Chapter 4 -4 Flashcards Preview

Biology 101 > Chapter 4 -4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 4 -4 Deck (15):
1

Where are central vacuoles found?

in plants w/ many fused vesicles

2

What are the functions of central vacuoles?

lysosomal and storage of amino acids, sugars, wastes, and pigments

3

50-90% of the cell volume is made up of?

central vacuoles

4

What are peroxisomes?

vesicles that form on their own

5

What are the functions of peroxisomes?

Oxidize molecules (removal of e's)
Break down fats (form hydrogen peroxide)
Detox-ing the liver

6

What is Cholorplast?

1 type of plastid found in plants and some protists

7

What is the function of cholorplast?

Convert solar energy to chemical energy (photosyntesis)

8

Where is chloroplast located?

double outer membrane

9

Where are thylakoids located?

inner membrane system

10

What is granum?

stack of thylakoids

11

What do thylakoids contain?

pigments (chlorophyll) that capture light energy which make ATP, NADPH

12

Glucose is made from what?

CO2

13

What does Mitochondria do?

Carry out cellular respiration
Converts glucose into ATP

14

What happens in the inner membrane?

accumulate H+'s
ATP making machinery is embedded.

15

What is stroma?

fluid