Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (25):
What two things did Marco Polo do for a living?
Author and Explorer
What invention helped the book Travels become published all over Europe?
Movable type printing press
What two things did the Portuguese trade for in West Africa?
Gold and slaves
The age of exploration and discovery in Europe was called the...?
Why did the Portuguese most want to explore the world?
They wanted to find new trade routes.
Where was the Gold Coast?
What explorer completed the eastern sea route to Asia around Africa?
Vasco da Gama
What were the three ships that Columbus sailed with?
La Niña, La Pinta, La Santa María
What country’s flag was high on the ship of Columbus on his voyage?
What European group landed in North America long before Columbus?
What treaty allowed Spain to have first right to claim North and South America?
The Treaty of Tordesillas
Where does the term "America" comes from?
Whose crew was the first to circumnavigate the world?
Who was the first Spaniard to reach the mainland of North America?
Juan Ponce de León
Juan Ponce de Leon searched for Gold and what...?
And the Fountain of Youth
What empire did Hernan Cortes destroy?
Why did many Native Americans die after the European arrival?
Because the Europeans brought diseases that the Native Americans had never seen and STD's
How far west did Hernando de Soto reach?
Far west as Oklahoma
What was the encomienda?
The right to demand taxes or labor from Native Americans
What was the religious and historical movement when the Christian church split into
Catholic and Protestant groups?
What was the Columbian Exchange?
An exchange of plant, animals, and diseases that changed lives forever
What countries looked for a Northwest Passage to Asia?
England, France, and the Netherlands
Who thought the treatment of Native Americans by the Spanish was cruel?
Bartolommeo de Las Casas
Quebec was established by which nation?