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Flashcards in Chapter 16 Deck (30):
0

What was the Wilmot Proviso?

A proposal that would ban slavery in any lands that the U.S. acquired from Mexico

1

Who won the Election of 1848?

Zachary Taylor

2

What was the name for the bills that dealt with slavery in the states added since the Missouri Compromise?

Compromise of 1850

3

What required all citizens to help catch runaway slaves in 1850?

The Fugitive Slave Act

4

Anyone who aided a fugitive slave could be, what two things?

Fined or imprisoned

5

What did the enforcement of this act do?

Caused more anger in the North

6

What increased the amount of territory open to slaveholding in the U.S.?

Kansas Nebraska Act

7

What is popular sovereignty?

Letting people decide for themselves about an issue

8

Which territory was the first to have blood shed over slavery?

Kansas

9

Who was the violent abolitionist that believed God had chosen him to end slavery?

John Brown

10

What happened in the Sumner Brooks Incident?

Butler's cousin, Rep. Preston Brooks, walked into the Senate chamber and hit Sumner with a cane

11

What did Antislavery Whigs & Democrats, and Free Soilers join together to become?

The Republican Party

12

Who did Dred Scott sue?

His owner

13

What did the Dred Scott Decision do to the nation?

Divided the nation even more

14

Who was the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court that ruled on the Dred Scott case?

Chief Justice Roger B. Taney

15

According to the Dred Scott Decision, what did the Constitution do?

His decision basically stated that the Constitution protected slavery

16

What Senate race became the center of national attention?

Lincoln and Douglas Debates

17

What party was each candidate a part of?

R- Abraham Lincoln
D- Stephen A. Douglas

18

What was the main topic of the debates during that election?

Slavery

19

Who won the Illinois Senate race?

Douglas

20

What was the name of the event when John Brown led men to attack a weapon storage facility?

The Raid on Harpers Ferry

21

What was Brown hoping to start at the Raid on Harpers Ferry?

He hoped to start a rebellion against slaveholders by arming slaves

22

After this event, what became a rallying cry for many abolitionists?

John Brown's death

23

What was the first state to secede from the Union?

South Carolina

24

After seven states seceded, what was formed on Feb. 4, 1861?

Delegates met to form a new nation and a new gov't called the Confederate States of America

25

How did the Confederate States of America justify secession?

With the belief in states' rights

26

Who was the first President of the CSA?

Jefferson Davis

27

Whose hands did President Lincoln say the possibility of war was in?

In the people's hands

28

Confederate guns opened fire on what on April 12, 1861?

On Fort Sumter

29

What event marked the beginning of the Civil War?

The Fort Sumter Attack