Chapter 16 - Skin Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 16 - Skin > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 16 - Skin Deck (56)
1

Adipocyte

Fat cell

2

Albino

Person w/ skin deficient in pigment (melanin)

3

Apocrine Sweat Gland

One of the large dermal exocrine glands located in the axilla and genital areas; secretes sweat.

4

Basal layer

Deepest region of the epidermis

5

Collagen

Structural protein found in the skin and connective tissue

6

Cuticle

Band of epidermis at the base and sides sides of the nail plate

7

Dermis

Middle layer of the skin

8

Eccrine Sweat Gland

Most numerous sweat-producing exocrine gland in the skin

9

Epidermis

Outermost layer of skin

10

Epithelium

Layer of skin cells forming the outer and inner surfaces of the body

11

Hair Follicle

Sac where each hair grows

12

Integumentary System

Skin and its accessory structures such as hair and nails

13

Keratin

Hard protein material found in the epidermis, hair, and nails. Keratin means horn.

14

Lunula

Half-moon-shaped, whitish area at the base of the nail

15

Melanin

Skin pigment; formed by melanocytes in the epidermis

16

Paronychium

Soft tissue surrounding the nail border

17

Pore

Tiny opening on surface of the skin

18

Sebaceous Gland

Oil-secreting gland in the dermis that's associated w/ hair follicles

19

Sebum

Oily substance secreted by sebaceous glands

20

Squamous Epithelium

Flat, scale-like cells composing the epidermis

21

Stratified

Arranged in layers

22

Stratum

A layer of cells

23

Stratum Corneum

Outermost layer of the epidermis, consists of flattened, keratinized cells

24

Subcutaneous Layer

Innermost layer of the skin containing flat tissue

25

adip/o
lip/o
steat/o

fat

26

albin/o

white

27

caus/o

burn, burning

28

cauter/o

heat, burn

29

colla-

glue

30

cutane/o
derm/o
dermat/o

skin

31

diaphor/o
hidr/o

profuse sweating
sweat

32

erythem/o
erythemat/o

redness

33

ichthy/o

dry, scaly (fish-like)

34

kerat/o

hard

35

leuk/o

white

36

melan/o

black

37

myc/o

fungus

38

onych/o
ungu/o

nail

39

nid/o

nest

40

phyt/o

plant

41

pil/o
trich/o

hair

42

py/o

pus

43

rhytid/o

wrinkle

44

seb/o

sebum

45

squam/o

scale-like

46

xer/o

dry

47

Polyp/o

Polyp

48

Anthrac/o

Black (as coal)

49

Chlor/o

Green

50

Cirrh/o

Tawny yellow

51

Cyan/o

Blue

52

Eosin/o

Rosy

53

Erythr/o

Red

54

Jaund/o
Lute/o
Xanth/o

Yellow

55

Poli/o

Gray

56

Myc/o
Muc/o

Mucus