Chapter 9 -3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9 -3 Deck (10):
1

DNA's reading frame is in?

triplet code

2

What do codons specify?

amino acids, which results in a protein

3

How many codons are there and what do they do?

61 specify amino acids
3 stop translation

4

What does mRNA DO?

messenger RNA

5

What does tRNA do?

transfer RNA

6

What are the key translation players?

mRNA, tRNA, Interpreter

7

What does interpreter do?

decodes codon message by anticodons and amino acid transfer

8

What is the site of proteins?

synthesis

9

What are the 3 phases of translation initiation?

Initiation
Elongation
Termination

10

What alters the protein product?

mutated genes