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Flashcards in Chapter 16 Deck (94)
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1

A favorable pregnancy outcome is a full-term gestation period of how many weeks?

40

2

An organ that forms in the uterus during pregnancy, transfers nutrients and oxygen from the mother to the fetus, and removes fetal wastes

placenta

3

What is a good indication during pregnancy of growth and development for the fetus and health for the mother?

weight gain

4

Infants born to mothers with a prepregnancy BMI of 25 or higher are _________ to experience health problems compared to infants born to mothers of BMI in the range of 18.5-24.9.

more likely

5

Which of the following groups of people are at risk of a Vitamin D deficiency?

limited sun exposure
Do not consume milk

6

Which of the following is a function of folic acid during pregnancy?

Cell differentiation

7

When choosing a prenatal vitamin and mineral supplement, what should one look for on the label in order to ensure the product is safe?

USP symbol

8

True or False: Pregnant women should not engage in physical activity because it may induce preterm labor or cause a miscarriage.

False

9

Since the embryo continues to grow and develop regardless of the mother's awareness of pregnancy.

The mother's daily health and nutrition habits are very important

10

The National Academy of Science's Institute of Medicine recommendations for weight gain during pregnancy improves the chances of optimal health for both the mother and fetus if the gestation lasts at least ___ weeks

38

11

Heathy prepregnancy weight and adequate weight ______ during pregnancy are two excellent predictors of pregnancy outcomes

Gain

12

True or false: Many teens enter prepregnancy overweight.

False

13

Children born to mothers with gestational diabetes are typically

Large for gestational age

14

Which hormone triggers the let-down reflex?

Oxytocin

15

After birth, the mother produces more _______ hormone so that she can produce milk breastfeeding.

Prolactin

16

Lack of appropriate _________ is the primary cause of problems encountered with breastfeeding.

Information

17

What are some components of colostrum?

* immune system cells
*antibodies
*lactobacillus bifidus factor

18

Which statements are true in regard to the Lactobacillus bifidus factor?

* it is a component of colostrum
* it protects the intestine by preventing the growth of potentially harmful bacteria.

19

How many cups of fluid should the mother consume per day in order to ensure ample milk production?

13 cups per day

20

True or False. Human milk production requires an additional 500 kcal per day.

False

21

Fish and supplements are a good source of omega-3

Fatty acids

22

Breastfeeding education usually focuses on proper nutrition.

False

23

Which statement is true about breastfeeding size during pregnancy?

Breast size during pregnancy is not an indication of successful breastfeeding

24

What is the purpose of the placenta?

To accommodate growth and development of the fetus

25

Who is at the greatest risk for not consuming enough dietary calcium?

Pregnant teens

26

What does the USP symbol supplements signify?

The supplements meet the standards set by the U.S. Pharmacopoeia

27

What is a good source of information that pregnant women can consult to learn about recommendations for weight management during pregnancy?

*a registered dietitian
*the institute of medicine
*www.choosemyplate.gov

28

During pregnancy another type of diabetes develops in approximately 18% of women and is called

Gestational diabetes

29

What are some causes of potential problems encountered with breastfeeding?

*misinformation
* inverted nipples, which can be corrected during pregnancy

30

Which statements are true about colostrum?

*the first fluid released from the breast at the end of pregnancy
* a thin, yellowish fluid