Chapter 15 - Muscoloskeletal System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 15 - Muscoloskeletal System Deck (141)
1

acetabulum

rounded depression or socket in the pelvis that joins the femur forming the hip bone

2

acromion

outward extension of the shoulder blade forming the point of the shoulder

3

articular cartilage

thin layer of cartilage covering the bone in the joint space

4

bone

dense, hard connective tissue composing the skeleton

5

bone depression

opening or hollow region serving as a connection for bones or passageways for blood vessels or nerves

6

bone process

enlarged area that extends from bones as an attachment for muscles, tendons, and ligaments

7

calcium

one of the mineral constituents of bone

8

cancellous bones

spongy, porous, bone tissue in the inner part of a bone

9

cartilage

flexible, rubbery connective tissue

10

collagen

dense, connective tissue protein strands found in bone and other tissues

11

compact bone

hard, dense bone tissue, usually found around outer portion of bones

12

cranial bones

skull bones: ethmoid, frontal, occipital, parietal, sphenoid, and temporal

13

diaphysis

shaft, mid portion of a long bone

14

disk (disc)

flat, round, plate like structure

15

epiphyseal plate

cartilaginous area at the ends of long bones where lengthwise growth take place in the immature skeleton

16

epiphysis

each end of a long bone; beyond the epiphyseal plate

17

facial bones

bones of the face: lacrimal, mandibular, maxillary, nasal, vomer, and zygomatic

18

fontanelle

soft spot between the skull bones of an infant

19

foramen magnum

opening of the occipital bone through which the spinal cord passes

20

haversian canals

minute spaces filled with blood vessels

21

ligament

fibrous tissue connecting bones to other bones

22

malleolus

round process on both sides of the ankle joint

23

manubrium

upper portion of the sternum

24

mastoid process

round projection on the temporal bone behind the ear

25

medullary cavity

central, hollowed-out area in the shaft of a long bone

26

metaphysis

flared portion of a long bone between shaft and E.P.

27

olecranon

large process on the proximal end of ulna

28

orthopedist

medical doctor who specializes in bone, joint, and muscle conditions

29

osseous tissue

bone tissue

30

ossification

process of bone formation

31

osteoblast

bone cell that helps form bony tissue

32

osteoclast

bone cell that absorbs and removes unwanted bony tissue

33

periosteum

membrane surrounding the bones

34

phosphorus

mineral substance found in bones in combination with calcium

35

physiatrist

medical doctor specializing in rehab

36

pubic symphysis

area of confluence of the two pubic bones in the pelvis

37

red bone marrow

found in cancellous bone

38

ribs

twelve pairs of curved bones that form the chest wall

39

sella turcica

depression in the sphenoid bone where the pituitary gland is located

40

sinus

hollow air cavity within a bone

41

styloid process

pole like process extending downward from the temporal bone on each side of the skull

42

suture

immovable joint between the bones like the skull

43

temporomandibular joint

connection on either side of the head between temporal bone of the skull and mandibular bone of the jaw

44

tendon

fibrous connective tissue connecting muscles and bones

45

trabeculae

supporting bundles of bony fibers in cancellous bone

46

vertebra

individual segment of the spine composed of the vertebral body, vertebral arch, spinous process, transverse process, and lamina enclosing the neural canal

47

xiphoid process

lower, narrow portion of the sternum

48

yellow bone marrow

fatty tissue in the medullary cavity of most adult large bones

49

calc/o
calci/o

calcium

50

kyph/o

humpback, hunchback

51

lamin/o

lamina

52

lord/o

curve, swayback

53

lumb/o

loins, lower back

54

myel/o

bone marrow

55

orth/o

straight

56

oste/o

bone

57

scoli/o

crooked, bent

58

spondyl/o

vertebra

59

vertebr/o

vertebra

60

-blast

immature cell

61

-clast

to break

62

-listhesis

slipping

63

-malacia

softening

64

-physis

to grow

65

-porosis

pore, passage

66

-tome

instrument to cut

67

acetabul/o

acetabulum

68

calcane/o

calcaneous

69

carp/o

carpals

70

clavicul/o

clavicle

71

cost/o

ribs

72

crani/o

cranium

73

femor/o

femur

74

fibul/o

fibula

75

humer/o

humerus

76

ili/o

ilium

77

ischi/o

ischium

78

malleol/o

malleolus

79

mandibul/o

mandible

80

maxill/o

maxilla

81

metacarp/o

metacarpals

82

metatars/o

metatarsals

83

olecran/o

olecranon

84

patell/o

patella

85

pelv/i

pelvis

86

perone/o

fibula

87

phalang/o

phalanges

88

pub/o

pubis

89

radi/o

radius

90

scapul/o

scapula

91

stern/o

sternum

92

tars/o

tarsals

93

tibi/o

tibia

94

uln/o

ulna

95

articular cartilage

smooth, glistening white tissue that covers the surface of a joint

96

articulation

any type of joint

97

bursa

sac of fluid near a jiont

98

ligament

connective tissue binding bones to other bones

99

meniscus

crescent shaped fibrocartilaginous structure found in the knee

100

suture joint

immovable joint

101

synovial cavity

space between bones at a synovial joint

102

synovial fluid

a freely movable joint

103

synovial membrane

tissue ling the synovial cavity

104

ankyl/o

stiff

105

arthr/o
articul/o

joint

106

burs/o

bursa

107

chondr/o

cartilage

108

ligament/o

ligament

109

rheumat/o

watery flow

110

synov/o

synovial membrane

111

ten/o
tendin/o

tendon

112

-desis

to bind, tie together

113

-stenosis

narrowing

114

abduction

movement away from the midline of the body

115

adduction

movement toward the midline of the body

116

dorsiflexion

backward bending of the foot

117

extension

straightening of a flexed limb

118

fascia

fibrous membrane separating and enveloping muscles

119

flexion

bending a limb

120

insertion of a muscle

connection of the muscle to a bone that moves

121

origin of a muscle

connection of the muscle to a stationary bone

122

plantar flexion

bending the sole of the foot downward toward the ground

123

pronation

turning the palm downward

124

rotation

circular movement around a central point

125

striated muscle

muscle connected to bones

126

supination

turning the palm upward

127

visceral muscle

muscle connected to internal organs

128

fasci/o

fascia

129

fibr/o

fibrous connective tissue

130

leiomy/o

smooth (visceral) muscle that lines the walls of internal organs

131

my/o
myos/o

muscle

132

myocardi/o

heart muscle

133

plant/o

sole of the foot

134

rhabdomy/o

skeletal

135

sarc/o

muscle and flesh

136

-asthenia

lack of strength

137

-trophy

development, nourishment

138

ab-

away from

139

ad-

toward

140

dorsi-

back

141

poly-

many, much