Chapter 15 - Muscoloskeletal System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 15 - Muscoloskeletal System Deck (141)
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1

acetabulum

rounded depression or socket in the pelvis that joins the femur forming the hip bone

2

acromion

outward extension of the shoulder blade forming the point of the shoulder

3

articular cartilage

thin layer of cartilage covering the bone in the joint space

4

bone

dense, hard connective tissue composing the skeleton

5

bone depression

opening or hollow region serving as a connection for bones or passageways for blood vessels or nerves

6

bone process

enlarged area that extends from bones as an attachment for muscles, tendons, and ligaments

7

calcium

one of the mineral constituents of bone

8

cancellous bones

spongy, porous, bone tissue in the inner part of a bone

9

cartilage

flexible, rubbery connective tissue

10

collagen

dense, connective tissue protein strands found in bone and other tissues

11

compact bone

hard, dense bone tissue, usually found around outer portion of bones

12

cranial bones

skull bones: ethmoid, frontal, occipital, parietal, sphenoid, and temporal

13

diaphysis

shaft, mid portion of a long bone

14

disk (disc)

flat, round, plate like structure

15

epiphyseal plate

cartilaginous area at the ends of long bones where lengthwise growth take place in the immature skeleton

16

epiphysis

each end of a long bone; beyond the epiphyseal plate

17

facial bones

bones of the face: lacrimal, mandibular, maxillary, nasal, vomer, and zygomatic

18

fontanelle

soft spot between the skull bones of an infant

19

foramen magnum

opening of the occipital bone through which the spinal cord passes

20

haversian canals

minute spaces filled with blood vessels

21

ligament

fibrous tissue connecting bones to other bones

22

malleolus

round process on both sides of the ankle joint

23

manubrium

upper portion of the sternum

24

mastoid process

round projection on the temporal bone behind the ear

25

medullary cavity

central, hollowed-out area in the shaft of a long bone

26

metaphysis

flared portion of a long bone between shaft and E.P.

27

olecranon

large process on the proximal end of ulna

28

orthopedist

medical doctor who specializes in bone, joint, and muscle conditions

29

osseous tissue

bone tissue

30

ossification

process of bone formation