Chapter 15 Flashcards
Psychological tests assess
Abilities, feelings, attitudes, and behaviors
SAT’s are used for
Help determine if people will be successful in college
GRE’s are used for
Measure students possible success in graduate school
MCAT’s are used for
Level of success in medical school
Used to measure behavior in classrooms and hospitals + are used today
Where are behavior rating scales based at?
Classrooms and hospitals
Most psychological tests rely on what?
What do self-reports assess?
People’s attitudes, feelings, and behavior
For a psychological test to be accurate, it must have:
- Test-retest reliability
A test that is scored and administered the same way each time
Consistency on an individual’s score or nearly the same each time
When a person receives similar scores on the same test at different occasions
When a test measures what it’s supposed to measure and predicts what it’s supposed to predict
Involve questions that let the psychologists know if the test-taker isn’t answering honestly
How can test-results be distorted?
People answer in ways they think will please the interviewer
Established standards of performance
Measure people’s skills and the knowledge they have in specific academic areas
Measure a narrow rang of skills, whereas intelligence tests measure overall learning ability
Measure skills and knowledge in specific areas
Measure more specific abilities or skills that intelligence tests but more broader ones than achievement tests
Used to tell if whether a person would do well in a field of work or study
Intended to measure potential for learning in a specific area