Chapter 2 Flashcards Preview

History > Chapter 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (25):
0

What two things did Marco Polo do for a living?

Author and Explorer

1

What invention helped the book Travels become published all over Europe?

Movable type printing press

2

What two things did the Portuguese trade for in West Africa?

Gold and slaves

3

The age of exploration and discovery in Europe was called the...?

The Renaissance

4

Why did the Portuguese most want to explore the world?

They wanted to find new trade routes.

6

Where was the Gold Coast?

Africa

7

What explorer completed the eastern sea route to Asia around Africa?

Vasco da Gama

8

What were the three ships that Columbus sailed with?

La Niña, La Pinta, La Santa María

9

What country’s flag was high on the ship of Columbus on his voyage?

Spain's flag

10

What European group landed in North America long before Columbus?

Vikings

11

What treaty allowed Spain to have first right to claim North and South America?

The Treaty of Tordesillas

12

Where does the term "America" comes from?

Amerigo Vespucci

13

Whose crew was the first to circumnavigate the world?

Magellan's crew

14

Who was the first Spaniard to reach the mainland of North America?

Juan Ponce de León

15

Juan Ponce de Leon searched for Gold and what...?

And the Fountain of Youth

16

What empire did Hernan Cortes destroy?

Aztec Empire

17

Why did many Native Americans die after the European arrival?

Because the Europeans brought diseases that the Native Americans had never seen and STD's

18

How far west did Hernando de Soto reach?

Far west as Oklahoma

19

What was the encomienda?

The right to demand taxes or labor from Native Americans

20

What was the religious and historical movement when the Christian church split into
Catholic and Protestant groups?

Protestant Reformation

21

What was the Columbian Exchange?

An exchange of plant, animals, and diseases that changed lives forever

22

What countries looked for a Northwest Passage to Asia?

England, France, and the Netherlands

23

Who thought the treatment of Native Americans by the Spanish was cruel?

Bartolommeo de Las Casas

24

Quebec was established by which nation?

France

25

Who wanted to establish a fishing and fur trade in the Americas?

France