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Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (39):
0

Who were the first President and Vice President in American history?

Pres.- George Washington Vice Pres.- John Adams

1

What did the state department of the Executive Branch deal with?

Handle relations with other nations

2

What did the treasury department of the Executive Branch deal with?

Deal with financial matters

3

What did the war department of the Executive Branch deal with?

Deal with nation's defense

4

Who makes up the cabinet of the President?

Sec. Of State, Sec. Of Treasury, Sec. Of War, Attorney General

5

Who was the first Secretary of State and Secretary of Treasury?

Sec. Of State- Thomas Jefferson Sec. Of Treasury- Alexander Hamilton

6

What job title did Alexander Hamilton hold?

Secretary of Treasury

7

What act established a federal court system?

The Judiciary Act of 1789

8

What could federal courts do to state laws if deemed necessary?

Overturn the laws

9

Who was John Jay?

1st Chief Justice of the Supreme Court

10

What is a national debt?

The amount the gov't owes

11

What did Alexander Hamilton want to do with state debts after the war?

Combine them and make it a national debt

12

What area in America was against his plan and why did they feel this way?

Southern states because they owed less then the northern states

13

Why did the South agree to accept Hamilton’s plan to lessen the national debt?

They moved the capital to the south, Washington DC

14

Why did Hamilton feel that it was ok for him to create a national bank?

It fell within the intent of the constitution

15

What is a tariff?

Tax on imported goods

16

What was the Whiskey Rebellion?

A civil uprising against the taxing power of the gov't

17

Why did Washington not want to run for a third term to the Presidency?

He did not want a president to become a king and he wanted to retire after his first term anyways

18

What limits the power of the gov’t and protects the rights of the individual?

Bill of Rights

19

What amendments make up the Bill of Rights?

First 10 amendments

20

What five civil liberties does the 1st Amendment protect?

Freedom of speech, religion, petition the government, assembly, and press

21

What does the 2nd Amendment give you the right to own?

Right to own firearms

22

What does the 4th Amendment protect you from? (Placed as a result of the Sugar Act)

Protects against unreasonable searches

23

What Amendment is important for people accused of committing crimes?

5th amendment

24

According to the 5th Amendment, natural rights cannot be taken away without what?

Without due process of law

25

What amendment gives you the right to a speedy, public trial by an impartial jury?

6th amendment

26

What does the 9th Amendment keep the government from doing?

From claiming the BoR are the only rights Americans have

27

What was given power in the 10th Amendment for protection?

The states

28

What are 3 aspects of the Federalist Party?

Favored a strong central gov't, rule by wealthy, loose interpretation of constitution

29

How did Washington feel about political parties?

He felt they divided people and kept the gov't from working together

30

What is favoring one side in a political decision?

Prejudice

31

Before the Election of 1796, what was held for the first time to determine Presidential candidates?

Caucuses

32

What was the crisis with France involving three agents that tried to get money from America?

France seized American ships that carried cargo to GB

33

Why were three acts created after the XYZ Affair?

To protect the security of the nation and to slow immigration

34

What was the Naturalization Act?

Required aliens to live in the US for 14 years before being able to apply for citizenship

35

What were the Alien acts?

Allowed president to deport aliens

36

What was the sedition act ?

A crime to write or speak false criticisms to try and weaken the gov't

37

What Amendment did the Sedition Act contradict?

1st amendment

38

What was affirmed by the KY and VA resolutions?

States rights