Chapter 13 - Blood System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 13 - Blood System Deck (80)
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1

Albumin

Protein in blood; maintains the proper amount of water in the blood

2

Antibody (Ab)

Specific protein (immunoglobulin) produced by lymphocytes in response to bacteria, viruses, or other antigens

3

Antigen

Substance (usually foreign) that stimulates the production of an antibody

4

Basophil

White blood cell containing granules that stain blue; associated with release of histamine and heparin

5

Bilirubin

Orange-yellow pigment in bile; formed by breakdown of hemoglobin

6

Coagulation

Blood clotting

7

Colony-stimulating factor (CSF)

Protein that stimulates growth of white blood cells

8

Differentiation

Change in structure and function of a cell as it matures; specialization

9

Electrophoresis

Method of separating serum proteins by electrical charge

10

Eosinophil

White blood cell containing granules that stain red; associated with allergic reactions

11

Erythroblast

Immature red blood cell

12

Erythrocyte

Red blood cell

13

Erythropoeitin (EPO)

Hormone secreted by kidneys; stimulates red blood cell formation

14

Fibrin

Protein that forms the basis of a blood clot

15

Fibrinogen

Plasma protein that is converted to fibrin in the clotting process

16

Globulin

Plasma protein; alpha, beta, and gamma globulins are examples

17

Granulocyte

White blood cell with numerous dark-staining granules; eosinphil, neutrophil, basophil

18

Hematopoietic stem cell

Cell in the bone marrow that gives rise to all types of blood cells

19

Hemoglobin

Blood protein containing iron; carries oxygen in red blood cells

20

Hemolysis

Destruction or breakdown of blood

21

Heparin

Anticoagulant found in blood and tissue cells

22

Immune reaction

Response of the immune system to foreign invasion

23

Immunoglobulin

Protein with antibody activity

24

Leukocyte

White blood cell

25

Lymphocyte

Mononuclear leukocyte that produces anitbodies

26

Macrophage

Monocyte that migrates from the blood to tissue spaces; engulfs foreign material and debris, destroys worn out red blood cells

27

Megakaryocyte

Large platelet precursor cell found in the bone marrow

28

Monocyte

Leukocyte with one large nucleus, engulfs foreign material and debris, they become macrophages as they leave the blood and enter body tissues

29

Mononuclear

Pertaining to a cell (leukocyte) with a single round nucleus

30

Myeloblast

Immature bone marrow that gives rise to granulocytes