Chapter 15 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 15 Deck (44):
1

Deism

1. reason over revelation 2. science over the bible 3. Supreme Being 4. Jesus is not divine 5. inspired Unitarianism 5. Thomas Jefferson

2

Second Great Awakening

1810s; supported reform movements; Peter Cartwright and Charles Grandison Finney

3

Western NY religiously known as?

Burned over district: Mormons and the Seventh Day Adventists created, many strong preachers

4

Mormons founding

Founded by Joseph Smith, 1830s; in Western NY;

5

Full name of Mormons?

The Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter Day Saints

6

Mormons moving

Brigham Young took over, moved them to Utah.

7

More Public Schools:

wanted to enfranchise voters, and made edu more widespread

8

Main reformer of Public Schools

Horace Mann; better curricula and funding

9

Noah Webster

dictionary

10

Mcguffey

Emphasized morality, patriotism, idealism

11

most early colleges were:

sectarian

12

first state college:

Uni of NC founded in 1791

13

First co-ed college:

Oberlin in Ohio, 1837

14

First women's college

Mt. Holyoke 1837

15

reform movements of 1800s

a. asylum reform b. prison reform c. public education reform d. religious reform e. alcohol reform f. women's rights reforms g. abolitionism

16

influence of second great awakening on Reform

promoted reason, self-betterment was very optimistic .

17

End of debtors prisons why?

Jacksonians detested them; unfair

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new view of prisons in new names:

penetentiaries, reformatories, correctional insitutions

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old view of the mentally ill?

criminal

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key reformer for mentally ill?

Dorothea Dix; campaigned

21

why reform alcohol?

hurst ability to work, violent

22

2 approaches to alcohol reform?

1. temperance: convince people to change 2. prohibition: make alcohol illegal

23

first alcohol reform org.

American Temperance Society 1826

24

T. S. Arthur's book?

Ten Nights in a Barroom and wWhat I saw There;

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Neal S. Dow

Father of Prohibition; fought for a law in maine

26

Lucretia Mott

London antislavery convention 1840

27

Elizabeth Cady Stanton

removed 'obey' in marriage vows

28

Susan B. ANthony

most famous suffragist

29

Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell

first female doctor, graduated from Med school

30

Sarah and Angelina Grimke

anti-slavery

31

Lucy Stone

retained maiden name

32

Amelia Bloomer

promoted short skirt and trousers

33

Woman's Rights Convention

Seneca Falls, NYj; 1840s; produced a Declaration of Sentiments saying "All mean nd women are created equal" based on D. of Ind.; demanded a ballot for females

34

Oneida Colony

NY; promoted Free love, birth control

35

Other utopian Communities

Brook Farm (MA); New Harmony (Indiana)

36

Scientists in 1800s

Benjamin Silliman, Louis Agassiz, Asa Gray

37

architechture 1820-1850

Greek Revival

38

architecture mid-19th?

Gothic Revival

39

Jefferson architecture

designed house Monticello; based Uni of VA off of it.

40

Writers after 1812

reflected postwar nationalism; esp. from the Knickerbockers school NY

41

Transcendentalism

source of truth is inside YOU, look deeply

42

Two famous Transcendentalists:

Ralph Waldo Emerson; Henry David Thoreau (On the Duty of Civil Disobedience)

43

Walt Whitman

well known poet, for his book of poetry

44

Other writers:

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow; Edgar Allen Poe; Nathaniel Hawthorne (The scarlet letter); Herman Melville (Moby Dick)