Chapter 15 Diagnostic Procedures, Nuclear Medicine, and Pharmacology A&P Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 15 Diagnostic Procedures, Nuclear Medicine, and Pharmacology A&P Deck (59):
1

means the evaluation or appraisal of the patient's condition

assessment

2

includes a number of factors: how patient is dressed, any body odor, or if there are signs of possible difficulties with self care

overall appearance

3

refers to the patient's expression, tone of voice, mood, and emotions

emotional affect

4

means the way the patient walks, including gait

ambulation

5

are the four key indications that the body systems are functioning

vital signs

6

is the rhythmic pressure against the walls of an artery caused by the beating of the heart

pulse

7

also known as respiratory rate, is the number of complete breaths per minute

respiration

8

is the force of blood against the walls of the arteries

blood pressure

9

patient is asked to describe his or her level of pain from 0 to 10

pain rating scale

10

which comes quickly, can be severe and lasts only a relatively short time

acute pain

11

which can be mild or severe, persists over a longer period of time that acute pain

chronic pain

12

caused by the tricuspid and mitral valve closing between the atria and the ventricles

lubb sound

13

caused by the closing of the semilunar valves in the aorta and pulmonary arteries as blood is pumped out of the heart

dupp sound

14

is an abnormal rhythmic vibration felt when palpating an artery

thrill

15

also known as bowel sounds, are normal noises made by the intestine

abdominal sounds

16

results are needed immediately

stat

17

means tests are frequently performed as a group on automated multi-channel laboratory testing equipment

profile

18

is a medical professional who is trained to draw blood from patients

phlebotomist

19

is a group of eight specific blood tests that provide important information about the current status of the patient's kidneys,

basic metabolic panel

20

reflects the amount of wastes, minerals, and solids that are present

specific gravity

21

also known as urine C and S, is a laboratory test that is used to identify cause of a urinary tract infection and to determine which antibiotic would be the most effective treatment

urine culture and sensitivity tests (urine C and S)

22

is a physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders with x-rays and other forms of radiant energy

radiologist

23

is the use of radiographic imaging to guide a procedure such as a biopsy

interventional radiology

24

describes the placement of the patient's body and the part of the body that is closest to the x-ray film

radiographic positioning

25

describes the path that the x-ray beam follows through the patient's body from the entrance to the exit

radiographic projection

26

commonly known as Panorrex, shows all structures in both dental arches in a single film

panoramic radiograph

27

is the image created by ultrasonography

sonogram

28

radioactive substance known as radiopharmaceuticals are administered for either diagnostic or treatment purposes

nuclear medicine

29

is the study of the nature, uses, and effects of drugs for medical purposes

pharmacology

30

is a licensed specialist who formulates and dispenses prescribed medications

pharmacist

31

is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicine that is sold over the counter under the brand names of advil and motrin

ibuprofen

32

are applied topically to relieve pain due to conditions such as osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis

pain-relieving cream

33

abbreviation for peripherally inserted central catheter, is frequently used for a patient who will need IV therapy for more than 7 days

PICC line

34

try to reduce stress and prevent its negative effects on the body

mind-body therapies

35

try to improve or maintain health by maintaining the body's energy flow

energy-therapies

36

try to improve body function by physically manipulating or massaging the body

hands-on-therapies

37

is a group of eight specific blood tests that provide important information about the current status of the patient's kidneys, electrolyte balance, blood sugar, and calcium levels

basic metabolic panel (BMP, or Profile 8)

38

is performed to screen for urinary and systemic disorders

routine urinalysis

39

is performed when more-detailed testing of the specimen is necessary, for example, to identify casts

microscopic examination

40

is excessive acid in the body fluids

acidosis

41

is the major end product of protein metabolism found in urine and blood

urea***

42

are fibrous or protein materials, such as pus and fats, that are thrown off into the urine in kidney disease

casts

43

is the clumping together of red blood cells

agglutination

44

range of urine is from 4.5-8

pH

45

dilute urine is characteristic of diabetes insipidus

low specific gravity

46

concentrated urine occurs in conditions such as dehydration, liver failure, or shock

high specific gravity

47

is a form of protein found in most body tissue

albumin

48

is a waste product of muscle metabolism that is normally removed by the kidneys

creatinine

49

are formed when the body breaks down fat and their presence in urine can indicate starvation or uncontrolled diabetes

ketones

50

means has a cloudy or smoky appearance

turbid

51

it is administered orally for an upper GI series

barium swallow

52

it is administered rectally for a lower GI series

barium enema

53

is injected into a vein to make the flow of blood through the blood vessels and organs visible

intravenous contrast medium

54

commonly known as a panorex, shows all of the structures in both dental arches in a single film

panoramic radiograph

55

is the most commonly used type of equipment, produces the most accurate images; however, the patients can be uncomfortable because of the noise generated by the machine and the feeling of being closed in

closed architecture MRI

56

is designed to be less confining and is more comfortable to some patients

open architecture MRI

57

is the use of sound waves to image the carotid artery to detect an obstruction that could cause an ischemic stroke

carotid ultrasound

58

is a technique that uses specialized equipment to create photograph-like images of the developing child

3D/4D ultrasound

59

is the study of the nature, uses, and effects of drugs for medical purposes

pharmacology

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