Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (39):
Who were the first President and Vice President in American history?
Pres.- George Washington Vice Pres.- John Adams
What did the state department of the Executive Branch deal with?
Handle relations with other nations
What did the treasury department of the Executive Branch deal with?
Deal with financial matters
What did the war department of the Executive Branch deal with?
Deal with nation's defense
Who makes up the cabinet of the President?
Sec. Of State, Sec. Of Treasury, Sec. Of War, Attorney General
Who was the first Secretary of State and Secretary of Treasury?
Sec. Of State- Thomas Jefferson Sec. Of Treasury- Alexander Hamilton
What job title did Alexander Hamilton hold?
Secretary of Treasury
What act established a federal court system?
The Judiciary Act of 1789
What could federal courts do to state laws if deemed necessary?
Overturn the laws
Who was John Jay?
1st Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
What is a national debt?
The amount the gov't owes
What did Alexander Hamilton want to do with state debts after the war?
Combine them and make it a national debt
What area in America was against his plan and why did they feel this way?
Southern states because they owed less then the northern states
Why did the South agree to accept Hamilton’s plan to lessen the national debt?
They moved the capital to the south, Washington DC
Why did Hamilton feel that it was ok for him to create a national bank?
It fell within the intent of the constitution
What is a tariff?
Tax on imported goods
What was the Whiskey Rebellion?
A civil uprising against the taxing power of the gov't
Why did Washington not want to run for a third term to the Presidency?
He did not want a president to become a king and he wanted to retire after his first term anyways
What limits the power of the gov’t and protects the rights of the individual?
Bill of Rights
What amendments make up the Bill of Rights?
First 10 amendments
What five civil liberties does the 1st Amendment protect?
Freedom of speech, religion, petition the government, assembly, and press
What does the 2nd Amendment give you the right to own?
Right to own firearms
What does the 4th Amendment protect you from? (Placed as a result of the Sugar Act)
Protects against unreasonable searches
What Amendment is important for people accused of committing crimes?
According to the 5th Amendment, natural rights cannot be taken away without what?
Without due process of law
What amendment gives you the right to a speedy, public trial by an impartial jury?
What does the 9th Amendment keep the government from doing?
From claiming the BoR are the only rights Americans have
What was given power in the 10th Amendment for protection?
What are 3 aspects of the Federalist Party?
Favored a strong central gov't, rule by wealthy, loose interpretation of constitution
How did Washington feel about political parties?
He felt they divided people and kept the gov't from working together
What is favoring one side in a political decision?
Before the Election of 1796, what was held for the first time to determine Presidential candidates?
What was the crisis with France involving three agents that tried to get money from America?
France seized American ships that carried cargo to GB
Why were three acts created after the XYZ Affair?
To protect the security of the nation and to slow immigration
What was the Naturalization Act?
Required aliens to live in the US for 14 years before being able to apply for citizenship
What were the Alien acts?
Allowed president to deport aliens
What was the sedition act ?
A crime to write or speak false criticisms to try and weaken the gov't
What Amendment did the Sedition Act contradict?