Chapter 13 - Blood System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 13 - Blood System Deck (80)
1

Albumin

Protein in blood; maintains the proper amount of water in the blood

2

Antibody (Ab)

Specific protein (immunoglobulin) produced by lymphocytes in response to bacteria, viruses, or other antigens

3

Antigen

Substance (usually foreign) that stimulates the production of an antibody

4

Basophil

White blood cell containing granules that stain blue; associated with release of histamine and heparin

5

Bilirubin

Orange-yellow pigment in bile; formed by breakdown of hemoglobin

6

Coagulation

Blood clotting

7

Colony-stimulating factor (CSF)

Protein that stimulates growth of white blood cells

8

Differentiation

Change in structure and function of a cell as it matures; specialization

9

Electrophoresis

Method of separating serum proteins by electrical charge

10

Eosinophil

White blood cell containing granules that stain red; associated with allergic reactions

11

Erythroblast

Immature red blood cell

12

Erythrocyte

Red blood cell

13

Erythropoeitin (EPO)

Hormone secreted by kidneys; stimulates red blood cell formation

14

Fibrin

Protein that forms the basis of a blood clot

15

Fibrinogen

Plasma protein that is converted to fibrin in the clotting process

16

Globulin

Plasma protein; alpha, beta, and gamma globulins are examples

17

Granulocyte

White blood cell with numerous dark-staining granules; eosinphil, neutrophil, basophil

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Hematopoietic stem cell

Cell in the bone marrow that gives rise to all types of blood cells

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Hemoglobin

Blood protein containing iron; carries oxygen in red blood cells

20

Hemolysis

Destruction or breakdown of blood

21

Heparin

Anticoagulant found in blood and tissue cells

22

Immune reaction

Response of the immune system to foreign invasion

23

Immunoglobulin

Protein with antibody activity

24

Leukocyte

White blood cell

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Lymphocyte

Mononuclear leukocyte that produces anitbodies

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Macrophage

Monocyte that migrates from the blood to tissue spaces; engulfs foreign material and debris, destroys worn out red blood cells

27

Megakaryocyte

Large platelet precursor cell found in the bone marrow

28

Monocyte

Leukocyte with one large nucleus, engulfs foreign material and debris, they become macrophages as they leave the blood and enter body tissues

29

Mononuclear

Pertaining to a cell (leukocyte) with a single round nucleus

30

Myeloblast

Immature bone marrow that gives rise to granulocytes

31

Neutrophil

Granulocytic leukocyte formed in bone marrow; a phagocytic tissue-fighting cell

32

Plasma

Liquid portion of blood; contains water, proteins, salts, nutrients, lipids, hormones and vitamins

33

Plasmapheresis

Removal of plasma from withdrawn blood by centrifuge. Collected cells are retransfused back into the donor.

34

Platelet

Small blood fragment that collects at sites of injury to begin the clotting process

35

Polymorphonuclear

Pertaining to a white blood cell with a multi-lobed; neutrophil

36

Prothrombin

Plasma protein; converted to thrombin in the clotting process

37

Reticulocyte

Immature erythrocyte. A network of strands is seen after staining the cell with special dyes.

38

Rh factor

Anitgen on red blood cells of Rh-positive individuals.

39

Serum

Plasma minus clotting proteins and cells. Clear, yellowish fluid that separates from blood when it is allowed to clot.

40

Stem cell

Unspecialized cell that gives rise to mature, specialized forms

41

Thrombin

Enzyme that converts fibrinogen to fibrin during coagulation

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Thrombocyte

Platelet

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bas/o

base

44

chrom/o

color

45

coagul/o

clotting

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cyt/o

cell

47

eosin/o

red, dawn, rosy

48

erythr/o

red

49

granul/o

granules

50

hem/o
hemat/o

blood

51

hemoglobin/o

hemoglobin

52

is/o

same, equal

53

kary/o
nucle/o

nucleus

54

leuk/o

white

55

mon/o

one, single

56

morph/o

shape, form

57

myel/o

bone marrow

58

neutr/o

neutral

59

phag/o

eat, swallow

60

poikil/o

varied, irregular

61

sider/o

iron

62

spher/o

globe, round

63

thromb/o

clot

64

-apheresis

removal, a carrying away

65

-blast

immature cell, embryonic

66

-cytosis

abnormal condition of cells

67

-emia

blood condition

68

-gen

giving rise to; producing

69

-globin
-globulin

protein

70

-lytic

pertaining to destruction

71

-oid

derived or originating from

72

-osis

abnormal condition

73

-penia

deficiency

74

-phage

eat, swallow

75

-philia

attraction for (an increase in cell numbers)

76

-phoresis

carrying, transmission

77

-poiesis

formation

78

-stasis

stop, control

79

Ecchy/o

Large blue patches

80

-in
-one

Substance