Chapter 15 -1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 15 -1 Deck (12):
1

When was the Human Genome project completed?

2003

2

95% of human genome is?
15% are?
44% are?

junk DNA
stretches of duplicated DNA
transposons

3

Bananas and humans are ?% alike

50

4

Mice and humans are ?% alike

78

5

What are knockout experiments done for?

done on similar organisms to determine probable effects on humans

6

How can you manipulate genomes?

recombinant DNA technology

7

What are some techniques to combine genes from different sources?

production of vaccines, cancer drugs, pesticides

8

What is the toolkit for recombinant DNA?

1. Vector
2. Restriction enzymes
3. Ligase seals back together
4. Insert recombinant DNA into host cells

9

What is a vector?

carrier of foreign DNA

10

What is the most common type of vector?

bacterial plasmids

11

What are types of vectors?

bacterial plasmids
retroviruses
gene therapy

12

What is genetic engineering?

next level gene manipulation
genetically modified organisms (transgenic)