chapter 15 Flashcards Preview

Developmental psych final > chapter 15 > Flashcards

Flashcards in chapter 15 Deck (15)
Loading flashcards...
1

middle adulthood

the developmental period that begins at approximately 40 to 45 years of age and extends to about 60 to 65 years of age

2

sarcopenia

are-related loss of muscle mass and strength

3

metabolic syndrome

a condition characterized by hypertension, obesity, and insulin resistance; often leads to the onset of diabetes and cardiovascular disease

4

chronic disorders

disorders that are characterized by slow onset and long duration; rare in early adulthood, increase during middle adulthood, and become common in late adulthood

5

climacteric

the midlife transition during which fertility declines

6

menopause

cessation of a woman's menstrual periods, usually during the late forties or early fifties

7

erectile dysfunction

the inability to adequately achieve and maintain an erection to attain satisfactory sexual performance

8

crystallized intelligence

accumulated information and verbal skills, which increase in middle adulthood

9

fluid intelligence

the ability to reason abstractly, which begins to decline from middle adulthood onward

10

leisure

the pleasant times after work when individuals are free to pursue activities and interests of their own choosing

11

religion

an organized set of beliefs, practices, rituals, and symbols that increase an individual's connection to a sacred or transcendent other (God, higher power, or higher truth)

12

religiousness

the degree to which an individual is affiliated with an organized religion, participates in prescribed rituals and practices, feels a sense of connections with its beliefs, and is involved in a community of believers

13

spirituality

experiencing something beyond oneself in a transcendent manner and living in a way that benefits others and society

14

meaning-making coping

involves drawing on beliefs, values, and goals to change the meaning of a stressful situation, especially in times of chronic stress such as when a loved one dies

15

four main needs for meaning

-need for purpose
-need for values
-need for a sense of efficacy
-need for self-worth