Flashcards in Chapter 15 Deck (44):
1. reason over revelation 2. science over the bible 3. Supreme Being 4. Jesus is not divine 5. inspired Unitarianism 5. Thomas Jefferson
Second Great Awakening
1810s; supported reform movements; Peter Cartwright and Charles Grandison Finney
Western NY religiously known as?
Burned over district: Mormons and the Seventh Day Adventists created, many strong preachers
Founded by Joseph Smith, 1830s; in Western NY;
Full name of Mormons?
The Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter Day Saints
Brigham Young took over, moved them to Utah.
More Public Schools:
wanted to enfranchise voters, and made edu more widespread
Main reformer of Public Schools
Horace Mann; better curricula and funding
Emphasized morality, patriotism, idealism
most early colleges were:
first state college:
Uni of NC founded in 1791
First co-ed college:
Oberlin in Ohio, 1837
First women's college
Mt. Holyoke 1837
reform movements of 1800s
a. asylum reform b. prison reform c. public education reform d. religious reform e. alcohol reform f. women's rights reforms g. abolitionism
influence of second great awakening on Reform
promoted reason, self-betterment was very optimistic .
End of debtors prisons why?
Jacksonians detested them; unfair
new view of prisons in new names:
penetentiaries, reformatories, correctional insitutions
old view of the mentally ill?
key reformer for mentally ill?
Dorothea Dix; campaigned
why reform alcohol?
hurst ability to work, violent
2 approaches to alcohol reform?
1. temperance: convince people to change 2. prohibition: make alcohol illegal
first alcohol reform org.
American Temperance Society 1826
T. S. Arthur's book?
Ten Nights in a Barroom and wWhat I saw There;
Neal S. Dow
Father of Prohibition; fought for a law in maine
London antislavery convention 1840
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
removed 'obey' in marriage vows
Susan B. ANthony
most famous suffragist
Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell
first female doctor, graduated from Med school
Sarah and Angelina Grimke
retained maiden name
promoted short skirt and trousers
Woman's Rights Convention
Seneca Falls, NYj; 1840s; produced a Declaration of Sentiments saying "All mean nd women are created equal" based on D. of Ind.; demanded a ballot for females
NY; promoted Free love, birth control
Other utopian Communities
Brook Farm (MA); New Harmony (Indiana)
Scientists in 1800s
Benjamin Silliman, Louis Agassiz, Asa Gray
designed house Monticello; based Uni of VA off of it.
Writers after 1812
reflected postwar nationalism; esp. from the Knickerbockers school NY
source of truth is inside YOU, look deeply
Two famous Transcendentalists:
Ralph Waldo Emerson; Henry David Thoreau (On the Duty of Civil Disobedience)
well known poet, for his book of poetry