

What is the directional term for lying on the back, face up?

supine

28

What is the directional term for lying on the abdomen, face down?

prone

29

What is the directional term for sole of the foot?

plantar

30

What is the directional term for upper portion of the foot?

dorsum

31

What is the directional term for away from the center?

peripheral

32

In the abdominopelvic region, what is the name of the upper right region?

right hypochondriac region

33

In the abdominopelvic region, what is the name of the upper middle region?

epigastric region

34

In the abdominopelvic region, what is the name of the upper left region?

left hypochondriac region

35

In the abdominopelvic region, what is the name of the middle right region?

right lumbar region

36

In the abdominopelvic region, what is the name of the middle middle region?

umbilical region

37

In the abdominopelvic region, what is the name of the middle left region?

left lumbar region

38

In the abdominopelvic region, what is the name of the lower right region?

right iliac region

39

In the abdominopelvic region, what is the name of the lower middle region?

hypogastric region

40

In the abdominopelvic region, what is the name of the lower left region?

left iliac region

41

What are the four abdominopelvic quadrants and their abbreviations?

right upper quadrant (RUQ), left upper quadrant (LUQ), right lower quadrant (RLQ), and left lower quadrant (LLQ)

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