Chapter 3 Flashcards Preview

Nutrition > Chapter 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (46)
Loading flashcards...
1

Can limit access to healthy foods

living in a food desert

2

Geographic areas where fresh, affordable, healthy foods cannot be purchased easily

food deserts

3

The USDA estimates that about ___ _______ people in the U.S. live in a food desert

23.5 million

4

Which of the following foods increase as developing countries become Westernized?

*processed foods
*sugar
*meat

5

What is it called when the quality, variety, and/or desirability of the diet are reduced and there is difficulty at times providing enough food for everyone in the household?

food insecurity

6

Individuals living in a food desert may be limited to access of ____ foods.

*fresh
*healthy
*affordable

7

What does WIC stand for?

women, infants, and children

8

Organic production relies on these farming practices

*manure applications
*crop rotation
*biological pest management
*composting

9

As developing countries become Westernized their diet changes. This phenomenon is known

nutrition transition

10

Practices such as biological pest management, composting, manure applications, and crop rotation are used

organic food production

11

fertilizers, pesticides, hormones, and irradiation are used

traditional food production

12

Ensure wholesomeness and quality standards for grains, produce, meat, poultry, milk, eggs products

United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)

13

Enforces laws on alcoholic beverages; inspection

Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF)

14

Regulates pesticides and establishes water quality standards

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

15

Single-cell organisms found in the food we eat, the water we drink, and the air we breathe

bacteria

16

Which government agency regulates the federal water supplies?

EPA

17

Sources of bottle water include the public water supply, spas, springs, geysers, and

wells

18

No indication of food access problems or limitations

high level of food security

19

1 or 2 indications of food access problems

marginal level of food security

20

Reduced quality, variety or desirability of diet

low level of food security

21

multiple indications of disrupted eating patterns and reduced food intake

very-low level of food security

22

Which of the following is a sulfur-based chemical used as a food additive?

sulfite

23

What are the threats to the safety of the US water supply?

*pollution from boats and ships
*agricultural runoff
*inadequate treatment of human waste

24

Albacore tuna should be limited to ____ ounces per week due to its mercury content

6

25

What are some examples of pesticides?

*insecticides
*fungicides
*herbicides

26

What is a benefit of eating fish?

omega 3 fatty acids

27

What are the main functions of food additives?

*flavor enhancers
*emulsifiers
*preservatives

28

Additives knowingly incorporated into food products by manufacturers

Intentional Food Additives

29

Additives that appear in food from environmental contamination of food ingredients or during the manufacturing process

Indirect food additives

30

As compared to conventional agriculture, ________________farming can reduce fossil fuel consumption, improve soil health, and reduce contamination with pesticides and herbicides

Organic